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Antigo, Wisconsin Genealogy Gopher
City of Antigo and Langlade County, Wisconsin Genealogical Research Sources

Home > Langlade County Civil/Political Towns

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Langlade County, Wisconsin

  • Early Settlement

    • Missionaries and Indian traders were the first to travel the old Indian trails through the area. Post Lake was a trading post between the French and Indians. The Pottawattomies had a settlement on Upper Post Lake when the white settlers first began to arrive.

    • William Ackley, reputed to be the first white settler in the area, had built his home three miles east of what is now Antigo at the forks of the East and West Branches of the Eau Claire River as early as 1853.

    • In the late 1860's the "Military Road" was built between Green Bay and Fort Wilkins, Michigan. It generally followed what is now State Highway 55. This led early pioneer families to establish several small communities in the eastern part of the county as "stopping-places" for travelers using the "Military Road."

    • Francis Deleglise and his companion George Eckart arrived at an area that they called "Spring Brook" on Jan 22, 1876. "Spring Brook" eventually became the City of Antigo.

    • Langlade County was created February 27, 1879 by the state legislature from territory detached from Oconto County and at first was called "New".

    • "New" was attached to Shawano County for county and judicial purposes from 1879 to 1881. This means any birth, marriage, death and court records for this time period are in Shawano County.

    • In February, 1880 the state legislature changed the name to "Langlade."

    • No civil/political Towns were created until 1881.

    • The six original civil/political towns were: Antigo, Carpenter, Gagen, Norwood, Polar, and Rolling.

    • In 1885 the state legislature detached territory from Lincoln County and attached what would eventually become the towns of Ackley, Peck, Upham and Summit to Langlade.

  • Research Aids

Civil/Political Town Research

A congressional township contains 36 square miles (sections 1 mile by 1 mile). A civil/political town may be larger or smaller than a congressional township in size. It can be only part of a congressional township in size or it can be made of several congressional townships.

The Early History of Langlade County
County History Part OneCounty History Part Two
Full Text of "History of Langlade County, Wisconsin..." By Robert M. Dessureau (offsite)
Historical Post Offices 1878-present.

Origins of Langlade County Placenames

County Pioneer Biographies

County & Town Territorial Change Maps

Physical Location Descriptions for Historical School Districts

Municipal Records
Copies of municipal records (some from the 1800's) at the Wisconsin Secretary of State Office.
This link is a historical gold mine!

Wikipedia Reference

HELP!
I have been unable to determine the locations of the following historical communities. According to the website www.postalhistory.com and Wisconsin Blue Books the following post offices were located in Langlade County. Any help in determining the locations of these communities would be greatly appreciated! I know the locations can be found in the following book but I am having difficulty getting access to it! Is there anyone out there who can get access to this book and find the locations for me?

"Wisconsin, Its Territorial and Statehood Post Offices" by Frank Moertl. ocm: 35044323

Clark, 1912 to 1912
Garrison, 1884 to 1885
Goodland, 1880 to 1881
Hoxie, 1887 to 1888
Wilbur, 1884 to 1885
ACKLEY
Created Mar 4, 1879 in Lincoln Co.
Attached to Langlade Co. Apr 11, 1885
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Lumberton/Heinemann
Vaughn

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Clover Valley
Dist # 2, Ferndale
Dist # 3, Longfellow
Dist # 5, Eau Claire
Dist # 6, Marsh
Dist # 7, Riverview

Historical Railroad Locations
Bellemyer Spur
Boehm Spur
McInness Spur
Antigo to Heinemann Mill Line (C&NW)
Marinette Tomahawk & Western (Logging) RR
Milwaukee Road

Historical Lumber Companies
Barker & Stewart Lumber Co.
Brooks & Ross Lumber Co.
B. Heinmann Lumber Co.
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber Co.
AINSWORTH
Created Nov 17, 1904
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Pearson
Stopping Places

Historical Schools
Dist # 3, Pearson
Dist # 4, Arbutus
Dist # 5, Forest Dale
Dist # 6, Clover Dale
Dist # 7, Swamp Creek

Historical Railroad Locations
Pearson to Koepenick Line (C&NW)
Pearson Engine House
Underwood Veneer Co. (Logging) RR

Historical Lumber Companies
C.W. Fish Lumber Co.
Gill & Dawley Lumber Co.
Hale, Mylrea Lumber Co.
Kellogg Lumber & Mfg. Co.
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber Co.
Munsard & Perkins Lumber Co.
Underwood Veneer Co.
White Star Lumber Co.
Wittenberg Cedar Co.
ANTIGO
Created Nov 13, 1879 and named Springbrook by Shawano County Board along with Carpenter and Langlade.
Named changed to Antigo when the other
five original towns were created by the Langlade County Board on Feb 19, 1881
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
City of Antigo
Weed

Town Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Pioneer
Dist # 2, Mayflower
Dist # 3, Boulder Hill
Dist # 4, Selenske
Dist # 5, Chamberlain
Dist # 6, Neff Switch
Dist # 7, Fairview

Antigo Unified SD Historical Schools
Ward One
Ward Two
Ward Three
Ward Four
Ward Five
Ward Six
AUSD, Lily Elem.
AUSD, Aniwa Elem.
AUSD, River Grove Elem.

Operating Antigo Unified SD Schools
High School
Middle School
East Elem.
North Elem.
West Elem.
Crestwood Elem.
Mattoon Elem.
Pleasant View Elem.
Spring Valley Elem.

Historical Railroad Locations
Antigo Depot
Antigo Roundhouse
C&NW Ashland Division Line
Donahue Spur
MLS&W RR Line
Neff Siding
Wolf River Junction
Wolf River Branch Line

Historical Lumber Companies
Antigo Lumber Co. (1st one)
Antigo Lumber Co. (2nd one)
Edgar & Martin Lumber Co.
Faust Lumber Co.
C.W. Fish Lumber Co.
Henshaw-Worden Lumber Co.
Hosie & Mellor Lumber Co.
T.D. Kellogg Lumber & Mfg. Co.
Kingsbury & Henshaw Lumber Co.
C.H. Krause Lumber Co.
Paine/ a.k.a. Langlade Lumber Co.
Wisconsin Bark & Lumber Co.
Wolf River Lumber Co.
Wunderlich Lumber & Mfg. Co.
CARPENTER
Historical Town
Created Feb 19, 1881
Vacated January 7, 1885

Historical Communities
Alvin
Argonne
Ayr/Crandon
Laona
Newald
Popple River
CLEVELAND
Historical Town
Created Nov 15, 1884
Vacated November 15, 1886

Historical Communities
Town of Freedom
Town of Nashville (south)
Pearson
ELCHO
Created Feb 23, 1887
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Elcho
Hoxie?
Post Lake

Historical Schools
Dist #1, Elcho Graded
#1 subdist., Lakeside
# 1 subdist., Kosciousko
# 1 subdist., Sunset
Dist # 2, Post Lake

Historical Railroad Locations
C&NW Ashland Division Line
Elcho Depot
MLS&W RR Line

Historical Lumber Companies
C.W. Fish Lumber Co.
Frost Veneer Seating Co.
Jones Lumber Co.
ELTON
Historical Town
Created Nov 10, 1886
Renamed Wolf River Apr 25, 1925
EVERGREEN
Created Feb 26, 1896 as Wolf River
Named changed to Evergreen on
May 19, 1896
Wikipedia.Reference

Historical Communities
Elton
Four Corners
Grudgeville

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Cozy Corner
Dist # 3, Sherry
Dist # 4, McKinley
Dist # 5, Elton
Dist # ?, Wilson
Dist # 7, Washington

Historical Railroad Locations
Crocker Chair (Logging) RR
Sherry Extension
Wolf River Branch Line (MLS&W) (C&NW)
Wisconsin & Northern RR Line
Yawkey-Bissell Lumber Co. (Logging) RR

Historical Lumber Companies
Crocker Chair Co.
Yawkey-Bissell Lumber Co.
Upham Lumber Co.
GAGEN
Historical Town
Created Feb 19, 1881
Vacated April 11, 1885

Historical Communities
Frydenland/Freindland/Rice Lake/Mole Lake
Hiles
Lac Vieux Desert
Town of Nashville (north)
Phelps
Sherman Corners
Three Lakes
LANGLADE
Created Mar 2, 1876 in Oconto Co.
Attached to New Co. Feb 27, 1879
Attached to Shawano Co. Feb 19, 1881
Reattached to Langlade Co. Apr 3, 1885
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Choate
Freeman
Lily/New/Priem
Pickerel/Twin Lakes
Stopping Places

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Pickerel
Dist. # ?, Freeman
Dist # 7, Elm Grove
Dist # 8, Lily

Historical Railroad Locations
Freeman Siding
Langlade Land & Logging Spur
Lily Depot
Powell Siding
Seering Siding
Wisconsin & Northern RR Line (Soo RR)
X277 Spur

Historical Lumber Companies
Timothy Craine Lumber Co.
LILY
Historical Town
Created Nov 18, 1898
Ordinance rescinded Jan 25, 1899
Remained Town of Langlade
NEVA
Created Jan 11, 1883
2nd Source: May 3, 1883
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Deerbrook
Kempster
Melnick/Melnik/(historically Neva)/Star Neva
Neva Corners (informally Neva)
Reeves
Chippewa Indian Village-Bass Lake,Section 10
Chippewa Indian Village-Eau Claire River-Section 15

Historical Schools
Jt Dist # 1, Kempster
Dist # 2, Gillis
Jt Dist # 3, Deerbrook
Dist # 3, Little Chicago
Dist # 5, Spring Brook

Historical Railroad Locations
CN&W Ashland Division Line
Deerbrook Depot
Honzicks Spur
Kempster Engine House & Turn-Table
MLS&W RR Line

Historical Lumber Companies
Fraker & Graves Lumber Co.
Hoxie & Mellor Lumber Co.
Wisconsin Bark & Lumber Co.
NORWOOD
Created Nov 9, 1880 in Shawano Co.
Attached to Langlade Co.
Feb 19, 1881 as Milltown
Split from Rolling Apr 15, 1881
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Mayking
Norwood
Phlox
Rose

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Riverside
Dist # 2, Red River
Dist # 3, Maple Grove
Dist # 4, Apple Grove
Dist # 5, Sugar Bush
Dist # 6, Mayking

Historical Railroad Locations
Tramway
Western Siding
Wisconsin & Northern Phlox Branch
Wisconsin & Northern RR

Historical Lumber Companies
Mattoon Mfg. Co.
Red River Mfg. Co.
PARRISH
Created Nov 13, 1889
Vacated Jan 25, 1899
Recreated Nov 13, 1923.
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Irwin
Parrish
Parrish Junction

Historical Schools
Cons Dist # 1, Parrish

Historical Railroad Locations
Wolf & Wisconsin (Logging) RR Branch from Pratt Junction

Historical Lumber Companies
Brooks & Ross Lumber Co.
Hurlbutt-Tillman Lumber Co.
Parrish Lumber Co.
Prairie River Lumber Co.
PECK
Created Jan 28, 1891
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Morley
Ormsby
Vaughn
Wilbur?

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Badger
Jt Dist # 1, Kempster
Dist # 2, Beck
Dist # 3, Friebel
Dist # 3, Hawley
Dist # 4, Ackley
Dist # 4, Blue Bell
Dist # 4, Maltby
Dist # 5, Rosedale
Dist # 6, Ormsby
Dist # 7, Pine River

Historical Railroad Locations
Honzicks Spur to Ormsby (C&NW)

Historical Lumber Companies
Northern Woodland Lumber Co.
Ormsby Land & Timber Co.
PELICAN
Historical Town
Created Dec 13, 1883
Vacated and attached to Forest Co. Apr 11, 1885
Named was changed to Pelican Lake
on Mar 27, 1890. Later town was attached to Oneida County and again named Pelican.
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Gagen
Jennings
Pelican Lake
Pratt Junction
Uniontown/Monico
POLAR
Created Feb 19, 1881
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Clark?
Polar/Muller's Lake/Mueller's Lake/Sylvan Lake

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Schuman
Dist # 2, Highland
Dist # 3, Franklin
Dist # 4 Polar
Dist # 5, Edison
Dist # ?, Lincoln
Dist # 7, Clark

Historical Railroad Locations
Mullar Spur (C&NW)

Historical Lumber Companies
T.D. Kellogg Lumber & Mfg. Co.
Webster Mfg. Co.
PRICE
Created Dec 13, 1883
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Bryant
Drexell/Kent
Hoxie?
Malcolm
Sherry Junction

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Malcolm
Jt Dist # 1, Kent
Dist # 2, Bryant
Dist # 3, Price/Green Valley

Historical Railroad Locations
Gilmans Spur
Malcom Siding
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber (Logging) RR
Sherry Junction
Wolf River Branch Line (MLS&W) (C&NW)

Historical Lumber Companies
Antigo Mfg. Co.
Davis Brothers Lumber Co.
Endre Norem Lumber Co.
Henry Sherry Lumber Co.
ROLLING
Created Dec 16, 1880 in Shawano Co.
Attached to Langlade Co.
Feb 19, 1881as Milltown
Split from Norwood Apr 15, 1881
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Elmhurst
Eric's Sawmill
Rolling
Strassburg

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Hillside
Dist # 2, Strassburg
Dist # 3, Sunnyside
Dist # 4, Fernwood
Dist # 5, Elmhurst
Dist # 6, Pine Grove

Historical Railroad Locations
C&NW Ashland Division Line
Elmhurst Depot
MLS&W RR Line
Tramway

Historical Lumber Companies
Frost Veneer Seating Co.
Mattoon Lumber Co.
J.S. Wunderlich & Sons
SPRINGBROOK,
CARPENTER, & LANGLADE

Historical Towns
These three towns were created Nov 13, 1879 by the Shawano County Board. When "New" County was created it was placed under the jurisdictional control of Shawano County. The Shawano County Board created these three towns which were represented by town chairman on the Shawano Board. These towns were also used as enumeration districts on the 1880 Federal Census. The exact list of townships in each town is not known. The Springbrook name was changed to "Antigo" on Feb 19, 1881 when the first Langlade County Board created the six original towns of Antigo, Carpenter, Gagen, Norwood, Polar, and Rolling.
SUMMIT
Created on Feb 28, 1886
2nd source: Feb 3, 1886
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Bavaria

Historical Schools
Dist # 1& #5 Sleeply Hollow
Dist # 2, Sunny Slope
Cons. District # 2, Parrish
Dist # 3, Rocky Glenn
Dist # 4, Callsen
Dist # 5 & # 1, Sleeply Hollow

Historical Railroad Locations
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber (Logging) RR

Historical Lumber Companies
Frazer Lumber Co.
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber Co.
Prairie River Lumber Co.
UPHAM
Created Nov 16, 1894
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Bass Lake
Koepenick
Summit Lake

Historical Schools
Con Dist # 1 Summit Lake
Jt. Dist # 2, Brown Bear/Shanks
Dist # 6, Koepenick
Dist # 7, Forest
Dist # 8, Whittier

Historical Railroad Locations
Bass Lake Branch Line (C&NW)
C&NW Ashland Division Line
Koepenick Depot?
MLS&W RR Line
Summit Lake Depot

Historical Lumber Companies
Paine/a.k.a. Langlade Lumber Co.
Tigerton Lumber Co.
VILAS
Created Nov 11, 1886
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Casper/Kasper

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, Liberty Bell
Dist # 2, Good Luck
Dist # 3, Forest View
Dist # 4, Elmwood

Historical Railroad Locations
C&NW Logging Branch from Lumberton/Heinemann to Casper & North

Historical Lumber Companies
B. Heinemann Lumber Co.
Had numerous logging camps.
WOLF RIVER
Created Nov 10, 1886 as Elton
Named changed to Wolf River
on Apr 22, 1925
Wikipedia Reference

Historical Communities
Culver
Dobbston/Markton
Evans' Mill
Hollister/Nine Mile Creek/Ehlinger
Langlade
Van Ostrand
White Lake
Stopping Places

Historical Schools
Dist # 1, White Lake
Dist # 4, Langlade/Wolf River
Dist # 5, Markton
Dist # 6, Hollister

Historical Railroad Locations
Crandon Junction
Hollister Junction
Jones Spur
Morse & Tradewell Lumber Co. (Logging) RR
Oconto Co. (Logging) RR
Wallrich Spur
White Lake Depot
Wisconsin & Northern RR Line (Soo RR)
Wolf River Branch Line (MLS&W) (C&NW)
Wolf River Valley Junction
Yawkey-Bissell (Logging) RR

Historical Lumber Companies
Anderson & Wallrich Lumber Co.
Campbell Lumber Co.
Menasha Wooden Ware Co.
Morse & Tradewell Lumber Co.
Oconto Lumber Co.
Yawkey-Bissell Lumber Co.

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