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Some References to William Imus

Concerning the origins of the Imus name and family, we must start with the story that Raymond M. Imus gives: 'Joseph, the Spanish goldsmith of London' is a fiction apparently without any evidence behind it.

See my essays Early Work on the Imus Family and
European Origins?.
And the marriage to Lord Sterling's sister is a fable. See Stirling .
I believe that 'Imus' may be a nom-de-guerre. How were these tales arrived at? Unless there is some hidden, decipherable link, William 'Imus's' real origin may be irretrievable. Motives for change of name: convict, deserter, debtor, indentured servant, radical, spy, or something nicer?

The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, First Families of America. Ed. F. A. Virkus. Chicago, 1925. [Vol. 1, p. 895-6, connects Winchell family w. Imuses]. "Winchell, Alexander Newton: 5- William Imus (b. 1739), from Eng. to Conn., ca. 1758, soon after to Arlington, Vt., m. Lucy Hurd; 4- William (1773-1853), m. Avis Bates; 3- Alonzo (1799-1887), m. Eunice Vaughn; 2- Son of Newton Horace Winchell (1839-1914), m. 1864 Charlotte Sophia Imus (b. 1836); issue: 1- Horace Vaughn (1865-1923); m. Ida Belle, dau. Alexander Winchel); 2..5"
These Winchells are Minnesota geologists. Virkus is WRONG here. The gravestone of William's wife in Arlington's Episcopal cemetery reads only "Lucy, consort of Wm. Imus." The Hurds were notable Arlington Tories, but there is no suitable Lucy among them. That William's wife was, rather, Lucy Buck is proved by the following series of deeds.

New Milford, Connecticut. Land Records. [FHL films, Index 5186, Records 5189-5196] William Imus appears as William Jonus in the Index, but the documents themselves say Imus. Five deeds:
(1) Ann Buck sells to William Imus, 15 acres at s. end of Great Mt Tom, for £30, 15 Jan 1768. V. 10, p. 819. [Ann (Gould) Buck will become William Imus's mother-in-law]
(2) Silas Hill sells to William Imus, 1/2 ac. with house & barn, in town bounded on n. by Job Gould's land, [He was grandfather of Ann Gould, wife of Joseph Buck, William Imus's future father-in-law] for £120, 27 Jan 1768; v. 10 p. 818. On the same day a surety deed is given back by William Imus to Silas Hill for the same property and amount; v. 11, p. 128. That deed is reissued on 4 May 1769, v. 11, p. 343. Presumably Imus didn't come up with the money.
(3) William Imus sells to Lemuel Buck, the 15 acres near Great Mt. Tom that he got from Lemuel's mother, for £30, 2 Jul 1768. V. 11, p. 28.
(4) William Imus & Lucy Imus sell to Abel Hine, 10 acres [their half of 20 acres inherited by them and David Buck from "our honoured father Joseph Buck"], for £15, 24 Jan 1771, v. 11, p. 653.
(5) William Imus & Lucy Imus give to Samuel Drinkwater a quitclaim deed on the half of 20 acres, n. of town on w. side of highway to the n., being purchased by Drinkwater from David Buck, 24 Jan 1771, v. 12, p. 46. On 1 Jun 1773, William Imus witnesses a deed given by Ann Buck to Lemuel.

Holbrook, Jay Mack. Vermont 1771 Census. Oxford, MA, 1982. [Emes, William, 1766, New England, Petition 20, in A. S. Batchellor. The New Hampshire Grants. NHSP vol. 26, p. 608] p. 30.

Orcutt, Samuel. History of the Towns of New Milford & Bridgewater, Connecticut 1703-1882. Hartford, 1882. "Through Mr. Thatcher's efforts particularly, a lot of land was purchased in the Indian Field, in 1751, to the amount of £200, and deeded to the Wardens of the [Episcopal] Church 'for the use and benefit of the Church forever.' In 1772 the Churchmen voted to sell this land, called a 'Glebe lot' and purchase a house and lot of Mr. Imus, 'for the Rev. Mr. Clark to live in,' and to pay £60 for the property." pp. 164-5.

Russell, George A., M.D. Vital Statistics of Arlington, Vermont. Including Soldiers' Rolls and Gravestone Records. Typescript. [FHL film 27755]. Ch. 1 Births from town records, p. 48:

	Imus, Anna           1807 Jan 28  d.  William      & ----

	Imus, Charles Lemuel 1782 Nov  1  s.     "         & Lucy 

	Imus, Harriet        1811 Nov     d.     "         & ---- 

	Imus, Hiram          1771 Jan 27  s.     "         & Lucy 

	Imus, Joseph         1781 Jan 23  s.     "         & Lucy 

	Imus, Laury          1805 Jan 12  d.     "         & ---- 

	Imus, Louisa         1809 Jul 14  d.     "         & ---- 

	Imus, Minerva        1787 Mar  3  d.     "         & Lucy 

	Imus, Ophelia        1776 Oct 26  d.     "         & Lucy 

	Imus, Sterling       1803 Jun  6  s.     "         & ---- 

	Imus, Thomas         1815 Aug     s.     "         & ---- 

	Imus, William        1773 Sep 15  s.     "         & Lucy 

Ch. Deaths taken from other sources, p. 239 

	Imus, William   96y   1835  

	Imus, Lucy      55y   1801 

	Imus, Sterling  20y   1822, s. William  

Gravestones, p. 439 

	Innes, Lucy     (A)   1746-1801   w. William 

	Innes, Sterling (A)   1802-1822   s. William & Lucy [sic] 

	Innes, William  (A)   1739-1835  

On "List of tax payers of Arlington, who were taxed to defray the expenses of seven men for Defense of Borders in 1779": William Imus, p. 425. Is this the reputed refusal of service?

American Loyalist Claims. Ed. Peter W. Coldham. Washington: National Genealogical Assn., 1980. Vol. 1, p. 251. From the Public Records Office, Kew, Surrey. Audit Office Series 13, Bundle/Item nos. "Imus, William, Ct. Arrested for loyalty Nov. 1776, confined in irons three months, and tried for treason. As soon as possible afterwards, joined Army in N. Y. and did service as armorer until directed to recruit men within rebel lines. Did this for some time until obliged to take shelter in the interior. Memorial 27 Feb 1786 Bennington. Claim: Payment for services; costs of imprisonment. Evidences: Deposition 27 Feb 1786 Arlington by Andrew Burritt of Arlington, late of Ct., that he knows claimant to have been loyal. Deposition 4 Mar 1786 Arlington by Lemuel Buck of Arlington to same effect. Rejected. (AO13/25/223-225)." p. 251. Buck's claim is on p. 64, with depositiion by Wm. Imus. Claim by Austin Seely on p. 439. Phineas Hurd, p. 249. The Treaty of Paris permitted such claims. Its rejection does not necessarily mean that it was unjustified. Another source gives Imus's claim as 64 pounds. See State Papers below.

Records of the Governor and Council of the State of Vermont. Vol. I, Montpellier, 1873. p. 214. "In Council, Bennington 6 Feb, 1778. Sir,--You will examine into the proof of Capt. [William] Fitch's giving the [first?] refusal of the house (formerly the property of Benjamin Holt [n. 3]) to Mr. Imus, & if you find to your satisfaction he had the Refusal previous to your appointment you will make the Engagement good. You will give him a Reasonable time to procure his Evidence. By order of the Council, Joseph Fay, Sec." n. 3: "Benjamin Holt of Arlington had doubtless joined the enemy [the British loyalists] previous to this date, for which his property had been confiscated. Later he was under the ban of the Act of Feb. 26, 1779." [Capt. Fitch became Commissioner of Sequestration and seems to have done Imus a favor by giving him first right of refusal on a confiscated house even before he had the authority to do so. Is this a reward for changing sides and not fleeing to Canada? Imus seems to have refused because he is not mentioned in the extensive records of sequestration, including those concerning Holt's property.]

State Papers of Vermont. Sequestration, Confiscation and Sale of Estates. v. 6 (1941). [p. 312, "Account of Gideon Ormsby. A Bill of Cost Charged to this State for Trying tories VIZ James Bristol, Icabod Bennidict, John Foot, Josiah Lockwood, Philo Hawley, Tirus Hurd, Silvanus Persee, Gideon Squire, Solomon Squire, Austin Seeleak, Ephraim Knap, Samuel Rose & Bennett Beardslee." [Jury includes Lemuel Buck. Arlington, 6 Aug 1778. Buck's presence on a jury to try Tories indicates he changed sides too. Burgoyne had been defeated at Saratoga, 17 Oct 1777, and his loyalist irregulars melted back into the countryside. Had Imus been among them? Why was he a candidate for Benjamin Holt's property? Are Imus, Buck, Austin Seelye and other suspected Tories who remained in the United States merely taking advantage of the reluctant British compensation effort?]

Goodrich, John E., comp. The State of Vermont. Rolls of Soldiers in the Revolutionary War 1775 to 1787. Rutland: Tuttle, 1904. [34] [Capt. Jacob Hines' Company] p. 549. "A pay roll of Capt. Jacob Hines' Company in Arlington that went out in the Alarm to the Westward, December 1781. Capt. & 16 men. Wm Imons 3 days, 20 miles, 4d/mile, amt. travel £0.6.8, rations £0.12.0, wages £0.4.0, total £0.12.8. Pay table office, Arlington Jan. 7, 1782. Total £9.5.10. Committee: Isaac Tichenor, Timo. Brownson."

Arlington, Vermont. Book of Deeds. William Imus started acquiring property 18 Jan 1783 with 50 acres from Moses Northrup of New Milford Ct. for £50, adding 100 acres in May from Ebenezer Wallis, Jr., selling £100 worth the following year to Austin Sealey and continuing to trade holdings until 1822. He wrote his Will 22 Jan 1825, [Book 9, pp. 421-33] died in 1835, and on his will's probation 7 April 1837, his holdings consisted of a 63 acre home farm in Arlington appaised at $700, a 75 acre wood lot in Sunderland worth $775, and personal goods (2 cows, beds, blankets, pots, etc.) valued at $109.90. After deducting his wife Anna's widow's third, the remaining land was to be parceled out among his 4 daughters and one son. But Laura, the eldest had died, leaving as heir and legal representative, one Harriet Jane Imus, a minor. [The records do not mention a Mr. Morse, Laura's reputed husband]. The other heirs were a daughter Anna--now married to Johnson Whitman--Louisa Marble, Harriet Millikan, and Thomas Imus. The Whitmans and Millikans soon sold their portions to Thomas, as did Levine Hard, the guardian of Harriet Jane, on 3 Dec 1841, for a total of $355. Thomas began selling in 1853: the 75 acre wood lot going for $1300 to Cyrus Lane, and most of the farm, except for a house, to Simeon, Warren and James Cole for a total of $866, in late 1856. On 22 Jan 1857, he let the house go to Cyrus Holden for $1, and he and his wife Louisa Gleason left Arlington for Illinois.

Heads of Families on the First Census of the U.S. taken in the Year 1790: Vermont. Washington: G.P.O., 1907. [P. 15, Arlington township in Bennington Co.: Himas, William. 3 males over 16, 2 under, and 4 females. 170 heads. Total pop. 992. One Hurd (Tirus). Several Bucks.] Arlington, known as 'Tory Hollow', is on Batten Kill, which runs w. into Hudson r., borders on N.Y., w. of Green Mtns.

The claim that William Imus's first wife was a Lucy Hurd is unsubstantiated. His son Thomas claimed, in The Biographical & Genealogical Record, La Salle County, Illinois (Chicago: Lewis, 1900), that she was Lucy Buck. She seems to have been, according to Samuel Buck, Buck History & Genealogy. Supplement (n.p. 1924) p. 79, born 18 Feb 1747, only daughter and last child of six, of Joseph Buck (1707-70) and Ann Gould of New Milford CT. Her brother Lemuel had several recorded dealings with Imus, and they all seem to have gone to Arlington VT together around 1770.

Heads of Families in the Second Census of the U. S. in 1800: Vermont. [p. 27, Arlington, Bennington Co. Lists William Imes & family and William Imes, Jr. & family].

Brownell, Elijah Ellsworth. Bennington County, Vermont Genealogical Gleanings. Philadelphia, 1941. [1810 Federal census Arlington township: William Janes, Sr. 1 male < 10; 1 male > 45; 4 females < 10; 1 female 16-26; 1 female 26-45. Shaftsbury town: William Imus, Jr. 2 males 10-16; 1 male 26-45; 5 females < 10; 1 female 10-16; 1 female 26-45.

Index of Arlington, Vermont Census. Typescript. [Innes (Innis), William, Sr. 1810 p. 77A; William 1820 p. 254, William 1830 p. 19.]

DAR Patriot's Index. Washington, D.C., 1966. R.M. Imus says that Imus's marriage into the Tory Hurd family "may account for the fact that he never served in the Continental Army, sending a substitute at two different times." But, this source says, "William Imus was on the payroll of Captain Jacob Hines' company in Arlington that went out in the alarm to the westward December 1781, served 3 days" as a private in the continental army. Verified by the state of Vermont. This was 2 months after Cornwallis's final surrender to the Americans at Yorktown.

There are two interesting themes here. Potential profiteering from the repression of Tory sympathizers, and minimal military service. William settled in a Tory enclave and first married into a Tory family, but pursued his own course with the powers that be. He spent most of his life in Arlington, Vermont as a farmer. He seems to have belonged to that majority who live in the middle ground between enthusiasts. Neither passionately Patriot nor Loyalist, he took advantage of the opportunities that arose.

From what social code do the names "Hiram, Alonzo, Tabor, Sterling, Myron, & Ophelia" come from? They include Hebrew, Spanish, Greek, and Shakespeare. Freemasonry? What is Lucy Buck's contribution to these names? And Anna Rising's? In Russell's lists neither Lucy's maiden name nor Anna's ever appear. No gravestone for Anna. Did she leave Arlington with other children?

William Imus spins a tale? Said to have been born near London (May, 1739), he emigrated to Connecticut's Housatonic river valley around 1761, lived for a while in New Milford and removed to Vermont c1770 and permanently after the Revolution. Settled in Arlington, and may have said his father, Joseph Imus, goldsmith of London, had married the sister of Lord Sterling. Or is this tale a later invention? Perhaps it was inferred, with a huge dose of imagination, from the only three Imus gravestones in the Arlington churchyard: William's, Lucy's, and Sterling's, with a little help from the articles on the name "Stirling" in the 14th ed. of the Encyclopedia Britannica.

Anna Rising or Tolbert

Suffield, Connecticut. Hartford Co. Vital Records: Births. [FHL film 1317067] Book 1, p. 135. Anna Rising, b. 31 Jan 1770 to James Rising, Jr. m. 10 Oct 1753, Elizabeth Laflin of Westfield. [MA?] Said to have died at 84 in 1854. The Index to this volume misses Anna and gives no page number for James, Jr.!

Rupert VT and White Creek Meadows, now West Rupert, were settled by families from Suffield CT. Aaron Rising, Jr. b. 1733 had a daughter Anna b. 1756 and his 2nd cousin James Rising Jr. b. 1728 also had a daughter Anna b. 1770. The first Anna married Levi Doance. This latter Anna seems to be the one Imus married after the death of his first wife Lucy Buck in 1801. She may have accompanied Aaron's family to the Rupert area. Boston Transcript (Dec. 7, 1925), [a query on Harriet Imus, b. Vermont, 1812, married to Laban Millikin, b. N. Y., Jan. 29, 1809. She was William (1739-1835) Imus's dau. by 2nd wife, Anna Rising].

Dave Thomas of the Russell Vermontiana Collection sent a xerox of the following entry:

State of Vermont }
Bennington County} Be it remembered that at Arlington in the County aforesaid on this 18th day of July AD 1802 - William Imus of Arlington aforesaid and Anny Tolbert of the former place were duly joined in Marriage by me.
[signed] Jonathan Baker Just. Peace

Thomas adds the following: "With respect to the Tolbert name, we do not find it in the records of Arlington, Sandgate, or Rupert. Our Rupert records aren't great, but those for the other two towns are pretty comprehensive. As you may already have checked, there are no Tolberts in the VT census indexes for 1791, 1800, or 1810. In 1791 there is an Ephraim Talbert in Townshend and a Wealthy Talbert in Putney. In 1800 there is a Joseph Talbert in Springfield and a John Talbut in Putney. In 1810 there is a John Talbert in Kirby and Joseph in Putney. There is also a David Talbot, Jr. in Williston. None of these towns are near Rupert. The Hemenway volumes have no Tolbert in the index. There is a Talbert & Barnes, a Poultney manufacturer in the mid-19th century (Poultney not too far from Rupert). There is also a John Talbert/Talbut of Putney who was town clerk there toward the end of the 18th century. Hemenway also shows a Hannah Talbot who married Dr. Richard Huntley of Topsham in 1792 and a Dr. J. H. Talbot of Wilmington in the 1860 period. Whether any of the above relate to Anny I don't know." 24 Oct 1995