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The Regarde Bien

Issue No. 22

Produced by Alan Milliken of Armadale, Scotland.
and edited by Donald Milligan of Kent, USA

The Millikens of Islandmagee

Granshabeg, Ballymoney & Temple Effin


James Mulligan of Granshabeg

In 1610, Islandmagee in Co. Antrim was granted to Sir Arthur Chichester of Carrickfergus, a soldier of considerable military distinction knighted in 1597. Sir Arthur would go on to become Lord Deputy of Ireland in February 1604, an office he held until 1616; Governor of Carrickfergus for life in 1607, and created Baron Chichester in 1612. After receiving his grant of Islandmagee, he then leased in 1618 the land to Sir Moyses Hill, with Sir Arthur Chichester reserving certain rights and privileges, including, the ‘right to hold a Court Leet twice a year’, which was held by the Chichester’s until the abolition of manor courts in 1867. Both Dickson Donaldson and Donald H. Akenson, worthy authorities on the History of Islandmagee, agree that the Hills had preceded Sir Arthur Chichester as principle settlers in Islandmagee, a fact borne out by an inquisition dated 1605, which reported that unlike other parts of Ulster, Islandmagee was in a prosperous state and peopled largely by relatives and followers of the English soldier-adventurer Sir Moyses Hill, some Scottish settlers and "loyal" Irish natives.

Sir Moyses Hill, who belonged to an old Devonshire family of Norman blood, went to Ireland as an officer and adventurer with Walter Devereux, earl of Essex, in 1573 and soon distinguished himself as a soldier against the Ulster Chiefs. For his services, he was appointed Governor of Olderfleet Castle in Larne, received a knighthood in 1603 and made Provost Marshall of Carrickfergus; and later in 1617, given a lifetime appointment as Provost Marshall of Ulster. He probably lived at Castle Chichester for a short time before moving to Stranmillis in Malone now part of Belfast. On his death c.1630, he was succeeded by his son Arthur, through whom the leasehold passed, and was eventually inherited by the Hill-Trevor branch of the family, better known as the Viscounts Dungannon. They received in 1769 a further extension to the leasehold for Ninety Nine years from the Chichester family.

In his book on the Milliken and Milligans, the Rev. Gideon T. Ridlon states, that the Millikens of Islandmagee originated from Scotland and arrived there "about 1615". There is little doubt they came from Scotland. However, there is no mention of any Mulligans or Millikens in the muster roll c.1630, which lists the names of eleven men, able to bear arms, who were all tenants to Sir Moyses Hill in Islandmagee. The earliest known reference to a Mulligan in the Peninsula can be traced no earlier than the Hearth Tax Roll of 1666-9, which records “William Mullykan” in Portmuck was the owner one hearth and for it, he paid two shillings tax. Three other names are mentioned in Portmuck : ‘Capt. James McCullough’, who is followed by William Mullykan, James Kennedy and Wid Bruise’. In 1653, the Cromwellian Government in Dublin published a list of ‘popular Scots’ in Ulster that were to be transplanted into other parts of Ireland. From Islandmagee, Magheramore and Ballynure, the following Scots were to be transplanted: Capt. Robert Kinkede, James Browne, Ensign Willm Stephenson, Capt. James McCullough, John Blare, Willm Agnew and John Agnew . The transplantation of these men was never carried out.

It is worth remarking that when Sir Arthur Chichester granted the ‘land of Magee’s Island’ to Sir Moyses Hill of Stranmillis on September 20, 1618, for Ninety Nine years, it included, Castle Chichester in Whitehead and the castle of Portmuck (see PRONI D778/1c). It is possible, Capt. James McCullough was charged with the keeping of Portmuck Castle, now a ruin, which overlooked the little harbour of Portmuck. 'William Mullykan' may have been a soldier and arrived there sometime after the 1641 Irish Rebellion, possibly in the company of Capt. James McCullough. He took command of a company of foot in the regiment of Sir Arthur Chichester, which was mustered at Belfast on July 18, 1642. William’s name is not recorded in the muster roll, but it is possible, he was recruited later. Whatever the story, although, we will never know how he came to be living in Portmuck, the very fact he was living in or near the old medieval harbour of Portmuck, suggests he could also have been a Scottish merchant.

There is a long gap of about one hundred years before we find the next reference to the Millikens in Islandmagee. On January 16, 1770, Arthur Hill-Trevor, Viscount Dungannon, in an unscrupulous attempt to sell out some 64 tenant farmers whose leases had expired placed an advertisement in the Belfast News Letter selling out right their leases from beneath them. By doing this, Dungannon, had in the words of Akenson, thrown open almost an entire Island for leasing through secret bidding, a situation which no doubt unleashed a spirit of discontent that would through time find expression in the 98' Rebellion. Amongst those listed was ‘James Mulligan of Granshabeg’, the holder of 20 acres. This James Mulligan was almost certainly the father of James and Thomas Mulligan, the founders of the two principal Islandmagee families, namely the Millikens of Ballymoney and Temple Effin, discussed more fully shortly.

Belfast News Letter, February 5, 1770

The Millikens of Islandmagee were to play an important role in the Islands affairs, and in particular, the running of the Manorial Court, presided over by the Chichesters, now elevated and ranked in the Irish peerage, the earls of Donegal. In his unpublished history of the ‘Millikens of Ballymoney and Temple Effin’, the late Alan Milliken of New Zealand (a different Alan Milliken), cites a tradition, which he says was common to both families. According to this tradition, when the then earl of Donegal was being driven around the Island by a Milliken, they passed by an empty farm house situated in the townland of Gransha. On seeing the house, this Milliken said to the Earl, he would like to live in a place like that, where upon, the Earl promptly gave it to him. If correct, it seems reasonable to suggest, that the Milliken referred to in this tradition could have been ‘James Mulligan of Granshabeg’ or perhaps an earlier ancestor.

Parish Townland Map of Islandmagee

The townland of Gransha or Granshabeg is no. 7 on the map above. It stretches the full width of the Island and may originally have been the grange or granary for St. John’s Old Chapel in medieval times. As far as I am lead to understand, James Mulligan’s 20 acre farm was located in the middle of the townland. He appears to have died sometime before 1818 when the first extant Rent Roll of Viscount Dungannon's estate in Islandmagee names ‘Martha Mulligan’, a tenant farmer who paid £6 15 shillings for land in Granshabeg. She was presumably James’s widow.

I. Rental Roll for the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Dungannon estate in Islandmagee

Half Yearly Rent - 1818
Martha Mulligan £6 15s for land in Granshabeg
Thomas Mulligan £1 8s for land in Ballymuldrogh
James Mulligan £4 0s 3d for land in Ballow
James Mulligan £1 6s 1d for land in Ballymoney
James Mulligan holding land also in Ballyprior

[Source: PRONI D1954/1/1]

Martha Milliken was deceased by 1834 when the ‘Tithe Applotment’ books list a Samuel, Eliza and James Milliken as being the named tenants. Given the immediate proximity of Granshabeg and its links with all principal descending families, one may safely conclude that Granshabeg or Gransha had become both the seat and patrimony for future generations who moved to other parts of the Island. In his will, James Mulligan of Ballymoney certainly mentions his interest in Gransha, the profits of which were for three years to be given to his sons to pay his debts and legacies. Similarly, the Millikens of Temple Effin claim early links, through the first known head, Thomas Mulligan who is said to have "lived for some years at Gransha... before he established himself as farmer" at Temple Effin near Whitehead.

Ballykeel Churchyard (Memorial of the Dead, Vol.8)

James Milliken of Ballymoney

James Mulligan otherwise Milliken (1759-1837), born about 1759 is believed to be the eldest son of James Mulligan of Granshabog. He married twice, 1st, Catherine Hilditch, who died on May 23, 1812, aged 49 years. She bore James's two sons and nine daughters. He married, 2nd, Nancy, surname unknown. He and his family lived at Bogend farm in the townland of Ballymoney (no. 13 in the map), where presumably he obtained a leasehold from Arthur Hill-Trevor, Viscount Dungannon, sometime before 1796, for in that year, the Seceders, a disaffected segment of the Presbyterian Church, obtain free of charge a plot of ground from James Mulligan at Mullaghboy. Here they built their new Meeting House from stones quarried on his adjoining farm. This Meeting House is now known as the Second Presbyterian Church and has a long association with the Millikens of Temple Effin. Later in 1826, he gave the Methodist Church free of charge a plot of land at Ballymoney where they subsequently built a church.

During his life time James Milliken also acquired several farms and landholdings in the Islandmagee and two properties in the town of Carrickfergus. On November 28, 1808, by indenture of lease, ‘Catherine McLaughlin of Islandmagee’ for a certain sum of money, demised and granted about 11 acres of land unto ‘James Mulligan of Islandmagee’, which he was to hold for 15 years, subject to the yearly rent of £5. 16. 5. In a Counter-part lease dated June 12, 1824, between Arthur, Viscount Dungannon and 'James Mulligan', he received for 31 years, 8 acres in Granshabeg, 21 acres in Ballymoney, 9 acres in Ballyprior and 4 acres in Mullaghboy at an annual rent of £55 and two days work for a man and a horse.

II. Tithe Applotment Books - 1834

Gransha – Samuel Milliken, acreage (1) 6a 1r 37 p, (2) 4a 0r 7p.
Gransha – Eliza Milliken, acreage (1) 2a 1r 27p, (2) 2a 1r 27p.
Gransha – James Milliken, acreage (1) 3a 3r 24p, (2) 3a 3r 22p.
Mullaghboy – James Mulligan, acreage (1) 14a 2r 29p, (2) 6a 1r 37p, (3) 0a 2r 17p.
Ballymoney – James Mulligan, acreage 19a 1r 30p.
Temple Effin – Thomas Mulligan*, acreage (1) 37a 10r 1p, (2) 17a 3r 11p, (3) 6a 3r 21p.

Note: * Mrs. Millikin replaced 1834.

[Source: PRONI FIN 159/1]

In his book (article XXIII), Dixon Donaldson gives a description of the Manor Court of Castle Chichester, which was created out of [still to add] and recollections of its hereditary seneschals, the Kingsmill family of Castle Chichester in Whitehead. This family’s surname was changed from Brice, an old Scottish family, by Robert Brice, who by right of his wife, Miss Frances Corry, succeeded to the estate of her mother, the only daughter of Sir William Kingsmill of Hampshire, England, in 1766. Donaldson also recollects that ‘amongst the officers connected the Seneschal’s court that of Chief Bailiff or Head Constable, was held in the time of Edward Kingsmill (and his son Robert), by Mr. James Mulligan of Ballymoney’. Donaldson makes no mention of the fact this office was held by John Hilditch of Castle Chichester.

At the Lent Assize in 1786, the Grand Jury of Co. Antrim appointed Henry Hazlett of Belfast, High constable of Upper Belfast, and John Hilditch of Islandmagee, High Constable of Lower Belfast. He was appointed again to serve as High Constable of Lower Belfast at the Lent Assize in 1790, when he is called John Hilditch of Castle Chichester. The baronies of Upper and Lower Belfast were administrative division of County Antrim and sub-divisions of the old barony of Belfast by 1783. In that year, we find the reference to the first High Constables of Upper and Lower Belfast, respectively, Henry Hazlett of Belfast and Alex Horseborough of Ballycarry. By Acts of Parliament in 1787 and 1792, the Lord Lieutenant of a county was allowed to appoint a chief constable for each barony, and the county Grand Jury was empowered to appoint up to sixteen sub-constables. These baronial constables became the forerunners to the Royal Irish Constabulary, which was formed in 1814.

At the Lent Assize in 1786, the Grand Jury of Co. Antrim appointed Henry Hazlett of Belfast, High constable of Upper Belfast, and John Hilditch of Islandmagee, High Constable of Lower Belfast. He was appointed again to serve as High Constable of Lower Belfast at the Lent Assize in 1790, when he is called John Hilditch of Castle Chichester. The baronies of Upper and Lower Belfast were administrative division of County Antrim and sub-divisions of the old barony of Belfast by 1783. In that year, we find the reference to the first High Constables of Upper and Lower Belfast, respectively, Henry Hazlett of Belfast and Alex Horseborough of Ballycarry. By Acts of Parliament in 1787 and 1792, the Lord Lieutenant of a county was allowed to appoint a chief constable for each barony, and the county Grand Jury was empowered to appoint up to sixteen sub-constables. These baronial constables became the forerunners to the Royal Irish Constabulary, which was formed in 1814.

Although, we cannot be certain, Catherine Hilditch appears to have been the daughter of John Hilditch and given the fact, James Mulligan of Granshabeg also served as High Constable of Lower Belfast, it is very likely, he was John’s son-in-law. At Lent in 1799, when John was still alive, the Grand Jury of Co. Antrim appointed James High Constable over four sub-constables.

High Constable: Mr. James Mulligan, Islandmagee

Sub Constable: James McCausland, Thomas Moor, John Brown & Benjamin Bell.

It is possible, James inherited the office of bailiff from his father, James Mulligan, but the lack of evidence makes any conclusion almost impossible to reach. Of the manor of Castle Chichester, we know it combined a number of properties: Olderfleet, Portmuck, Islandmagee, Dunmallis, the abbey of Inver, the rectory of Glynn, the lands of Cairnduff, Ballyshagg and Brendodd, which were created the manor of Castle-Chichester, with Courts Leet and Baron in 1610. These manor courts were originally created by the Anglo-Normans with some known as ‘courts-baron’, ‘courts-leet’ and ‘courts-piepowder’. The court-leet met only twice a year and was composed of a jury of selected freeholders within the boundary of the manor. Donaldson states, that when the Donegalls were granted the manor of Castle Chichester, they were given the power to hear pleas of all actions of debt, trespass, etc, not exceeding £20 and to receive the fine of the said court, to appoint prisons, bailiffs and other offices . Manorial courts, however, had very little legal clout with rulings often limited to local disputes, e.g. smuggling, cock-fighting, wandering cattle, broken fences, blocked ditches etc.

The principal officer of these courts was the seneschal or steward. Edward Brice, who later changed his name to Edward Kingsmill, was for many year seneschal of the manor of Castle Chichester. Drawing on the recollection of someone who could recollect the functioning these courts in the time of Mr. Kingsmill, Donaldson says , “though originally these courts were held at frequent intervals it became the custom later to hold them once or twice a year, and in cases of emergency it was often found that the mediation of the local bailiffs was sufficient to settle the dispute. But on the ‘law-day’ a certain amount of dignity and formality was observed. A large granary was specially prepared for the occasion, and after the officials and the jurors (and sometimes litigants) had been regaled in Mr. Kingsmill’s house, that dignitary, preceded by the chief bailiff (or head constable as he was generally called) bearing his bad of office, walked from his residence to the appointed place, and followed by the jurors and lesser officials. When the weather was fine the court was held in the open, and such occasions were marked by great festivity and merry making”. As seneschal of the Court Leet, Kingsmill was paid one half of the proceeds from court and the other half to Viscount Dungannon.

In his own day, as chief bailiff of the manor of Castle Chichester, James would have lead these formal ‘law days’ and on such occasions, he would have borne his badge of office. Donaldson is our only source to a description of James’s badge of office, which in 1927 was in the possession of his great, great grand-nephew Hugh Dick of Ballymoney. It is described as a staff, about 30 inches in length: surmounted by a four-sided capital, on two sides of which is represented the regal crown, containing the initials of George IV, viz. GR, with IV above the letters. George IV’s reign commenced in 1820 and he died in 1830. The other sides had what was apparently the earl or Marquis of Donegall’s coronet. Once a year, it was customary for James to entertain the landlord when he came to visit his tenants; after his death in 1837 the tradition was continued by his son John and two unmarried daughters.

James and his wife Catherine were members of the Established Church and attended St. John's New Church at Ballykeel. The Church of Ireland, throughout the island’s history, had always been numerically weak; claiming only about 8.6 per cent of the non catholic population in 1834. The dominant religion, Presbyterianism could in the same year muster an overwhelming majority of 86.4 per cent, whilst the Methodist, according to the same source had 3.3 per cent of a membership . Despite this apparent numerical discrepancy, when it came to matters of local government, the Church of Ireland remained the dominant force, at least, until it's dis-establishment in 1871 and the abolition of tithes.

Local government was the responsibility of the "general vestry", which after the late eighteenth century abolition of the penal laws included all ratepayers regardless of religious affiliation. The general vestry could vote taxes, make contribution to road works, pay constables, and aid the poor. To pay for these amenities, the vestry levied a general cess or tithe on the local community, which by and large was deeply resented by both Presbyterians and Catholics alike. The earliest records related the vestry's annual meeting begin in 1835; when in that same year, James Mulligan of Bogend is listed as being a church warden. He died two years later, being predeceased by his first wife, Catherine Hilditch, who died in 1812.

    [Headstone] Erected to the memory of James Milliken who departed this life 15th of Jan. 1837 aged 78 years. Also his wife Catherine Hilditch who departed this life 23rd May 1812 aged 49 years. Also his daughter Jane Mckeown who departed this life 23rd Jany. 1858 aged 60 years. And his daughter Jannet Milliken who departed this life 25th March 1858 aged 58 years. And his son John Milliken who departed this life 15th July 1869 aged 75 years.

According to the above headstone which lies at St. John’s Church of Ireland burial ground, James Milliken died on 15th January, 1837 in his 78th year, having been predeceased by his first wife Catherine, who died on 23rd May, 1812 at the age of 49 years. The only record of his second wife, Nancy, is found in his will dated the 15th August, 1834 and is here given in full:

    In the name of God, Amen. I, James Milligan of Islandmagee do make and publish this, my last will and testament as follows.

    I leave and bequeath to my wife, Nancy Milligan, forty pounds sterling, to be paid in four years, ten pounds each year, with those things she fetched with her when we took up house. I leave to my son-in-law, Robert Dick, five pounds sterling in addition to twenty five he owes me, making in all thirty pounds. I leave to my son-in-law, John Moore, thirty pounds to be paid in three tears, ten pounds each year. I leave to my grandson, James Taylor, my holding in Granshaw ... acres held Elizabeth Milligan during her natural life. The profits of Granshaw for three years to be given to my sons to assist them in paying my debts and legacies. At the end of that time my sons are to plough and sow two acres for him and give him two cows. I leave to my son-in-law, Thomas Blair, thirty pounds sterling to be paid in three years, ten pounds each year.

    I leave to my son, John, the farm I purchased from Jane Hay and to my son, James, the farm I purchased from Margaret Lamont. I leave also the farm I purchased from James Templeton and the tenement occupied by Samuel Neilson and Mrs Carkern of Carrickfergus, share and share alike between my two sons. I leave to son John and daughters Martha and Jane, the farm of Ballymoney we now occupy - share and share alike. I leave to my daughters, Jenny, Sarah, and Eliza, the two houses in Carrickfergus now occupied by John Enlentan and J McCann, share and share alike... that all my unmarried children live as usual together and pay my debts and when all is paid my goods and chattels to be equally divided between my unmarried children.

    I appoint my sons, John and James, Executors, to this my last will and testament. In witness thereof I affix my hand and seal this fifteenth day of August, 1834. Signed James Milligan.

    Witness present: - Wm Armstrong, E Wilson and Hugh Adrain

The original will was apparently eaten by a mouse. Thankfully, however, another copy was obtained, which many years later was taken to Ballyduff by Thomas Ballard Milliken when he moved there from Islandmagee. It is worthy of comment, that Dixon Donaldson quotes extracts of this will in reference to the life of James Milliken of Bogend, Ballymoney.

James Mulligan and Catherine Hilditch left behind nine children:

  1. Margaret MILLIKEN born in 1793. She married Thomas Blair and died January 4, 1871 aged 78 years.

  2. John MILLIKEN, born about 1794. He never married and died at Boghead on July 15, 1869, aged 75 years; see below for further details.

  3. Jane MILLIKEN, born in 1798 and died in 1871.

  4. James MILLIKEN, born in 1802. He married Elizabeth McMullen see Third Generation below for further details.

  5. Jenny MILLIKEN, born in 1802 and died in 1858. She never married.

  6. Sarah MILLIKEN, born – unknown. She died about 1871.

  7. Catherine MILLIKEN, born – unknown. She married Robert Dick, who came from Scotland to Islandmagee with his brother James Dick. They were foundation members of the Masonic Lodge 162 Islandmagee. These two brothers were singers of note. Robert Dick and Catherine Milliken had ten children and their eldest son, Thomas Alexander MacKay Dick succeeded John Milliken of Bogend Farm, Ballymoney, as bailiff and land agent of Marquis of Donegall in 1869.

  8. Martha MILLIKEN, born – unknown.

  9. Elizabeth MILLIKEN, born – unknown.


John MILLIKEN (1794-1869) succeeded his father as Head Constable for the Marquis of Donegall and lived at Bogend Farm with his unmarried sisters, Jenny and Sarah. Of him, Donaldson writes, "those who remember him describe him as a man of powerful physique, far surpassing other competitors in feats of strength and activity". As Head Constable, "he attained a position of much influence and respect in his native place and was justly known in other parts of the estates for his humane and sympathetic handling of cases with which he had to deal in his official capacity. His good offices were in much request in adjusting disputes amongst neighbours, and thus expensive lawsuits were often avoided". During his tenure of office the Manor Courts were abolished in 1867, thus his duties were confined to the affairs in connection with the Islandmagee estate as representative of the landlord's agent.

John Milliken never married and died at Bogend on July 15, 1869 aged 75 years. His last will and testament is given in full below:

    This is the last will and Testament of me, John Milliken of Islandmage, in the county of Antrim, farmer. I leave, devise and bequeath to my sister, Sarah Milliken, for and during the term of her life, or until my nephew, James Milliken, junior, shall marry, which ever event shall first happen, the kitchen end of my present dwelling house in Ballymoney with the stables and car house and the half of the garden attached to said dwelling house and from and after the decease of my said sister or the marriage of my said nephew as aforesaid, then I leave and bequeath the said kitchen end of my dwelling house, the said stable, car house and half of the said garden to my said nephew, James Milliken, junior. I leave and bequest to my said sister Sarah, the remaining portion of the said dwelling house which consists of the parlour end and the remaining portion of my office houses which consists of the barn and cow house and the remaining portion of the said garden in Ballymoney, aforesaid, together with my farm of land and premises in Ballyprior, known as the “The Hill” with a road to it through that part of my farm in Ballymoney known as “The Bog” for and during the term of her natural life and from and after her decease then I leave and bequest the said parlour end and the remaining portion of my said dwelling house with the remaining portion of said office houses which consists of the barn and cow house and the said remaining portion of the said garden in Ballymoney with the farm in Ballyprior and road thereto as hereinbefore mentioned, to my grand nephews, Hugh Dick and Thomas Dick, junior, sons of my nephew, Thomas Dick, share and share alike.

    And I hereby declare and it is my will and intention that in case my said grand nephews, Hugh Dick and Thomas Dick, jun., be not able to keep said lands of Ballyprior, then I leave and bequest said lands to my brother James’ children, share and share alike, subject however to and on condition of them paying to my said grand nephews, Hugh Dick and Thomas Dick, jun., the sum of £40 each, and I further leave and bequest to my said sister Sarah, all my household furniture and other goods and chattels which my be in my said dwelling house in Market Place, Carrickfergus of which she has been for some time in receipt of the rents and profits. I leave and bequest to my said nephew, James Milliken, jun., all my interest in my farm of land and premises in Ballymoney, aforesaid, and at present in my own occupation subject however to the devises hereinbefore made with reference to portions of the same. I leave and bequest to my nephew John Milliken, son of my brother James, my remaining house in Market in the town of Carrickfergus and I leave and bequeath all the residue and remainder of my property of whatsoever nature, kind or description of which I may die, seized or possessed or entitled unto, whether real freehold or personal, including all stock, crop and farming implements which may be upon my said lands and premises at the time of my decease, unto my said nephew, James Milliken jun., and my said sister Sarah, share and share alike.

    But I hereby and it is my will and intention that the said bequests hereinbefore made in favour of my said sister, Sarah, shall be subject and chargeable with the payment of the following legacies, that is to say a legacy of £10 which I leave to my sister Catherine Dick, and to three legacies of £5 each which I leave and bequest to my sister Catherine’s two sons, Robert and William and her daughter Catherine, and I further declare that the several bequests hereinbefore made in favour of my said nephews, James and John Milliken, shall be subject to and chargeable with the payment of the following legacies, that is to say, to a legacy of £20 which I leave and bequest to my sister, Margaret Blair; to two legacies of £10 each which I hereby leave to James Taylor his daughter, Mary; to two legacies of £5 each which I hereby leave to Thomas Moore of Raloo and Joseph Apsley and to a legacy of £10 which I hereby leave to James Dick, son of the said Catherine and I direct that said last mentioned six legacies shall be paid equally by my said nephews, James and John Milliken but it is will and intention that the said several pecuniary legacies shall not be paid until after the expiration of two years from my decease and that they shall not bear interest until after that time and I appoint William Bole Glenny, Esq., of Belfast and John Fullarton of Kilcoan, farmer, both in the said County of Antrim, executors hereof. In testimony, whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 26th day of May, 1869.

    Signed John Milliken

    Signed, published and declared by the said testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other, set and subscribed our names as witnesses hereto:

    James Earles, teacher, Islandmagee
    Thomas A. Crozier, writing clerk, Larne.

JAMES MILLIKEN, born c.1802, second son of James Mulligan and Catherine Hilditch; married aged 40, Elizabeth McMullen, aged 24, at St. John’s New Church on November 2, 1847. Her father was Capt. John McMullen, a mariner, who was drowned in Dundalk Harbour.

The following headstone stands erected to the memory of James and Elizabeth:

    [Marble]. In memory of James Milliken, Ballymoney, Islandmagee, who departed this life 26th Feb. 1885 aged 83 years. Also his wife Eliza Milliken who died 31st Jan. 1910 aged 85 years. Also his daughter Martha who died 27th Jan. 1910 aged 47 years. Also his son Alexander who died 3rd June 1915 aged 60 years. And Hilda Wilhelmina, daughter of the above named Alexander Milliken, who died 30th Jan. 1933 aged 19 years. Also Morris Hugh, son of the above named Alexander Milliken, who died 6th July 1934 aged 19 years Also daughters of the above named James Milliken :- Anne who died 8th Dec. 1950 aged 81 years; Sarah who died 5th April 1958 aged 91 years.

James and Elizabeth Milliken lived at Bogend Farm in Islandmagee, where they reared a family of six sons and six daughters.

  1. James MILLIKEN, born c.1849 at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. He married Sarah Dick (born 1857) daughter of Thomas Alexander MacKay Dick, who succeeded John Milliken as bailiff and land agent of Marquis of Donegall. Sarah Dick was James’s first cousin once removed. James died on December 31, 1886, aged 37 years. His death was registered by his brother-in-law, Hugh Dick of Ballymoney. Letters of Administration were granted at the Belfast District Registry to his widow Sarah Milliken of Ballymoney on March 25, 1887. His personal estate amounted to £257 3 shilling. He left behind a family of five children: Sarah, Elizabeth, John, James and Jeannie Milliken.

  2. Jane MILLIKEN, birth date unknown. Married a Mr. Moore and went to Canada. She had no family and died about 1910.

  3. John MILLLIKEN, born c. 1852 at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. He married Elizabeth Arthurs Long, daughter of Thomas Long, a seaman, at First Presbyterian Church of Islandmagee on August 27, 1879. They emigrated to New Zealand in 1881.

  4. Catherine MILLIKEN, birth date unknown. She had a child called Robert Milliken, who emigrated to New Zealand probably before 1900.

  5. Alexander MILLIKEN, born c.1855, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney.

  6. Elizabeth MILLIKEN, born on February 7, 1857, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. She married James Laird on August 12, 1874; died August 31, 1902.

  7. Thomas Ballard MILLIKEN, Born on April 25, 1859, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. He married Emma Sinclair Johnstone (b. October 30, 1867) daughter of Thomas Johnston and Mary Picken of Greenisland on May 14, 1890, at Whitehouse Presbyterian Church in the parish of Carnmoney. There first six children were all born in Islandmagee, where they belonged to the Methodist Church. In 1901, Thomas bought a 70 acre farm at Ballyduff in Carnmoney and on moving to Ballyduff, the couple joined Carnmoney Presbyterian Church. He died in May 1924, and Emma in June 1940.

    1. Annie Sinclair Johnstone MILLIKEN; born in 1892 and married James Park in 1926. They had no children.
    2. Elizabeth MILLIKEN; married William Thompson and had three children.
    3. William Hugh MILLIKEN; born in 1893 and married Ellen (Nellie) Hall daughter of Thomas Hall and Nancy Junkin of Ballygown in 1928. He served in the Merchant Navy during World War I, and was on a ship named the Rathlin Head, on which were two other men also called Milliken. One of these, a fireman from Carrickfergus, said this was an unlucky omen and that one of them would not return. In May 1918, two weeks later, they were attacked by three submarines and the fireman was injured. Next day they were attacked again the fireman was killed. An American destroyer rescued the rest. After the war, William returned to Ballyduff and farmed at Ballyduff, Carnmoney.
    4. Johnstone MILLIKEN; died on February 22, 1926, aged about 29 years.
    5. Augustus MILLIKEN; lived in Dublin most of his life. He was an accountant and married Maud Copeland. They had two sons, James and Don.
    6. Emma Johnstone MILLIKEN; a nurse who married Ronald Johnston in 1957.
    7. Frances MILLIKEN; married Robert Alexander Dickey Lees and had two children, Catherine and Kenneth.

  8. William Hugh MILLIKEN, born on November 25, 1860, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney; bapt on January 5, 1861, by the Rev. James Murdock. The Methodist Chapel in Islandmagee was an outstation of the Methodist Church in Carrickfergus. He was the father of Alan Milliken of Patumahoe, wrote a short history of the Millikens of Ballymoney and Temple Effin in 1964.

  9. Martha MILLIKEN, born c. 1863, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. She died on January 27, 1910, aged 47 years, and is buried at St. John’s New Church.

  10. David MILLIKEN, born on August 16, 1864, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. His first wife and child died at the time of the baby’s birth. He later married Annie Allen from Scotland. He travelled for the Salt Mine Company at Kilroot and lived in Carrickfergus. His wife died in 1926 and he died in 1941. They had four children: David Allen, Robert Allen, unnamed daughter and Eileen Milliken.

  11. Sarah MILLIKEN, born on February 4, 1867, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. She never married and lived with her sister at Bogend Farm. She died April 5, 1958, aged 91 years and is buried at St. John’s New Church.

  12. Annie MILLIKEN, born on January 27, 1869, at Bogend Farm, Ballymoney. In her twenties, she had been engaged to a minister and after a time he wrote to her breaking off the engagement so that he could marry a woman of wealth. She kept all his letters and after her death on December 8, 1950, aged 81 years, the letter passed to her sister Sarah. Annie never married and is buried at St. John’s New Church.

Thomas Milliken of Temple Effin

"In the course of my enquires into the origins of the Millikens of Ballymoney, I learned that the Millikens of Temple Effin, at the other end of the Island, were undoubtedly relations of ours. Definite proof of this has not been found but Shaw Milliken of Loughhead, Temple Effin says that all Millikens of Islandmagee are of the same lineage" - thus wrote the late Alan Milliken of New Zealand, when in 1966, he compiled his History on the Millikens of Ballymoney and Temple Effin. He is correct, when he says of Thomas Mulligan, the head of the Temple Effin family, that he and James Mulligan of Ballymoney were brothers and came originally from Gransha where Thomas was born in 1768. Definite proof has now been found, as DNA testing between two men, one descended from James Mulligan of Ballymoney and the other from Thomas Mulligan of Temple Effin confirms that these two men and their families are blood related. Furthermore proof is indicated in the Grand Jury Presentment Books, that records both “Jas and Thos Mulligan” along with Cortland Skinner, Esq., were paid £7 7s 6p at Lent in 1805, to make 125 ditches from Carrickfergus to Larne, between ‘James Long’s land and James Mulligan’s land’.

Following his marriage to Jane Hill, which probably took place sometime during the latter part of the 1790s, Thomas Mulligan appears to have leased a farm at Ballymuldrogh where the only name of a Thomas Mulligan appears in the 1818 Dungannon Rent Roll. Five years later, having become a farmer of considerable means, he purchased from the Right Honourable, Arthur, Viscount Dungannon a leasehold for 43 acres in Temple Effin and Cloughfin which according to an Indenture dated the April 1, 1823, was then in his actual possession and "now being, by virtue of a bargain and sale to him for one whole year from thence next ensuing, in consideration of 5/- sterling ... all that and those the farm, tenement and parcel of land containing 43 acres 1 rood 12 perches in actual possession of said Thos Mulligan his under tenants and assigns (except Finny tenement and some buildings exchanged between Thos Mulligan and Robert Cameron which was settled before the execution of this lease)".

Thomas obtain his lease the following year in 1824; which recites a grant for 31 years at an annual rent of £61 and two days work for a man and a horse. The leasee was to assist Robert Cameron, the former tenant, carry grain and to drive his cattle to water across the land. Thomas Mulligan lived out his remaining days at his Loughhead farm at Temple Effin where he died on December 6th, 1845 at the age of 77 and was buried in the St John's New Church cemetery alongside his wife who predeceased him on March 6, 1839 at the age of 66. Both he and his wife were long associated with the islands Presbyterian community which erected its first Meeting House at Kilcoan in 1674. The congregation of Islandmagee received its first minister in 1647, following a petition made by Lord Lindsay Regiments, quartered on the island shortly after their arrival in 1642.

The names of Thomas and Jane Milliken’s nine children are listed in the Rev. G. T. Ridlon’s book. However, as Alan Milliken pointed out in his article, the order they are given in does not match their dates of births. John was born in 1812 and Eliza the last mentioned was born in 1814:

  1. James MILLIKEN, born about 1800 in Islandmagee. See Third generation.

  2. Thomas MILLIKEN, born - unknown in Islandmagee. He lived on a part of his father’s farm, but sold and went to Scotland, where he died.

  3. John MILLIKEN, born February 10, 1812, in Islandmagee. See Third generation.

  4. William MILLIKEN, born – unknown in Islandmagee. He went to College and studied medicine. Then, he emigrated to Pennsylvanian in North America, and took a course of lectures at Jefferson College, before settling in Canada, where he practised his profession. By his wife whose maiden name was James, he had two children, Dr. Thomas J. A. Milliken and Mary Jane Milliken, both of Boston.

  5. Margaret MILLIKEN, born – unknown in Islandmagee. Married John McConnell, near Larne, and left no children.

  6. Mary MILLIKEN, born – unknown in Islandmagee. Married Robert Houston of Cloughfin and had nine children: James, Thomas, William, Samuel, Robert, Susan, Jane, Mary and Elizabeth.

  7. Martha MILLIKEN, born – unknown in Islandmagee. Married James Hamilton of Mill Bay, Islandmagee, and they had four children: Thomas, James, Jane and Eliza. Martha died on March 30, 1882, aged 78, and her husband died on April 30, 1887, aged 80. Both are buried in the New Church Graveyard.

  8. Jane MILLIKEN, born – unknown in Islandmagee. Married Robert Orr of Ballycarry.

  9. Eliza MILLIKEN, born May 20, 1814, in Islandmagee. Married Thomas Gillespie and emigrated to America and died in Philadelphia leaving no children.


JAMES MILLIKEN, eldest son of Thomas Milliken, was born about 1800 and married Elizabeth Miller of Ballycarry in 1848. Following his fathers death in 1845, he inherited the home farm at Loughhead where he lived until his death on March 16, 1858, at the age of 58 years. During his life time he held the office of church ward being appointed to serve on the vestry in the year 1849 and acquired other areas of land which by the time of the Griffiths Valuation in 1862 extended his farmland. His wife out lived him by 17 years and continued to live on the homestead at Temple Effin until her death on February 14, 1875, at the age of 52. She appointed her sons Thomas and William Milliken as executors to her will and testament, which was proved at Belfast. The following is an extract:

    "In the name of God amen, I Elizabeth Milliken widow, of the Parish of Islandmagee do make this my last will and testament as follows - I bequeath to my niece Elisabeth McMeekin the sum of one hundred pounds sterling and after paying my just debts and funeral expenses I bequeath the residue of my property real and chattel share and share alike between my four sons Thomas, William, John and James. I appoint Thomas Milliken and William Milliken my executors, this the thirtieth day of November one thousand eight hundred and seventy four. Signed Elizabeth Milliken. Witness William Hill and Alexander Smiley."

In memory of her husband, Elizabeth erected a headstone, which lies in the New Church Burying Ground. James and Elizabeth where members of the First Presbyterian Church and had four sons whose descendent are given as follows:

  1. Thomas MILLIKEN, eldest son of James, was born at Loughhead about 1851 and married, Jane, the daughter of the Rev. Robert Henry Shaw, after her father’s death in 1894. The Rev. Shaw, minister of the Second Presbyterian Church, Islandmagee, was a native of Ballyvallagh in the Parish of Ralloo and in his day, he was held in the highest regard as being a gifted orator and public speaker. He was member of the Orange Order and connected to the old Shaw family of Ballygally Castle. Thomas, was ordained an elder, along with others, in 1884 for the First Presbyterian Church.

    He was appointed a commissioner of the Peace (Justice of the Peace) for County Antrim in 1895 and "for almost twenty years, served his native place as a Poor-Law Guardian and District Councillor" which Donaldson says, he officiated "in an eminently satisfactory manner, and for many other public-spirited services is deserving of the fratitude of the general community". He lived on the Loughhead farm and out lived his wife who died predeceased him on January 21, 1826 at the age of 62 years. He died on May 5, 1931, at the age of 80 years and had the following children:

    1. Rosie Elsie Jane Miller MILLIKEN, born on July 19, 1896, at Temple Effin; died on February 26, 1919, aged 22 years.
    2. James Henry Shaw MILLIKEN, born about 1879, at Temple Effin, and farmed at Loughhead. He married Margaret Janette Wilson who bore him four children, James, John, Elsie and Fiona.
    3. Rose Elsie MILLIKEN, born on July 19, 1896, at Temple Effin.
    4. Thomas Boyle MILLIKEN, born on March 29, 1899, at Temple Effin. He became a Congregational Minister and was trained for the ministry in Edinburgh. He held a pastorate at Lerwick, Shetland Island, and then Garbiston, Wigtownshire. He married Amy Franks of Birkenhead and adopted a son who went to live with them at Whitehouse near Belfast, before moving to Wigan, Lancashire.
    5. Mary Robina MILLIKEN, died on August 11, 1901, aged 10 months.
    6. John Herbert William MILLIKEN, died on August, 1, 1906, aged 2 years.

  2. William Milller MILLIKEN, second son of James Milliken, born at Loughhead about 1853; and married Elizabeth McMeekin. He appears to have inherited his father's land at Ballystrudder where presumably he built his Boghall farm and reared a family of three daughters and one son, called James. Here he lived until his death on May 19, 1922 at the age of 69, having predeceased his wife who died on March 6, 1955, aged 99 years.

    1. Mary Eliza MILLIKEN, born on September 5, 1881, at Ballystrudder; never married and lived in Whitehead in 1960.
    2. Margaret MILLIKEN, born on March 21, 1883, at Ballymuldrough; went to work with the Post Office in Manchester, but took ill and had to return home and died shortly afterwards aged about 20 years.
    3. Sarah MILLIKEN, born on April, 1885, at Ballymuldrough; never married and lived in Whitehead in 1960.
    4. Maud Miller MILLIKEN, born on June 29, 1887, at Ballymuldrough.
    5. James MILLIKEN, born on April 11, 1890, at Ballymuldrough; married Isobella Robertson, who died on December 5, 1954, leaving no family.
    6. Sarah McMeekin MILLIKEN, born on December 2, 1892, at Ballymuldrough.
    7. William Miller MILLIKEN, born on January 16, 1896, at Ballymuldrough.

  3. John MILLIKEN, third son of James Milliken, born at Loughhead, Temple Effin. He went to college and studied for the ministry. He was ordained as minister of the Congregation of Armoy, near of the town of Ballymoney, Co. Antrim. He remained until May 1885, when he accepted the invitation of the committee of Belfast Presbytery in charge of church extension in the city, to begin the work of gathering a congregation and worshipping a few years in a hall, and when about 150 families had signified their intention of joining the congregation, they built a large and beautiful stone church capable of accommodating 1000 people at a cost of £5000. The congregation was composed chiefly of operatives in mills and labouring classes, and consequently the membership was subject to great fluctuation. He married Miss. McCuthen of Dublin and had two daughters, Madge and Mona.

  4. James MILLIKEN, youngest son of James Milliken, born at Loughead, Islandmagee in 1857, and married Helena Hill, born at Knowhead in 1872, Islandmagee. James emigrated to Australia in 1882 (alone) and farmed at Darawank, New South Wales. James returned to Loughead in 1892, married Helena on November 24, 1892, and he returned to Australia the following years with his new bride. James died in 1936 and Helena died in 1944.

    1. Mary Elizabeth MILLIKEN, born 1893, retired school teacher, lived at Darawank, died in 1981, not married.
    2. Anna MILLIKEN, born 1895, lived at Darawank, died in 1980, not married.
    3. William Millar MILLIKEN, born in 1896, died in 1948, married Thelma Amelia Thompson in 1942. He was a contractor. One son David Ross Milliken (Michel), two grandchildren and three-grandchildren.
    4. James Archibald (Tim) MILLIKEN, born 1898, died in 1960 and married Eleanor Bryan. Had a son Stanley, who had four children and 14 grandchildren.
    5. John Colville MILLIKEN, born 1900 and died in 1911. Died in early boyhood through a farming accident.
    6. Robert Hill MILLIKEN, born 1902, died in 1978. Married Ella Wright in 1970, not children.
    7. Thomas Millar MILLIKEN, born 1903, died in 1991. Married Alice Wooster. They had two children, six grandchildren and two great grand children.
    8. Helena Margaret (Jean) MILLIKEN, born 1907, died in 1989. Married Paton Breckenridge. They had two children, five grandchildren and two great grandchildren.
    9. David Harkness MILLIKEN, born 1907, died in 1969. Married Thelma Cross who died in an accident. They had two children, Susan and Robert.

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September, 2013.