References to William Imus
Concerning the origins of the Imus name and family, we must start with the story that Raymond M. Imus gives: 'Joseph, the Spanish goldsmith of London' is a fiction apparently
without any evidence behind it.
See my essays Early Work on the Imus Family
and European Origins?
And the marriage to Lord Sterling's sister is
a fable. See Stirling
I believe that 'Imus' may be a nom-de-guerre. How were these tales arrived
at? Unless there is some hidden, decipherable link, William 'Imus's' real origin
may be irretrievable. Motives for change of name: convict, deserter, debtor,
indentured servant, radical, spy, or something nicer?
The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, First Families of America. Ed.
F. A. Virkus. Chicago, 1925. [Vol. 1, p. 895-6, connects Winchell family w. Imuses].
"Winchell, Alexander Newton: 5- William Imus (b. 1739), from Eng. to Conn.,
ca. 1758, soon after to Arlington, Vt., m. Lucy Hurd; 4- William (1773-1853),
m. Avis Bates; 3- Alonzo (1799-1887), m. Eunice Vaughn; 2- Son of Newton Horace
Winchell (1839-1914), m. 1864 Charlotte Sophia Imus (b. 1836); issue: 1- Horace
Vaughn (1865-1923); m. Ida Belle, dau. Alexander Winchel); 2..5"
Winchells are Minnesota geologists. Virkus is WRONG here. The gravestone
of William's wife in Arlington's Episcopal cemetery reads only "Lucy, consort
of Wm. Imus." The Hurds were notable Arlington Tories, but there is no suitable
Lucy among them. That William's wife was, rather, Lucy Buck is proved by the
following series of deeds.
New Milford, Connecticut. Land Records. [FHL films, Index 5186, Records 5189-5196]
William Imus appears as William Jonus in the Index, but the documents themselves
say Imus. Five deeds:
(1) Ann Buck sells to William Imus, 15 acres at s. end of Great Mt Tom, for
£30, 15 Jan 1768. V. 10, p. 819. [Ann (Gould) Buck will become William Imus's
(2) Silas Hill sells to William Imus, 1/2 ac. with house & barn, in town
bounded on n. by Job Gould's land, [He was grandfather of Ann Gould, wife of
Joseph Buck, William Imus's future father-in-law] for £120, 27 Jan
1768; v. 10 p. 818. On the same day a surety deed is given back by William Imus
to Silas Hill for the same property and amount; v. 11, p. 128. That deed is reissued
on 4 May 1769, v. 11, p. 343. Presumably Imus didn't come up with the money.
(3) William Imus sells to Lemuel Buck, the 15 acres near Great Mt. Tom that
he got from Lemuel's mother, for £30, 2 Jul 1768. V. 11, p. 28.
(4) William Imus & Lucy Imus sell to Abel Hine, 10 acres [their half of
20 acres inherited by them and David Buck from "our honoured father Joseph
Buck"], for £15, 24 Jan 1771, v. 11, p. 653.
(5) William Imus & Lucy Imus give to Samuel Drinkwater a quitclaim deed
on the half of 20 acres, n. of town on w. side of highway to the n., being purchased
by Drinkwater from David Buck, 24 Jan 1771, v. 12, p. 46. On 1 Jun 1773, William
Imus witnesses a deed given by Ann Buck to Lemuel.
Holbrook, Jay Mack. Vermont 1771 Census. Oxford, MA, 1982. [Emes, William, 1766,
New England, Petition 20, in A. S. Batchellor. The New Hampshire Grants. NHSP
vol. 26, p. 608] p. 30.
Orcutt, Samuel. History of the Towns of New Milford & Bridgewater, Connecticut
1703-1882. Hartford, 1882. "Through Mr. Thatcher's efforts particularly,
a lot of land was purchased in the Indian Field, in 1751, to the amount of £200,
and deeded to the Wardens of the [Episcopal] Church 'for the use and benefit
of the Church forever.' In 1772 the Churchmen voted to sell this land, called
a 'Glebe lot' and purchase a house and lot of Mr. Imus, 'for the Rev. Mr. Clark
to live in,' and to pay £60 for the property." pp. 164-5.
Russell, George A., M.D. Vital Statistics of Arlington, Vermont. Including Soldiers'
Rolls and Gravestone Records. Typescript. [FHL film 27755]. Ch. 1 Births from
town records, p. 48:
Imus, Anna 1807 Jan 28 d. William & ----
Imus, Charles Lemuel 1782 Nov 1 s. " & Lucy
Imus, Harriet 1811 Nov d. " & ----
Imus, Hiram 1771 Jan 27 s. " & Lucy
Imus, Joseph 1781 Jan 23 s. " & Lucy
Imus, Laury 1805 Jan 12 d. " & ----
Imus, Louisa 1809 Jul 14 d. " & ----
Imus, Minerva 1787 Mar 3 d. " & Lucy
Imus, Ophelia 1776 Oct 26 d. " & Lucy
Imus, Sterling 1803 Jun 6 s. " & ----
Imus, Thomas 1815 Aug s. " & ----
Imus, William 1773 Sep 15 s. " & Lucy
Ch. Deaths taken from other sources, p. 239
Imus, William 96y 1835
Imus, Lucy 55y 1801
Imus, Sterling 20y 1822, s. William
Gravestones, p. 439
Innes, Lucy (A) 1746-1801 w. William
Innes, Sterling (A) 1802-1822 s. William & Lucy [sic]
Innes, William (A) 1739-1835
On "List of tax payers of Arlington, who were taxed to defray the expenses
of seven men for Defense of Borders in 1779": William Imus, p. 425. Is this
the reputed refusal of service?
American Loyalist Claims.
Ed. Peter W. Coldham. Washington: National Genealogical
Assn., 1980. Vol. 1, p. 251. From the Public Records Office, Kew, Surrey. Audit
Office Series 13, Bundle/Item nos. "Imus, William, Ct. Arrested for loyalty
Nov. 1776, confined in irons three months, and tried for treason. As soon as
possible afterwards, joined Army in N. Y. and did service as armorer until directed
to recruit men within rebel lines. Did this for some time until obliged to take
shelter in the interior. Memorial 27 Feb 1786 Bennington. Claim: Payment for
services; costs of imprisonment. Evidences: Deposition 27 Feb 1786 Arlington
by Andrew Burritt of Arlington, late of Ct., that he knows claimant to have been
loyal. Deposition 4 Mar 1786 Arlington by Lemuel Buck of Arlington to same effect.
Rejected. (AO13/25/223-225)." p. 251. Buck's claim is on p. 64, with depositiion
by Wm. Imus. Claim by Austin Seely on p. 439. Phineas Hurd, p. 249. The Treaty
of Paris permitted such claims. Its rejection does not necessarily mean that
it was unjustified. Another source gives Imus's claim as 64 pounds. See State
Records of the Governor and Council of the State of Vermont
. Vol. I, Montpellier,
1873. p. 214. "In Council, Bennington 6 Feb, 1778. Sir,--You will examine
into the proof of Capt. [William] Fitch's giving the [first?] refusal of the
house (formerly the property of Benjamin Holt [n. 3]) to Mr. Imus, & if you
find to your satisfaction he had the Refusal previous to your appointment you
will make the Engagement good. You will give him a Reasonable time to procure
his Evidence. By order of the Council, Joseph Fay, Sec." n. 3: "Benjamin
Holt of Arlington had doubtless joined the enemy [the British loyalists] previous
to this date, for which his property had been confiscated. Later he was under
the ban of the Act of Feb. 26, 1779." [Capt. Fitch became Commissioner of
Sequestration and seems to have done Imus a favor by giving him first right of
refusal on a confiscated house even before he had the authority to do so. Is
this a reward for changing sides and not fleeing to Canada? Imus seems to have
refused because he is not mentioned in the extensive records of sequestration,
including those concerning Holt's property.]
State Papers of Vermont. Sequestration, Confiscation and Sale of Estates.
6 (1941). [p. 312, "Account of Gideon Ormsby. A Bill of Cost Charged to
this State for Trying tories VIZ James Bristol, Icabod Bennidict, John Foot,
Josiah Lockwood, Philo Hawley, Tirus Hurd, Silvanus Persee, Gideon Squire, Solomon
Squire, Austin Seeleak, Ephraim Knap, Samuel Rose & Bennett Beardslee."
[Jury includes Lemuel Buck. Arlington, 6 Aug 1778. Buck's presence on a jury
to try Tories indicates he changed sides too. Burgoyne had been defeated at Saratoga,
17 Oct 1777, and his loyalist irregulars melted back into the countryside. Had
Imus been among them? Why was he a candidate for Benjamin Holt's property? Are
Imus, Buck, Austin Seelye and other suspected Tories who remained in the United
States merely taking advantage of the reluctant British compensation effort?]
Goodrich, John E., comp. The State of Vermont. Rolls of Soldiers in the Revolutionary
War 1775 to 1787
. Rutland: Tuttle, 1904.  [Capt. Jacob Hines' Company] p.
549. "A pay roll of Capt. Jacob Hines' Company in Arlington that went out
in the Alarm to the Westward, December 1781. Capt. & 16 men. Wm Imons 3 days,
20 miles, 4d/mile, amt. travel £0.6.8, rations £0.12.0, wages £0.4.0,
total £0.12.8. Pay table office, Arlington Jan. 7, 1782. Total £9.5.10.
Committee: Isaac Tichenor, Timo. Brownson."
Arlington, Vermont. Book of Deeds. William Imus started acquiring property 18
Jan 1783 with 50 acres from Moses Northrup of New Milford Ct. for £50, adding
100 acres in May from Ebenezer Wallis, Jr., selling £100 worth the following
year to Austin Sealey and continuing to trade holdings until 1822. He wrote his
Will 22 Jan 1825, [Book 9, pp. 421-33] died in 1835, and on his will's probation
7 April 1837, his holdings consisted of a 63 acre home farm in Arlington appaised
at $700, a 75 acre wood lot in Sunderland worth $775, and personal goods (2 cows,
beds, blankets, pots, etc.) valued at $109.90. After deducting his wife Anna's
widow's third, the remaining land was to be parceled out among his 4 daughters
and one son. But Laura, the eldest had died, leaving as heir and legal representative,
one Harriet Jane Imus, a minor. [The records do not mention a Mr. Morse, Laura's
reputed husband]. The other heirs were a daughter Anna--now married to Johnson
Whitman--Louisa Marble, Harriet Millikan, and Thomas Imus. The Whitmans and Millikans
soon sold their portions to Thomas, as did Levine Hard, the guardian of Harriet
Jane, on 3 Dec 1841, for a total of $355. Thomas began selling in 1853: the 75
acre wood lot going for $1300 to Cyrus Lane, and most of the farm, except for
a house, to Simeon, Warren and James Cole for a total of $866, in late 1856.
On 22 Jan 1857, he let the house go to Cyrus Holden for $1, and he and his wife
Louisa Gleason left Arlington for Illinois.
Heads of Families on the First Census of the U.S. taken in the Year 1790: Vermont.
Washington: G.P.O., 1907. [P. 15, Arlington township in Bennington Co.: Himas,
William. 3 males over 16, 2 under, and 4 females. 170 heads. Total pop. 992.
One Hurd (Tirus). Several Bucks.] Arlington, known as 'Tory Hollow', is on Batten
Kill, which runs w. into Hudson r., borders on N.Y., w. of Green Mtns.
The claim that William Imus's first wife was a Lucy Hurd is unsubstantiated.
His son Thomas claimed, in The Biographical & Genealogical Record, La Salle
(Chicago: Lewis, 1900), that she was Lucy Buck. She seems to
have been, according to Samuel Buck, Buck History & Genealogy. Supplement
(n.p. 1924) p. 79, born 18 Feb 1747, only daughter and last child of six, of
Joseph Buck (1707-70) and Ann Gould of New Milford CT. Her brother Lemuel had
several recorded dealings with Imus, and they all seem to have gone to Arlington
VT together around 1770.
Heads of Families in the Second Census of the U. S. in 1800: Vermont. [p. 27,
Arlington, Bennington Co. Lists William Imes & family and William Imes, Jr.
Brownell, Elijah Ellsworth. Bennington County, Vermont Genealogical Gleanings.
Philadelphia, 1941. [1810 Federal census Arlington township: William Janes, Sr.
1 male < 10; 1 male > 45; 4 females < 10; 1 female 16-26; 1 female 26-45.
Shaftsbury town: William Imus, Jr. 2 males 10-16; 1 male 26-45; 5 females <
10; 1 female 10-16; 1 female 26-45.
Index of Arlington, Vermont Census. Typescript. [Innes (Innis), William, Sr.
1810 p. 77A; William 1820 p. 254, William 1830 p. 19.]
DAR Patriot's Index. Washington, D.C., 1966. R.M. Imus says that Imus's marriage
into the Tory Hurd family "may account for the fact that he never served
in the Continental Army, sending a substitute at two different times." But,
this source says, "William Imus was on the payroll of Captain Jacob Hines'
company in Arlington that went out in the alarm to the westward December 1781,
served 3 days" as a private in the continental army. Verified by the state
of Vermont. This was 2 months after Cornwallis's final surrender to the Americans
There are two interesting themes here. Potential profiteering from the repression
of Tory sympathizers, and minimal military service. William settled in a Tory
enclave and first married into a Tory family, but pursued his own course with
the powers that be. He spent most of his life in Arlington, Vermont as a farmer.
He seems to have belonged to that majority who live in the middle ground between
enthusiasts. Neither passionately Patriot nor Loyalist, he took advantage of
the opportunities that arose.
From what social code do the names "Hiram, Alonzo, Tabor, Sterling, Myron,
& Ophelia" come from? They include Hebrew, Spanish, Greek, and Shakespeare.
Freemasonry? What is Lucy Buck's contribution to these names? And Anna Rising's?
In Russell's lists neither Lucy's maiden name nor Anna's ever appear. No gravestone
for Anna. Did she leave Arlington with other children?
William Imus spins a tale? Said to have been born near London (May, 1739), he
emigrated to Connecticut's Housatonic river valley around 1761, lived for a while
in New Milford and removed to Vermont c1770 and permanently after the Revolution.
Settled in Arlington, and may have said his father, Joseph Imus, goldsmith of
London, had married the sister of Lord Sterling. Or is this tale a later invention?
Perhaps it was inferred, with a huge dose of imagination, from the only three
Imus gravestones in the Arlington churchyard: William's, Lucy's, and Sterling's,
with a little help from the articles on the name "Stirling" in the
14th ed. of the Encyclopedia Britannica
Anna Rising or Tolbert
Suffield, Connecticut. Hartford Co. Vital Records: Births. [FHL film 1317067]
Book 1, p. 135. Anna Rising, b. 31 Jan 1770 to James Rising, Jr. m. 10 Oct 1753,
Elizabeth Laflin of Westfield. [MA?] Said to have died at 84 in 1854. The Index
to this volume misses Anna and gives no page number for James, Jr.!
Rupert VT and White Creek Meadows, now West Rupert, were settled by families
from Suffield CT. Aaron Rising, Jr. b. 1733 had a daughter Anna b. 1756 and his
2nd cousin James Rising Jr. b. 1728 also had a daughter Anna b. 1770. The first
Anna married Levi Doance. This latter Anna seems to be the one Imus married after
the death of his first wife Lucy Buck in 1801. She may have accompanied Aaron's
family to the Rupert area. Boston Transcript
(Dec. 7, 1925), [a query on Harriet
Imus, b. Vermont, 1812, married to Laban Millikin, b. N. Y., Jan. 29, 1809. She
was William (1739-1835) Imus's dau. by 2nd wife, Anna Rising].
Dave Thomas of the Russell Vermontiana Collection
sent a xerox of the following entry:
State of Vermont }
Bennington County} Be it remembered that at Arlington in the County aforesaid
on this 18th day of July AD 1802 - William Imus of Arlington aforesaid and Anny
Tolbert of the former place were duly joined in Marriage by me.
[signed] Jonathan Baker Just. Peace
Thomas adds the following: "With respect to the Tolbert name, we do not
find it in the records of Arlington, Sandgate, or Rupert. Our Rupert records
aren't great, but those for the other two towns are pretty comprehensive. As
you may already have checked, there are no Tolberts in the VT census indexes
for 1791, 1800, or 1810. In 1791 there is an Ephraim Talbert in Townshend and
a Wealthy Talbert in Putney. In 1800 there is a Joseph Talbert in Springfield
and a John Talbut in Putney. In 1810 there is a John Talbert in Kirby and Joseph
in Putney. There is also a David Talbot, Jr. in Williston. None of these towns
are near Rupert. The Hemenway volumes have no Tolbert in the index. There is
a Talbert & Barnes, a Poultney manufacturer in the mid-19th century (Poultney
not too far from Rupert). There is also a John Talbert/Talbut of Putney who was
town clerk there toward the end of the 18th century. Hemenway also shows a Hannah
Talbot who married Dr. Richard Huntley of Topsham in 1792 and a Dr. J. H. Talbot
of Wilmington in the 1860 period. Whether any of the above relate to Anny I don't
know." 24 Oct 1995