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The Regarde Bien

Issue No. 9

The Mullikine Coat of Arms of 1566

I would like in this article to partly re-trace my steps with a view to bringing those who are perhaps unclear about the origins of the Milliken/Milligan arms up to date on recent research. Scottish heraldry can be a minefield in terms of trying to identify the origins of a particular coat of arms and as you will undoubtedly have realised by now, the Milliken/Milligan arms fall well within this category. There is simply a dearth of information and what does exist often provides little more than a surname to identify the arms themselves. Furthermore, it is one thing to speak about a coat of arms in heraldic terms, but without seeing the original escutcheon (the shield itself on which arms are emblasoned) it can all mean very little. I hope this problem for us has now been remedied. With the help of a local librarian and photographer, I have been able to obtain a copy of the original Mullikine escutcheon depict in the Workman Manuscript of 1566.

As mentioned before, a copy of the original Mullikine shield was reproduced in facsimile by Robert R. Stodard in his book Scottish Arms: Being A Collection of Armorial Bearing AD. 1370-1678, published in 1881. This copy is reproduced below:

In the original, the shield is slightly smaller, it is approximately 30 mm by 30 mm and like the rest it is depict in simple form. I have never been fully clear as to how the Mullikine shield is described in blazon or heraldic terms, at least not until Mrs. Roads, Clerk to the Lord Lyon, produced a manuscript compiled at the hand of James Pont, brother of the famous Scottish geographer Timothy Pont, which describes this shield as "Ar. three demi lions gu. issuing out of the water ppr.". "Ar." is an abbreviation of the heraldic term "Argent", which means "Silver", the colour used in the background or field. The three demi lions are painted in the colour "gu" = "gules", in other words, the colour red. The abbreviation "ppr." is for the word "proper". Thus the water is depict in it's proper or natural colour of blue. Pontís manuscript is the first important clue in the trail to unearth the origins of the Mullikine coat of arms depict above. His manuscript opens with the follow title:
A Note of the Arms of the Nobility of Scotland
Set down in order as they ride at Parliament
Also the Arms of the wholle
Surnames in Scotland
exactly blazoned in their perfect
collours and done in or of Alphabit
Collected by James Pont A.D. 1624

In the Alphabetical Section that covers the Surnames of Scotland, the following notes are given:

Arg. Three demi lions gu. issuing out of water ppr.
aliter: Arg. A sea wave in fess & one in the base az, three demi lions rampant issuant gu.

A copy of James Pontís manuscript is held in the National Library of Scotland, but as I learned to my own disappointment it is no match on the original. It is called "Lyon Register" (Ref. Ad. 53. 3. 7) and dated 1893 by an unknown hand. After listing all the arms of the major Nobles of Scotland, it opens with a second section which is given as follows, and only lists one Mulliken description:

Nobles Minor that is
Knights, Esquires & Ordinary Gentlemen
also the arms of all the distinct families in Scotland
in proper terms of blazon by Jas. Pont.

Mullikin bearth, A. two barres waved Az. And three demy lyons rampant issuant G.

I have included the 1893 copy of Pontís original manuscript, which is preserved in the Lord Lyonís Office in Edinburgh, to highlight the obvious inconsistencies that often lead to later mistakes. It will be noted that in Pontís original manuscript two descriptions are given, whereas the 1893 only gives one. It will be also observed that Pont uses the Latin word "alite(r)", which I understand means Ďotherwise, in another way, in a different fashioní, to indicate that the second blazon is otherwise the same as the first, but with slight differences. It is evident the 1566 Arms had been slightly refined by 1624, with the ĎWaterí more fully described as being ĎA sea waving in fess (drawn across the field, just above the center) and one in the base. This is the same description as that given in the next important source which is found in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland:

[Feb. 1741] Major James of Milliken bears Argent, three demi-lions rampant Gules, issuing out of two bars waved Azure, two out of the uppermost and one out of the undermost. Crest: A demi-lion. Motto: REGARDE BIEN (not included in the Register but shown in the funeral escutcheon).

The description given in the 1741 coat of arms, allowed to Major James Milliken of Milliken, is much fuller than that given in Pontís early manuscript, but both are essentially the same (a copy of the Majorís shield is given at the top of this webpage). The two bars waved (as in the 1893 copy) one in the uppermost and one in the undermost, is the same as saying 'a sea waving in fess and one in the base'. It is evident then that the arms allowed to Major James Milliken in 1741 are the same as those depict in Pontís manuscript of 1624 under the surname of Mulliken. Both the 1624 and 1741 heraldic descriptions, as far as I can determine, are the earliest authentic descriptions to the ancient and noble arms of Mullikine. From the outset, one of the primary aims of my research has been to establish the name of the original bearer of the 1566 Coat of Arms. There are several important clues, one of which is based on the Majorís paternal lineage (see Issue 7), and this coupled with several others, increasingly point to the 1566 Mullikine Arms being borne by John Amuligane alias Mullikine of Blackmyre.

The Millikins of Ayrshire

In Issue 7, I began a series of articles related to the "Ms" of Ayrshire, where the surname is on the whole distinctly pronounced as "Millikin" during the 1600s. In 1690, the Scottish Parliament authorised the collection of 14 shillings Scot to be levied on every hearth in the kingdom, except on the poor, to help fund the campaign against the Jacobites. Many of the original collectorís rolls have survived and provide one of the earliest comprehensive listing of names per head of household. It is generally accepted, though, that there was a certain amount of under-recording in the hearth rolls as some landowners where keen to avoid paying too much tax. A large number of the original hearth rolls for Ayrshire have survived and have been recently published in a book entitled The Hearth Tax for Ayrshire 1691, produced under the editorship of Robert Urquhart & Rob. Close. I have acquired a copy of the book and list below the names of those "Ms", who appear by district and then parish. The are three districts in Ayrshire, Cunningham, Kyle and Carrick.

The District of Kyle
Parish of Ayr
Thomas Millikin ...... 5 hearths

Parish of New & Old Cumnock
Milligen Smith ..... 2 hearths
John Milligen ...... 1 hearth

Parish of Riccarton
John Mullikin in Blair ..... 1 hearth

Parish of Mauchline
Alexander Milkland [Millikin] ...... 2 hearths

Parish of Ochiltree
Alexander Millikin ..... 1 hearth
Patrick Murdoch & John Millikin ..... 3 hearths

The District of Cunningham
Parish of Kilmarnock
Robert Milliken ..... 2 hearths

Parish of Irvine Baillie (James) Millikin ..... 5 hearths

The District of Carrick
There are no "Ms" listed in the 1691 hearth rolls for the district of Carrick.

Most of the men listed above are surprisingly also named in the Church of Scotland parish registers, which have been indexed. I have had all the baptismal and marriage entries listed in the old parish indexes relating to Ayrshire, covering the 1600s, examined in the oringal microfilm copies held at the General Registry Office by Mrs. Mowat, a professional genealogist. The parish of Kilmarnock has registers dating from 1640, Ochiltree from 1642, Irvine from 1645, Ayr from 1664, Mauchline from 1670, Riccarton from 1695, whilst Old Cumnock from 1704 and New Cumnock from 1706. I have already covered the family of Thomas Millikin merchant burgess of Ayr. In this issue, I list below the names of those "Ms" researched in the baptismal and marriage registers of Ochiltree between 1642 and 1800.

Parish of Ochiltree 1644 - 1800
Baptism of Bessie daughter to John Millikin in Bardaray on May 20, 1644.
Marriage of Alexander Millikin and Agnes Wight on Jan. 18. 1648.
Baptism of Christian daughter of John Millikin in Bardaray on Aug. 18, 1650.
Baptism of Mary daughter of Alexander Millikin in Knockshiffnock on Mar. 16, 1651.
Baptism of Jonet daughter of John Millikin in Bardaray on July 16, 1653.
Baptism of John son to Alexander Millikin in Knockshiffnock on Nov. 25, 1654.
Baptism of Margaret daughter of Alexander Millikin in Knockshiffnock on Nov. 6, 1661.
Baptism of John son to James Millikin in Pynstayan on Nov. 29, 1663.
Baptism of Jonet daughter to Alexander Millikine in Knockshiffnock on Apr. 10, 1664.
Baptism of Jonet daughter to James Millikin in Pynstayn on Feb. 5, 1665.
Baptism of James son to James Millikine in Pynstayn on Jan. 20, 1667.
Marriage of Margaret Millikine and John Thom (sic. Tame) on Feb. 11, 1669.
Baptism of William son to James Millikine in Pynstayn on Feb. 12, 1671.
Marriage of Christian Millikine and George McAdam on Nov. 28, 1672.
Marriage of Alexander Millikine and Jonet Kay on Dec. 12, 1672.
Baptism of John son to Alexander Millikine in Bardarving on Jan. 25, 1674.
Baptism of James son to Alexander Millikine in Hindsyde? on May 24, 1676.
Baptism of Jean & Marion (twins) daughters to James Millikine in Pynstayn on May 9, 1677.
Marriage of John Millikine and Jonet Wight on Jan. 31, 1678.
Baptism of Jonet daughter lawful to Alexander Millikine in Drumfadan on Apr. 14, 1678.
Baptism of Jean daughter lawful to James Millikine in Pynstayn on Mar. 9, 1679.
Baptism of John son lawful to John Millikine in Knockshiftnay on May 4, 1679.
Baptism of Robert son lawful to Alexander Millikine in Drumfadon on Mar. 21, 1680.
Baptism of William son lawful to John Millikine in Knockshiftnay on Mar. 27, 1681.
Baptism of Robert son lawful to James Millikine in Pynstinyan on Aug. 10, 1681.
Baptism of Alexander son lawful to John Millikine in Knockshiftnay on Dec. 24, 1682.
Baptism of Marion daughter lawful to Alexander Millikine in Polynhan on Apr. 27, 1684.
Marriage of Mary Millikine and John Wilson on Sept. 2, 1685.
Baptism of Agnes daughter lawful to John Milliken portioner in Dalrymple on Oct. 30, 1687.
Baptism of Jean daughter lawful to Alexander Milliken in Drumsmydan on Nov. 20, 1687.
Baptism of James Milliken son natural to James Milliken in Carnock (or Cumnock) being presented by Bessie Din mother of the child born in fornication in regard the said James was under the sin of incest with said Bessie his sister and the said Bessie herself having given public satisfaction for her fornication was absolved on Mar. 26, 1693.
Marriage of John Millikin and Janet Murdoch on June. 22, 1693.
Baptism of James lawful son to John Millikine in Dam on May 28, 1699.
Baptism of John lawful son to John Millikine in Dam on July 5, 1702.
Marriage of James Milliken and Christian Anderson on Aug. 24, 1703.
Marriage of Thomas Milliken and Margaret Blair on Dec. 18, 1705.
Baptism of Jean lawful daughter to James Milliken in the Townhead of Ochiltree on Jan. 22. 1710.
Baptism of James lawful son of James Milliken in Pyperhill on May 5, 1715.
Baptism of James lawful son of Thomas in Luilkiestown on June 24, 1716.
Baptism of John lawful son to James Milliken in Stilliestown July 29, 1727.
Baptism of James lawful son to James Milliken in Stilliestown on Jan. 8, 1730.
Baptism of Thomas lawful son to James Milliken in Stilliestown on Oct. 10, 1732.
Baptism of Janet lawful daughter to John Milliken in Penstamlie on Jan. 26, 1734.
Baptism of Janet lawful daughter to James Milliken in Pool on Jan 5, 1735.
Baptism of James lawful son to John Milliken in Penstamby on Feb. 25, 1736.
Baptism of John lawful son to John Milliken in Penstamby on Mar. 12, 1738.
Baptism of James son of James Millikin in Whitestoun on Dec. 31, 1758.
Baptism of Jannet daughter of James Millikin in Whitestoun on Jan. 25, 1761.
Baptism of Adam lawful son of John Millikin in Pyperhill on Nov. 7, 1761.
Baptism of John lawful son of James Milliken in Greenside on July -, 1766.

[General Registry Office: Ochiltree 1642-1800, OPR 609/1-2]

Testament of Janet Murdoch spouse of John Milliken in Bardaroch
Testament dative of Janet Murdoch who died in January 1671 and given up by her husband John Mulliken in Bardaroch within the parish of Ochiltree, as executor dative.

Inventory: two cows, two horses, two bolls corn, one boll bear, the furniture and household goods plus her clothes ..... £29.
Debts owing out: to John Ritchmond of Caldarroch of rent and dues the said year ..... £48.
Debts owing in: none.
So the debts exceed the goods.
The cautionerís name is not given and no children are mentioned.

[Commissariot of Glasgow, registered Oct. 3, 1671, (NAS), CC9/7/38]

The Milligans of Dumfriesshire

In the early issues of the Regarde Bien, I set out the origins of the "Ms" in Scotland as it appears in the ancient records and which trace the origins of the Surname to an earlier date in the district of Nithsdale in Dumfriesshire. By the end of the 1600s, the surname Milligan and variant forms emerge as one of the most common surnames in Nithsdale. Unfortunately, in terms of genealogy, Dumfriesshire like Galloway is poorly represented for Church of Scotland parish registers prior to 1700. We are almost solely dependent on the records located in National and Private archives. Dumfriesshire is comprised of two districts known as Nithsdale and Annandale; the former contained 15 parishes and the latter, 32 parishes. In this issue, I begin a series of articles related to the "Ms" of Dumfriesshire and Galloway (the ancient name given to the counties of Wigtonshire & Kirkcudbrightshire) and start with the 1691 hearth rolls. But first, it is important to note the earliest dates for which there are baptismal and marriage registers surviving for each parish in the district of Nithsdale.

District of Nithsdale
Dumfries (1605), Holywood (1687), Glencairn (1693), Morton (1693), Sanquhar & Wanlockhead (1693), Kirkmahoe (1720), Keir (1722), Penpont (1728), Tynron (1742), Kirkconnel (1742), Caerlaverock (1749), Durrisdeer (1753), Closeburn (1765) and Dunscore (1777).

Only two parishes have records pre-dating the 1691 hearth tax and of these only the parish of Dumfries has registers dating from 1605. In respect to the heart tax rolls of Dumfriesshire, they nearly all survive with three almost identical copies preserved in the National Archives of Scotland. Of the rolls themselves, the first copy dates from 1691 and has been published by Duncan Adamson in the Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society. I have extracted all the "M" references and include them below. It will be noted under the list for the burgh of Dumfries, that three different variant forms appear, namely, Milligane, Millican and Millikine. Duncan Adamson remarks that in the town of Dumfries itself, the rolls where compiled by five different "hands", one for each of the townís Quarters [local districts within the town]. As it is known that all the families listed spelt their name as Milligan, it is interesting to observe how interchangeable the "M" surname was in Dumfries at that time. The number of hearths per household are given in brackets

Hearth Tax Rolls - 1691
Burgh of Dumfries Cross Quarter:- Robert Milligane (2).
Kirkgate Quarter:- Heugh Millican (1), John Millican (1).
Townhead Quarter:- Janet Millikine (1), James Millikine (1).

Note: Adamson remarks that in Dumfries "there were two comparatively wealthy areas, Lochmaben and Cross Quarters. An analysis of the quarters shows that Lochmaben quarter had by far the smallest proportion of single hearths, while most big houses (over three hearths) were in the Cross Quarter. In the Townhead and Kirkgate Quarters 71% of the houses had single hearth.

Parish of Holywood
Cowhill:- Andrew Millicane (1) [tenant of John Maxwell of Barshill].
Holm:- Robert Milligain (poor tenant).

Parish of Dunscore
Robert Milligane for himself part of Dempsterston (1); his tenants, John Maxwell there (1) Robert Milligan in Newtounhead (1).

Parish of Closeburn
Townhead of Auchenleck:- Thomas Milligan (1).
Newtoun Mains:- John Milligan (1).
[Dressertland?]:- Jo. Milligan & Jo. Mcclug (Mcclyge), cottars (2).
Townhead of Closeburn:- John Milligan, weaver (1).
Greenknow:- John Milligan (1).
Gate [of Closeburn]:- Jo. Milligane (2).
Longcroft:- Jo. Milligan (1).

Parish of Keir and Dalgarnock
Know:- James Milligane (1).
Nethertoun:- John Milligane (1).
B?yrnershank (Turnershank):- Cuthbert Milligan (1).
Broomland:- William Milligan (1).
John Milligan (poor tenant).

Parish of Glencairn
Mainly a statistical list of hearths.

Parish of Tynron
Auchengibbert:- William Kerr & Wm. Milligane (2).
Croglin:- Robert Milligan, cottar (1).

Parish of Penpont
Mccalstoune:- Isabell Milligane (1).
Little Green (Grennan):- Janet Milligane (1).
Clauchan:- Thomas Milligane (1).
Horres:- John Milligane (1), Mary & Agnes Milligane (1).
Nether Bagrahill:- Peter Laurie & Isabell Milligane (2).
Glenskeubine:- Jo. Mcclige & James Milligane (2).
Craigbow:- Wm. Hovitt & James Milligane (2).
Glengour:- Janet Milligane (1).

Parish of Morton
Burn:- Alexander Milligan (1).
Bush:- George Milligan (1).
Morton:- Wm. Milligan & Heugh Douglas (2).
Thornhill:- Gilbert Milligan & George Scotlo, younger (2).
Goat Fraeboor:- James Milligan (2).
[All tenants to the Duke of Queensberry]

Parish of Durisdeer
Scorgiehill:- John Milligan & Wm. Carson (2) [tenants to the Duke of Queensberry] James Milligane (2) [tenant to George Douglas].

Parish of Sanquhar & Kirkconnel
Tour:- Patrick Milligane (2) [tenant to the Duke of Queensberry]
Town of Sanquhar:- Jean Milligan (1) Sara Millikine (1) & Thomas Milligan (1).

District of Annandale - 1691
Parish of Kirkmichael
Hardop:- Wm. Milligan (1) [tenant of Sir Robert Dalyell]

Parish of Gretna
Thomas Milligan & Jo. Milligan [tenants of Viscount Stormont]

Note: The parishes of Kirkmichael and Gretna, respectively, have baptismal and marriage registers dating from 1727 & 1730.

It is difficult to estimate the number of "Ms" living in Dumfriesshire by 1691, as the above list only includes the names of each head of household and not their families. Based on the names given there was approximately 47 families, a figure which is almost certainly a conservative estimate. The actual figure is probably better represented in the infamous deposition rolls of 1684 and the parish censuses, which give the names of individuals above the age of 12, that were published in that same year. These list the names of thousands of parishioners in Dumfriesshire who had been summon to appear before the Inquisition set up to suppress those who opposed the Test Act of 1681. It required that all office holders in the Church take an oath of loyalty to the Crown and acknowledge royal supremacy in all matters temporal and ecclesiastical. This resulted in the exclusion of hundreds of Presbyterian ministers from their Churches, for refusing to take the Test Act, and the increase in conventicles or field meetings.

For Scottish Presbyterianism, which had never wholly accepted the restoration of bishops in 1662, the imposition of the Test Act by the Privy Council of Scotland in 1681, under the direct influence of the equally infamous James VII, laid the basis for what would become known as the "killing times". It mainly covered the period 1682-88, when hundreds of ordinary men and women were either publicly executed or summarily shot by royal soldiers in the field, whilst others either perishing through starvation or were deported to Barbados. The movement towards to repression reached itís height in 1684, when judicial courts were set up to interrogate parishioners as to the whereabouts of known rebels of the State and to enforce the test act. The records relating to the 1684-5 Inquisition have largely survived and in the next issue, I hope to include the name of all those "Ms" who appear in the deposition papers covering Dumfriesshire.

Early Ms in County Londonderry

In issue 2, I noted that there were no "M" references in the 1663 hearth money rolls, a comment which I must now correct. In reading through my notes again, I came across a single reference that I had in advertently placed under the section dealing with Co. Antrim. Needless to say, I could kick myself as this record provides further proof as to the authenticity of the Coleraine tradition discussed at length in issue 3. I also list another 1600 document related to the estate of Sir Robert Maxwell of Orchardtoun in Kirkcudbrightshire, who through his wife, Marion, daughter of Sir Robert McClelland, Lord Kirkcudbright, acquired the manor of Ballycastle in Co. Londonderry.

Hearth Money Rolls 1663

Barony of Coleraine
Robert Mulligan in the parish of Errigal, one hearth.

The parish of Errigal lies in the old barony of Coleraine, next to the parish of Aghadowey.

[Source:- Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, T.307A]

Maxwell Papers

Ensign Henry Mullygan, mentioned in a list of adventures claiming land in Ireland in 1666, money paid to Sir Robert Maxwell knight at Ballycastle, Co. Londonderry - 0163. 09. 09.

[Source:- Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, T.640/104]

Note: The land leased to Henry Mulligan isnít defined, but may have been located in one of three manors owned by Sir Robert Maxwell, the manor of Ballycastle in the barony of Keenaght, and manors of Killowen & Articlave in the barony of Coleraine.

Robert Millikin of Ballyholm

Interred at Bangor Abbey, lies the body of Robert Millikin of Ballyholm in the parish of Bangor, County Down. He was born about the year 1638 and almost certainly the son of Quintin Millikin who served in the regiment of Hugh Montgomery, Viscount of Ards, in 1642. The Calendar-Nicholson Document[1] records a "memo of lease" between Henry Maxwell, jun., of Finebrogue in the parish of Downpatrick and Robert Millikine of Ballyholme" for 21 years from the 1st November 1693 for the Tuck Mill with all the water rights and 20 acres of land" in Ballyholm, the property already being in his possession and "belonging" thereto for a yearly rent of £7. 10s. Henry Maxwell was the son of Robert Maxwell son of Henry Maxwell and Jane Ecklin of Finnebrogue. Ballyholm was part of the Groomsport Estate, which became a Maxwell possession c.1692, when Robert Maxwell, son of the first Henry, purchased the land from Henry Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Clanbrassil.

Robert married Jannet Rea circa 1667 and by this marriage had eight children, four of whom survived childhood, Quintin, Mary, Robert and an unnamed daughter. Jannet predeceased her husband and died on 22nd February 1706 aged 61 years. Inscribed on her alter-tomb is the following epitaph, "Here lyth the body Iannet Ree, leat wife of Robert Milikin, of Belyholem, with whom she lived 40 years in maried state and bore his 8 children, three of which lyith here, viz:- Iohn Milikin aged 9 yers, Hennry aged 10 years & Iohn aged one year". Robert died on 28th April, 1712 aged 74 years, and was buried in a separate alter-tomb along side his late wife. He was a farmer and "cloathier of Balieholem", and evidently, a man of spiritual character as the following scripture is inscribed on his headstone and is taken from Job chapter 14, verses 11-12: "As the waters feal from the sea and the flouds decayeth and drayeth up, so man lyeth doun and riseth not until the Havens be no more. They shall not avake nor be raised out of there sleep".

Transcript of the Will of Robert Millikine, Ballyholm, 1712.

"I Robert Millikine of Belicoholem in the parish of Bangor cloathier ... do make my last Will and Testament" Ö

I order:-
"that the Covenant & condition of my part in the contract of marriage between my son Quintin and Marion Crymble be duly performed" Ö

I bequeath:-
to may said son Quintin £5.
to Robert the son of my son Quintin £50 & failing Robert to the other sons of my son Quintin, & failing them to his eldest daughter.
to my daughter Mary Clark £50.
to her son Robert £15 or failing this son Robert to her eldest daughter.
to my son-in-law Alexander Dunlop £3.
to Robert his son £12.
to my son-in-law John Ringland £12.
to Robert son of said John Ringland £12.
to my daughter-in-law wife of my son Robert Millikin of Belfast merchant £5 to by her mourning.
to my grandson son of said Robert Millikin merchant of Belfast at age of 21 years & failing him to his sister Jean Millikin.
All residue to son Robert Millikin of Belfast merchant.
Excutor:- son Robert Millikin of Belfast merchant.
Will dated 9 April, 1712.
Witnesses:- John Steele, George Ross, and John Clealand.
Probate to Exor. 28 May, 1712.
My Exor. Is to pay to Wm. Biggar & John Lucke 40/- for poor of Bangor, to my Landlady Margaret McMeechan in Donaghdea on guinea.

[Public Record Office of Northern Ireland: T.681/334]

Inventory of Wills

"Robert Millikine of Ballyholme, 9 April 1712, his son-in-law Alexander Dunlop & his son Robert witness. "John Steele" George Ross".

[Public Record Office of Northern Ireland: T.828/8]

Up to the nineteenth century, witnesses were normally related to the person making the will. It can be assumed, therefore, that John Steel, George Ross and John Cleland were relatives of Robert Millikin, and perhaps even business partners. Like Robert, they probably rented either a shop or house in Donaghadee from where they ran their business. John Steel of Donaghadee appears witnessing several wills at the turn of eighteenth century, whilst George Ross may be the same George Ross styled of Carney or Carney hill in the parish of Donaghadee. During the 1600s, the port of Donaghadee was an important crossing point between Ulster and Scotland, and usually the first point of disembarkation for thousands of Scots wishing to establish a new life in Ulster.

The old marriage register of First Killyleagh Presbyterian Church records the marriage of Mary Milliken and John Ringland by the Rev. Jas Bruce on 5th March, 1702[2]. If this is the same John Ringland, described as Robertís son-in-law, it is likely the church clerk may have mistaken his spouseís Christian name. The Tuck Mill and 20 acres land of Ballyholm passed to Robertís son, Quintin Millikin, born about 1664. He married Marion Crymble, possibly the grand-daughter of Waterhouse Crymble of Donaghadee, custom officer of that town between 1625 and 1649. Quintin was one of three creditors who in 1711 lodged an "Assignment of Mortgage" made by Patrick Savage of Portaferry for a loan of £500 received from John Montgomery, William Smith and Quintin Millikin of Ballyholm[3]. He died on 1st May 1734 at the age of 70 years.

Quintinís wife, Marion, "departed this life ye 4th of July 1729 aged 54 years" and was laid to rest in the same grave as her mother-in-law Jannet Rea. By his marriage to Marion, Quintin had several children, however, only the name of one has survived, namely Robert Millikin, who in 1729 paid the sum of £25.0.0. in rent for land in Ballyholme to the Henry Maxwell of Finebrogue[4]. By 1738, Robert Millikin had lost the Tuck Mill of Ballyholm to James Blackwood of Bangor, who according to an indenture of lease dated 12th March, 1738, held the Tuck Mill along with 23 acres of land from Robert Maxwell of Finebrogue[5]. It is evident, though, Robert continued to lease property in Ballyholm as he was still living there in 1739, when his name appears in a "Surrender of lease" between Robert Maxwell and William Nicholson of Ballow for certain lands in Ballyholm[6]; in this document Robert is listed as being a neighbouring farmer along with James Ward and James Nicolson.

Robert, second son of Robert Millikin of Ballyholm, became an established merchant in Belfast and one of a number of Commissioners who attended the General Synod of Ulster in 1708 to present a supplication for the erection of the Second Presbyterian Church in Belfast. He married first, Elizabeth, daughter of William Rainey of Belfast and Whitehouse, in 1702. It is possible Robert had served his apprenticeship under William Rainey[7]. Elizabeth evidently bore Robert children and was probably the mother of Robert and Jean mentioned in their grandfatherís will in 1712. The burial register of Rosemary Street Presbyterian Church in Belfast records the deaths of three unnamed children, a daughter buried 3rd January, 1713, a child on 9th February, 1715, and another on 24th April, 1717[8]. After Elizabethís death, he married secondly, Abigail, the daughter of John Young, another Belfast merchant.

Abigailís mother, Mary Hutcheson, was the youngest daughter of Alexander Hutcheson, minister of Saintfield Presbyterian Church and son of George Hutcheson of Monkton in Ayrshire[9]. Alexander's eldest daughter, Beatrice, married Hugh Wallace of Ballyobikin and Ravara, whilst his only son John Hutcheson was minister of Downpatrick 1690-7 and Armagh 1697-1729. Sometime between 1706-09, Abigailís father, John Young, purchased the lands of Listooder and Ballydian in the parish of Kilmore, County Down, from the trustees for the estate of Sir Hans Hamilton of Monella in county Armagh. Beside Abigail, her father had another daughter, called Jane, who married Gilbert McTeer, and five sons Alexander, Hugh, Charles, Robert, and James Young; the latter married Jane Millikin, probably a cousin of Robert Millikin of Belfast. By a deed dated 16th October, 1728, James Young of Belfast merchant and Jane Young alias Milliken his wife, sold to the Rev. Samuel Hutchinson of Ballygraffan in the parish of Ballyhalbert, county of Down, the lands of Fishers Quarter lying in the barony of Ards, together with the parsonage and rectoral of the said lands of Fisher Quarter[10].

By an Indenture of Lease dated 9th April, 1706, granted by George and Thomas Mankin, Robert Millikin, junior, came to possess a tenement situated on the High street in Belfast, which he later sold for £60 to Isaac McCartney, merchant of Belfast, in 1716. By a deed conveying this property, Robert signed himself "Robert Milikin" and had as his witnesses William Rainey, jun., and James Hamilton both merchants of Belfast[11]. He was still living in Belfast five years later, when as "Robert Milikin of Belfast" he confirmed this grant to Isaac McCartney by a memorial of deed poll dated 21st March, 1721[12]. Off his business, only one receipt is known to exist and is found in the Earl of Donegalís account book, which notes a payment to Robert Milikin for £27. 12 s. 10d. "as per his account" in 1710[13]. He appears to have had several children, however, only the names of three are known, Robert and Jean already mentioned, and William, who was bequeathed a certain sum of money in the will of his maternal grandfather John Young dated 29th August, 1722.

It is evident from the earliest records related to the Millikins of Ballyholm, they were a respectable family of farming stock, who ran a clothierís (tailors) business. There is a gap in the records relating to them, which covers most of the mid 1700s. By the time they re-emerge from obscurity towards the end of the century, we find them using the variant forms of Millican/Milligan, a pattern fairly typical of other families. Within the first few decades of the 1800s, the last of the "Ms" of Ballyholm and Donaghadee had emigrated, presumably, to North America or Britain. It is probably fair to say that were it not for the records of their names found in the local church registers and estate papers, we would almost certainly never have know of their existence. I have often wondered if perhaps, Charles Milliken styled of Orange Co., North Carolina, in G. T. Ridlonís book, belonged to a branch of this family. This man named his children: Robert, James, Charles, George, Quintin and Jenny, all names peculiar to the Millikins of Ballyholm.

1. Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI), D. 447/2
2. PRONI. Mic. 1P/53
3. PRONI. D552/B/1/101.
4. PRONI:T1023/246.
5. Registry of Deeds: [...]/66093
6. PRONI:T1023/21.
7. Agnew, Jean: Belfast Merchant Families in the Seventeenth Century (1996), p. 252.
8. PRONI. CR.4/5/1
9. Fasti of the Irish Presbyterian Church 1613-1840, p. 40-41.
10. Registry of Deeds: Ref.: 58/191/39155
11. ditto, Ref: 17/404/9243
12. ditto, Ref: 40/293/25883
13. ditto, T. 455/1-2/63.

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September, 2000.