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2 Other Studies

3 Safe

4 Laboratory

5 Sample

6 Results

7 Interpretation

8 Characteristics

9 Coordinator

10 Participate

11 Deutsch






It would be easy if we all had an identical haplotype.    However, that is not the case. 


As we gather more participants – and the probability of more or varied haplotypes, we will seek the assistance of the cadre of knowledgeable amateur and professional researchers for possible interpretations of the results.  It will be exciting to see which of the research questions on page 8 have answers.   We will likely get strong clues about some national origins - - and of course, as in most research projects, we will generate more interesting questions!


There is always a possibility that an individual participant could get test results different than expected.   Samples [haplotypes] that vary by many markers from the other groups may do so for a number of reasons. One possibility is that they represent distinct lines either older or younger than the currently observed most frequent line.


Another is that there has been a Anon‑paternal event@ at an unknown past time. There are several possible types of non‑paternal event in addition to a pregnancy gained outside of a marriage. For example, a child may be adopted and given the CORRELL name; a man may take the CORRELL name when he marries a CORRELL daughter; a CORRELL man may marry a pregnant woman whose husband has died; a couple where the wife is the CORRELL may choose to give their children the CORRELL name for various reasons; clerical error in recording administrative data may assign a CORRELL name to the wrong person, and so on.


It should be remembered that adoptions [formal or informal] were quite common in every age (i.e.. parents died by disease or war and a relative took in the children and raised them with their name; or young daughters had a child out of wedlock and the parents raised it as their own).


Some may not want to see a result indicating a Anon‑paternal event@ but we are all legal CORRELLs/ KORELLs/ etc. and a small sample size could be misleading. One may get a DNA sequence which suggests a Anon‑paternal event@ but - - - - they could be of the original blood CORRELL/ CORYELL line.  For example: Twenty people are tested and 19 are very similar but the last is clearly different. It could turn out that the 19 descend from the same person 300 years ago and this person was an adopted CORRELL while the other is of the original blood line going back 800 years.


Expect to have lots of fun interpreting our family connections and origins!


No one will loose his “Cousinship” due to having a different haplotype.   It will just deepen the mystery!