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The Regarde Bien

Issue No. 8

News Update

It is over a year since the first Issue of the Regarde Bien was produced in April 1999. Since then, there have been a number of important developments, which we would like to mention for the benefit of those interested in "M" research. For the first time, there is now an almost complete Surnames Index to the Rev. G. T. Ridlonís book on the various families bearing the surnames of Milliken, Millikan, Mullikin, Milligan and Millican in North America and which, is now available on RootsWeb. This invaluable search aid has been put together by Mike MILLIKEN of Harrisburg PA whose Index can be searched on the webpage given below. For those interested in the early family history of James Mullikin I of Patuxent in Maryland, our readers will also find the webpage of Harvey MULLIKIN of interest. This has been an encouraging development which we would like to see continued.

G T Ridlon Database

Webpage of Harvey Mullikin

It has become increasingly apparent both to Don and myself, that there are a number of specific family groups currently being researched, which at another level could also be developed in order to provide an open forum for discussion or at least, update bulletins on research. There already exist two important genealogical forums that provide web space for messages etc., "Genforum" and "Family History", however, neither provide sufficient web space for family histories. It had been our intention to go ahead with a gathering this October to discuss such issues, however, this will now have to wait until next Easter. Don is still recovering from treatment for cancer and I have had to use up most of my holiday cover for other things this year. In the meantime, it would be helpful perhaps if other people who have their own webpages might wish to develop one for the use of their particular family group, which can be made accessible to other interested parties, especially for the surnames of Milliken, Millican and Milligan.

Thomas Millikin
Merchant-burgess in the Burgh of Ayr

The arrival of Thomas Millikin in 1665 from the little port of Ballywalter in the Ards Peninsula in Co. Down coincides with the return of a number of prominent Ayrshire men, who during the Cormwellian occupation, had prudently took their business abroad. As already indicated in the previous articles, Thomas was almost certainly a junior of member of the old House of Blackmyre, though, exactly how his relationship is traced still remains at present unclear. He was already an established merchant in Ballywalter, prior to his removal to Ayr, and was married to the daughter of John Moore alias Muir, a tobacco planter in the Island of Barbados as early as 1649, an ex-patriot and merchant burgess of Ayr. It is reasonable to assume, that Thomasís father had also been a merchant and as custom dictated, he would have been sent by his father to serve his apprenticeship as a merchant, usually with a one of his fatherís business partners. The marriage to Jane or Jean Moor, suggests he probably served his apprenticeship with John Moore, also a ship owner.

Thomas soon became a prominent figure within the burgh council, first as itís treasurer and then baillie (a resident magistrate), an office that he held for many years. Quite a number of documents survive relating to his business activities and official duties, and reveal an extensive network of trade that stretched from the City of Edinburgh, south as far as the town of Stranraer in Wigtonhsire. From the custom and excise books we know he was importing and exporting goods to Europe and the Caribbean and like other merchants of his day, he worked in partnership with other burgh merchants. This helped offset the high costs of shipping, and the risk of loss due to piracy or bad weather at sea, when many a ship was suck in a storm. We can gauge the extent of Thomas trade by the names of his partners, such a John & Samuel Moore, Alexander Campbell, Robert Dook and James Marr, merchants in Ayr.

Children of Thomas Millikin & Jean/Jane Moore
John Millikin, born circa 1664. See Next Generation
Katherine Millikin, born Sept. 4, & bapt. Sept. 27, 1666.
Jonat Millikin, born June 27, & bapt. July 2, 1671.
Samuel Millikin, born June 24 & bapt. 13 (sic.), 1673.
James Millikin, born Apr. 28, & bapt. May 9, 1675.
William Millikin born June 3, & bapt. June 11, 1676.
Margaret Millikin born Sept. 15, & bapt. Sept. 23, 1677.
Jean Millikin, born Mar. 31, & Apr. 6, 1679.

Thomas outlived his first wife, Jean Moore, the mother of all his children, and married secondly Jean Crawford, the sister of Hugh Crawford merchant of Ayr, in 1683. He died ten years later in 1693, leaving his eldest son John Millikin to continue the family business. There is no record of Johnís birth or baptism, but as his father appears to have been admitted burgess directly from Ballywalter in 1665, it is more than likely he was born in Ireland. John married the Agnes Moore, eldest lawful daughter of deceased John Moore of Monkwood in the parish of Maybole on 26th January, 1693, and was admitted burgess and guild brother of Ayr on 3rd September, 1694. According to the notaryís entry in the burgh council records, John was the "only lawful son of the late Thomas Milliken late baillie", indicating that by 1694 he was his fatherís sole surviving son and heir, the rest having died, or the only lawful son left in Ayr. In the customs and excises books of Ayr, there is record of John Milliken, master of the Swan of Ayr, who arrived in Ayr on 27th September 1691 from the Caribbean Island with a cargo of goods.

Children of John Millikin and Agnes Moore
Thomas Millikin, born Nov. 3, & bapt. Nov. 12, 1693.
Agnes Millikin, born Aug. 14, & bapt. Sept. 1, 1695.
James Millikin, born April 11, & bapt. April 22, 1697.
Jean Millikin, born Jan. 8, & bapt. Jan. 19, 1699.
John Millikin, born Nov. 1, & bapt. Nov. 17, 1700.

In 1700, after a protracted court case, John Millikin styled merchant and burgess of Ayr received a royal charter, granted under the Great Seal of Scotland on January 10, 1700, for the lands of Nether Culzean in the parish of Maybole. As yet, I have not had time to commission a search of the original High Court documents related to his case, nor the original charter, but it would appear John acquired the right to the lands of Nether Culzean through a relation on his wifeís side. With the acquisition of Nether Culzean in 1700, and the baptism of his son John by the end of the year, the Millikins literally disappear from the Ayr records, leaving us to speculate as to what became of this family, as there is no definite proof to indicate that John actually took up possession of the lands of Nether Culzean. For nearly half a century the Millikins had been prominent merchants in the burgh of Ayr, their sudden disappearance by 1701 then, for me, leaves many unanswered questions. For example, did they emigrate to North America or did they simply move back to Ireland, where there are a several possible connections.

Early Ms in County Down

Of County Down it can be truly said that to this day it remains the "M" heartland of Ulster and yet, for the 1600s it is the least well documented. Between the taking of the 1642 muster rolls of County Down (see Issue 6) and the tithe applotment survey nearly two hundred years later, there are huge gaps in terms of records. All the hearth money rolls for the 1660s and with few exceptions, the religious surveys of 1740 & 1766 were destroyed in 1922, and of the 1660 Poll Tax returns, these are simply a statistical return. This loss has deprived us of four of the most important genealogical sources and left a huge gap that one can scarcely bridge. There are 71 parishes covering the County and of these, the earliest only date from 1683. Comber Church of Ireland has baptismal, marriage and burial registers from 1683, whilst Hillsborough Church of Ireland has registers from 1686 (with gaps), Magheralin from 1692 and Donaghcloney from 1697. The earliest Presbyterian registers begin with Killyleagh, from 1693 onwards, whilst Portaferry and Drumbo date from 1699 onwards. To this list of churches we must add St. Thomasís Church of Ireland and the First Presbyterian Church in Lisburn, which also covers that part of the parish of Blaris which lies in County Down (see Issue 7).

Early Traditions related to County Down

Two of the oldest "M" traditions related to Ireland find their origins in Co. Down and for the purposes of this article, are known as the Banbridge and Ballyskeagh traditions. In the first, the ancestor of the Mulligans of Banbridge are said to have "descended from two brothers of the name of Millikin who during the inter-racial broils of Scotland emigrated to Ireland and landed at Bangor in Co. Down, one brother moved into the Ards peninsula and the other directed his course towards Belfast and settled in that neighbourhood and after sometime married the sister of [John] Stewart of Ballydrain House" in the parish of Drumbeg. It goes on to narrate that at the outbreak of the Irish Rebellion in 1641, this man came to the defence of Ballydrain House. By his marriage to the sister of John Stewart of Ballydrain, Milliken is said to have had a son called James who after sometime made his way to the neighbourhood of Banbridge and settled in the townland of Ballievy.

In my own family tradition, my ancestry is traced to five brothers, said "to have removed from Scotland to Ireland during the wars between the Scotch and English, three of whom settled on the river Bann and two at Ballyskeagh" near Newtownards. This tradition echoes the Banbridge tradition, for in both the ancestors in question emigrated during the civil war between Scotland and England, or to be more precise, the Covenanters and Supporters of King Charles I. In another tradition, it is said of James Milliken of Ballyskeagh, better known as Gentleman James, that sometime during the 19th century he made a visit to meet James Milliken of Ravara and both by comparing notes, concluded that they represented the descendants of the two brothers who were believed to be called Robert and James Milliken. In the Ballyskeagh tradition, the father of the five sons is said to have been knighted, an allusion to a much older tradition.

In both traditions, we find the immigrant ancestors crossing into North Down with some settling in the neighbourhood of Belfast and others moving into the Ards peninsula. This pattern is pretty well borne out in the early records, which reveal two principal groupings of "Ms", those who lived in the Ards peninsula and those in the Lagan valley, which stretches south from the City of Belfast towards the town of Lisburn. The valley itself is divided by the river Lagan, a natural boundary that also divides the Counties of Antrim and Down. In terms of records, the County Antrim side is better represented than County Down, and has already been covered in the last issue of the Regarde Bien. It is unfortunate that none of the hearth money rolls for County Down survive for those that do survive for the Antrim side of the Lagan valley, only provide one half of the picture. Thankfully the Lagan valley is better represented in terms of Church records than the Ards peninsula, as the registers for St. Thomasís Church of Ireland in Lisburn cover the greater part of the parish of Blaris which lies in County Down.

The 1669 hearth money rolls, covering the County Antrim side of the Lagan valley, list the names of the Wid. Millekin and Thomas Millekeyn (1666, Mulliken) in The Falls, Patrick Millikin in Lower Malone and Gilbert Millikin (1666, Mulliken) in Upper Malone all in the parish of Shankhill (Belfast), Saunders Millikin in the parish of Drumbeg and John Millukin in the parish of Lambeg. We know of others who also lived on the County Antrim side such as David Mulligan of parish of Derryaghy in 1675, Robert Mullikin of Lisburn, and Thomas Mullikin and Andrew Milligan in the parish of Blaris between 1665-1710, but none of their names appear in the 1669 hearth money rolls. Across the river Lagan, on the County Down side, the picture is as bleak as it gets, yet it is evident from baptismal registers for the Presbyterian Churches of Lisburn and Drumbo, several families lived in these parishes. In the next article, I provide brief biographical notes on one County Down family, which has been pieced together from the few scattered documents that survive from the 1600s.

Robert Mullikin of Belfast & Dromore

Two years after the out-break of the Irish Rebellion in 1641, an epidemic of disease swept through the towns of Belfast, Carrickfergus, Coleraine and Lisburn, claiming the lives of many soldiers and settlers who had remained in Ulster during the early years of the civil war. Robert Mullikin (styled Millikine in his Will) was one such settler who died in Belfast in 1643. He is the same "Robert Mulligan" listed in the troop of horse under the command of Maj. Edmond Matthews in 1642 (See Issue 7). Two copies of Robertís original Will, destroyed in 1922, survive and indicate he published his Ďlast will and testamentí on August 15, 1643. He names his brothers, Roger, James, Gilbert and John as his beneficiaries. To his wife Janet, he left all his moveable and unmoveable belongings, that is, his land, house and itís contents, and to his brother John, he left his five yards of broad cloth, sword, duffel coat, saddle, pistol and a cloak. To his sister Bessie, he left a suit of black cloth. His will was witnessed in the presence of William Clugston, [merchant of Belfast], and [Roger?] Mullikin and [William?] Adair.

The Will of Robert Millikine of Belfast 1643

Issue No. 1

"Robert Millikine his latter Will being in perfyte memorie this 15th of agust 1643"

"The inventorrie of the goods of the said Robert ther is tenn cowes and a heifer and a cowe Ö.. from my leetenant in Dromor Lieut Dobbin is due to me twentiefive shillings sterling and the half of on browne cowe that was vallued to twelf shillings sterling for my shaire due by the said Lieut James Dobbin, ther is also a black horse and a gray meare vallued to five pounds sterling: both one acker of sowne land with corne vallued to fourtie shillings ster ther is due to my by John McClelland the younger for wine and expence Öther is due eight shillings to me ..

I leave my brother Roger M [paper torn away here] one cowe and another to my brother James Millikin the Elder [paper torn away here] ÖÖto my sister bessie a shuit of black cloathes to my brother Gilbert [paper torn away here] I leave to my brother John five yardes of broad cloath with my sworde and duffle coat and sadle and pistoll and a cloak

Debts due by me to William Clugstone seventeen shillings and foure pence sterling, likways I am due to Philip Moores wyfe some little money that I cannot call to mind I leave it to her owne discrettion likways due by me to my brother John seven shillings sixpence

I leave to my wife Janet almoveables and unmoveables whatsoever belonging to me excepted what I have within written left to my friends".

Dated at Belfast this present day 15 Agust 1643 in presence of us witnesses

robert milliken [his mark]

William Clugston
[paper torn] igan
[paper torn] ndair

[There is no note of Probate]

On the back of the Will is written the following:-

"as for the black horse he sould him before he decesed and the grea mare she died taken more of the goods paid to Docter Sheile three pounds sterling mor paid to Docter Hearne nine shillings foure pence more a cowe that was divident in Dromore was not gotten at this taken of the Will of Robert Mulligan deceased."

[Extract: Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI), T.731/1]

The second copy of Robertís Will, which is almost identical to the PRONI copy, is found in the Bodine Manuscript compiled by Gustave Anjou a professional genealogist who researched the family history of the Bodines of Philadelphia, USA, in 1902[1]. There are two minor differences between the Bodine and PRONI copies. In the Bodine copy, Robert had "tenn cowes, and a heifer and a cow to be recaivie from my lietenant coronell in Dromor", whilst he left "one cow and another to my brother James millikins childr". The word "coronell" doesnít appear in the PRONI copy, which simply refers to "my leetenant in Dromor". Anjou believed the word Coronell referred to the surname of a Lieutenant in the army, but could never identify anyone by this name. In the second, the word "childr" (children) is mistaken for "elder" and should read as James Millikin the Elder, indicating Robertís brother had a son also called James.

Anjou apparently did not realise that the word "leetenant" is an old Scots term used to describe a rented portion of land with a dwelling house. It comes from the French word lieutenant, lieu meaning "place", and tenant, "holding held by tenure". He was correct in assuming, however, that "Dromore" refers to the town of Dromore, which lies several miles south of Hillsborough Castle in Co. Down, the seat of Colonel Arthur Hill of Hillsborough. It is evident Robert was still in active service as a soldier when he died in 1643, but it is not clear to me if he actually lived in Belfast or was simply garrisoned there. The reference to "my leetenant in Dromore" clearly indicates Robert held property in this town, which at that time was nothing more than a village. In 1611, the Plantation Commissioners reported that Dromore was a small settlement with only a few recently built houses, yet by 1630 it had a population of 184 and was a flourishing market town[2]. However, the land around it was described by Sir William Brereton in 1636, as being poor and unsuited for tillage[3].

The 1630 muster roll, list the name of "John Mulligan", a tenant on the land of the Bishop of Dromore in Co. Down. During his search, Anjou apparently uncovered a certain document found in the "Dromore Collection", which recorded a conveyance of land made by "the widow of Robert Millikine, deceased" to her son John for "one acker of sowne land in Dromore" dated 8th June, 1653. The Dromore Collection appears to refer to the documents related to the Bishopric of Dromore, apparently destroyed in 1922. If the 1653 reference to the widow of Robert Mullikin and his son John is in fact authenticate, and at present, I have no reason to doubt it isnít, then we have contained in these documents proofs that authentic the oldest "M" tradition in Ireland which is found in the Rev. Ridlonís book. It narrates how that Robert John Milliken was a native of Ayrshire and scion of an old and respectable family of agricultural pursuits who early established themselves on the southern border of Caledonia. Inconsequence of religious persecution Robert with others of the name, when a young man removed to the north of Ireland and sat down not some distance from Dromore in the county of Down.

Robert appears to have been a close associate of William Adair of Belfast, not to be confused with Sir William Adair of Ballymena, and William Clugston, a free stapler of Belfast in 1637. Both Adair and Clugston had strong links with Wigtonshire. The 1630 muster rolls of Co. Antrim, list the name of John Millikin on the Ballymena estate of Sir William Adair of Kinhilt in Wigtonshire. It is known that Lieut. James Dobbin, mentioned in Robertís Will, lived on Adairís estate at Duneane and is listed in the 1669 hearth money rolls along with two Millikins. The names listed in the roll for Duneane are as follows; "James Daniels, James Dobbin, Thomas Dunsith, Allex. Finly, Andrew Glover, Robert Hume, John Johnson, Archibald Lambert, James Lowds, Bryan McBrady, Robert McCloune, Bryan McKenney, Pat McMullane, Andrew Millikin, John Milikin, John Speere and Steeven Wallace". It is a fair assumption that John could well be the same John listed in 1630 or that he and Andrew were his sons.

It is worth noting that James Dobbin married Mary Hamilton, believed to be the daughter of the Rev. James Hamilton of Ballywalter in Co. Down, and died at Duneane in 1682. Both Adair and Clugston were also alive at the taking of the 1669 hearth money roll, indicating Robert must have been a young man when he died in 1643. A number of other interesting observations can be made about Robert Mullikin of Dromore, for example, his brother Roger Mullikin is known to have leased a farm in the townland of Ballyfinaghy, near Belfast, from the Earl of Donegal. Roger had two known sons, Robert and Thomas; the former died in June 1678, whilst the later is mentioned in the hearth money roll for the Falls area near Belfast, where we find the names of the Widow and Thomas Mullikin alias Millikin. The Widow appears to have been either the mother of Robert son of Roger, or Rogerís own widow. Of Robertís remaining brothers, Gilbert could possibly be identified with Gilbert Mullikin in Upper Malone, whilst the identities of John and James Mullikin are less certain.
1. Anjou Manuscript (unpublished), p. 30. I have copy of Anjouís Manuscript, the original is in the possession of Paul Millikin of Columbus, Ohio.
2. Gillespie, Raymond: Colonial Ulster; The Settlement of East Ulster (Cork 1985), p. 171.
3. Ditto, p. 12,
4. Agnew, Jean: Belfast Merchant Families in the Seventeenth Century (Dublin 1996), p. 219-220.

Ms in the City of Dublin

Last year I visited Dublin in the hope of trying to resolve a mystery that has for a long time been an enigma. What became of John Millikin, Robert Millikin of Corkís brother? Although the Authentic Memoir of Richard Millikinís Life indicates his grandfather, Robert, came from Belfast, we know he was in fact born at Moyallen in Co. Down. There is no evidence to indicate from the Belfast records, that either Robert or his brother John established a business there, though, it is likely, their manufactured goods were sold via the Belfast market. However, Dublin remained the principal market for the export of linen during the early years of the 1700s. The link with the Earl of Shannon suggests Robert had close ties with the Dublin market and the Irish Linen Board, which was keen to promote the interests of Irish Linen and establish new manufacturing outlets in other parts of Ireland including the district of Cork.

To date, the records researched in Dublin indicate that by the mid 1700s, at least two Millikin families had established themselves in this City and were respectively headed by John Millikin, a merchant silk weaver, and William Millikin, a gentleman and publisher. The head of the first family, John Millikin is known to have married Sidney Bachelor, who on May 4, 1772 was granted an administrative bond by the Prerogative Court of Ireland for her husbandís estate. The fact that Sidney was granted an administration bond at the Prerogative Court, which tended to cover the wealthier classes, merchants with dealings in more than one area, and those who lived close to diocesan borders, indicates that her husband John held property worth more than £5 in another dioceses in 1772. Sidney was still alive in 1800 when her son John, styled merchant, published his last will and testament.

The Will of John Millikin of Dublin
Will made May 18th, 1800. "John Millikin ... my late wife (not mentioned by name) my mother, Sidney Millikin, sons Robert and William Millikin, the latter being under age of 22, daughter Sidney Millikin, her aunt Mrs Batcheler, daughter, Matilda, daughters Elizabeth, Emily, Louisa ... son John Millikin military appsment, except undress (and) sword.

Probate 1806

As John Millikin Esq. of Dublin, he and Matilda Turton, spinster, were married on July 17, 1779, by the Rev Richard Folds, and by their marriage had six known children; John, Matilda, Robert, Elizabeth, Emily, Louisa and William Millikin. By all accounts, John was amigerous, in other words, he bore armorial ensigns as a titled gentleman. Although, the Millikins of Cork were also armigerous, this in itself does not suggest an immediate connection. According to the Quaker records, Robertís brother John was born in 1694 and married Susanna McRannall in 1717 at the age of 23 years. We do not know who Robert himself married, but it must be presumed that he married someone from the North of Ireland. Robert died sometime between 1766 and 1788, making it possible, though I must say, it is only a long shot, that John may have been the father of John, who died circa 1772.

In his biographical notes on the Millikins of Juniata County in Pennsylvania, the Rev. Ridlon states that this family had preserved in their possession the day-book of John Milliken, who was a merchant in Dublin in the early part of the 18th century. He goes on to say that family tradition, which lacks verification, has it that this John Milliken came to Dublin from Caithness in Scotland, and that three of his sons, or sons of Thomas his brother, emigrated to America, sat down in Chester Co., Pa. This family tradition provides yet another possible clue as to the origins of John Millikin of Dublin and which, points to this family coming directly from Scotland and possibly the North of Scotland. In the next issue, I plan to include further notes on the family of William Millikin, a publisher and gentleman. There are also quite a number of records surviving that relate to City of Dublin and over the coming months I aim to include some of references related to the Ms, such as the voter rolls given below.

19th Century Dublin Voter Rolls

Third Report From the Select Committee on Fictitious Votes in Ireland
Vol. 3, App. 1

An alphabetical list of the Registered Voters for members to serve in Parliament for the County of the City of Dublin, registered prior to the First day of February, 1833.

1. Mulligan, John, linen-draper of 67 Back St., Dublin, for house & premises, 67 Back St., registered on 23rd Oct., 1832, £10 householder.
2. Mulligan, James, tanner of 19 Winetavern St., Dublin, registered on 26th Oct., 1832, freeman.
3. Milliken, Richard, bookseller of Grafton St., Dublin, registered on 26th Oct., 1832, freeman.
4. Mulligan, James, Gentleman of 10 Moore St., Dublin, for house, 10 Moore St., registered on 29th Oct., 1832, £50 freeholder.
5. Milliken, Michael, Vintner of Great Britain St., Dublin, for on house, 145 Great Britain St. registered on 29th Oct., 1832, £10 householder.
6. Milliken, Thomas Reid of Parliament St., Dublin, for house, Parliament St., registered on 31st Oct., 1832, freeman.
7. Milliken, Joseph of 5 Parliament St., Dublin, for house, 5 Parliament St., registered on 12th Nov. 1832, £20 leaseholder.
8. Milliken, George of 31 Parliament St., Dublin, for house & premises on Parliament St., registered on 3rd Nov. 1832, £20 leaseholder.

Register of Voters in 1835

1. Milliken, Thomas Reid of 4 Parliament St., freeholder for house & appurtenances on Temple St. & Grahamís St., Dublin, registered on 6th May, 1835, £50 freeholder.
2. Mulligan, James, tanner & currier of 19 Winetavern St., Dublin, for house & premises on 19 Winetavern St, Dublin, registered on 8th May, 1835, £6 householder.
3. Milliken, Andrew, bookseller of Grafton St., registered on 12th May, 1835, freeman.
4. Mulligan, William, carman & innkeeper of 15 Little Britain St., Dublin, for house, stables, yard, registered on 22nd May, 1835, £10 leaseholder.
5. Milliken, John, Gentleman of Parliament St., Dublin, registered on 4th June, 1835, freeman.
6. Mulligan, Edward, doctor of medicine of 36 Henry St., Dublin, for house & premises registered on 12th Aug., 1835, £20 leaseholder.

Vol. 3, App. 2
An Alphabetical list of the £50 freeholders registered for the County of the City of Dublin
1. Mulligan, James, Gentleman, 10 Moore Street in the parish of Mary.
2. Milliken, Thomas Reid, 4 Parliament Street, house and appurtenances on Temple Street & Grahamís Street in the parish of St. George.

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August, 2000.