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The Regarde Bien

Issue No. 11


Two months ago a message was sent out inviting everyone to subscribe to a Website set up to post updates and provide a forum for discussing issues on the 2001 Gathering planned for August of this year. It is proposed that we meet up in Salt Lake City, an ideal venue for those who also wish to combine some research at the Mormon Family History Library. Jan Gow, genealogist, has kindly offered to help with the practical organisation. Ideally, it would help if people wishing to attend could let us know by the end of February, so that a provisional booking can be made for accommodation. A booking has been made for 24 & 25 August. The booking is under Hooked on Genealogy Tours at the moment.

The cost per night, 2 people per room, is $US79. A third bed can be ‘put up’ for another person at approximately $US10 extra per night. It is anticipated that people will make their own way to Salt Lake City and the hotel. As for the actual Gathering, we would plan to book a hall either at the hotel or Mormon Family History Library. If you are planning to join the Gathering in August - the dates are still to be confirmed - can you register your name on the Mullikine Webpage which can be accessed through the following hypertext:

Check out: -

This is not a New Genealogical Website. It has been given the name “Mullikine”, a surname that will be familiar to all the readers of this News Letter and one that will readily identify the descendants of the ancient family of Amuligane, whose Chiefs were known as the Lairds of Blackmyre. If you are planning to attend this Our First International Gathering, we would appreciate if you could let us know as soon as possible by registering your name. We look forward to hearing from you and hope the Gathering will bring together kinsfolk from all the variant surnames and families of Milliken, Millikin, Milligan, Millican, Millikan, Mulliken and Mullikin.

Milliken House

In the last issue of the Regarde Bien, I included a photograph of the Milliken-Napier coat of arms, engraved on a beautifully preserved stone edifice that once dominated Milliken House. This is all that remains of that grand old mansion house built by Sir William Milliken-Napier in 1826, only a few hundred yards from the first house built by his ancestor, Major James Milliken, and which unfortunately, was destroyed by a fire in 1801. Several photographs of Milliken House still exist and I have included one below - I understand this one was taken about 1920. It is just possible to make out the Milliken-Napier arms, which protrude above the upper floor window in the portico, that over looks the main entrance with its four great columns. By the time this photograph was taken, Milliken House had lay uninhabited for sometime.

In 1886, Sir Archibald Lennox Milliken-Napier sold the estate of Milliken along with its elegant mansion house to Archibald McKenzie Esq., a man, who during his time as Laird of Milliken, would sell off the old estate piecemeal. It had in 1886 comprised the town of Kilbarchan and eleven farms, known as Mains and Barbush, Windyhill, Boghouse, Tweeniehills, Sandholes, Waterstone and Wheatlands, Panneld, Todholes, Milliken Mill, Over Johnstone and Nether Johnstone extending to about 1564 acres, but by 1921, when McKenzie finally sold what was left of the old estate, it comprised a mere 447 acres. McKenzie sold the property to the famous Scottish architect, James Boswell, who subsequently demolished the old house in 1923. He used much of the masonry to expand the factor’s house, which become Boswell’s home and known as the White House of Milliken. This fine Georgian House now comprises the small estate of Milliken, which extends to about 132 acres set in rich parkland.

The Farmtoun of Milliganton

Besides the old farms of Strathmilligan and Cormilligan, which are located in the parish of Tynron in the district of Nithsdale in Dumfriesshire, there are also two farms bearing the placename of Milliganton in the same district, the oldest of which lies in the parish of Dunscore. For the benefit of those who wish to check the location of this farmtoun in the Ordnance Survey Map, it is located east of the little village of Dunscore, on a side road that wends it’s way from the B 729 to join the A 76, the main Dumfries and Ayr road. Very little is known about the early history of Milliganton, let alone the first “M” who give the farm it’s name. Consequently, over the years I have tried to learn as much as I can about it’s origins, which stretch back over a period, spanning nearly 600 years.

The earliest notice as far as can be traced is found in a Papal Commission, dated 13th September, 1465, confirming certain charters which had been granted by the Abbot and Convent of the Monastery of Melrose in augmentation of their rental and for certain sums of money paid to them by John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland (sic. Alisland). The charters were granted in favour of the said John and his heirs male for the £4 land of old extent of Friars Carse with the fishings and mill of the same called Grange Mill, and the astricted multures of £36 land of like extent, viz. “dalgoner, killelego, Brischevalay, ovir and nethir Bairdwel, dempsterton, ovir and nethir Lagan, ovir and nethir Dunscoir, Ryddymuir, Edgerston, Mulygaston, Kilry, Ferdninowel at hill”[1]. Had we been able to see the original rental and charters belonging to the monks of Melrose, it is almost certain that these names would have been spelt in the same form and style as they appear in the Papal Commission.

Later charters granting the £36 land of Dalgoner etc. to the Kirkpatricks of Ellisland, do survive and can be found in Charles Romanes’ book Selections from The Records of the Regality of Melrose, which records a number of charters granted to the Kirkpatricks some of which I have listed belong in chronological order:

Grant by Andrew, Abbot of Melrose, to John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland and his heirs of the office of baillie over the £36 lands of Dalgonar, Killelago, Braschevalay, Pundland, Nether Breidwell, Dempsterton, Over and Nether Lag [sic.], Over and Nether Duniskorie, Riddynnis, Edgarstoun, Mulliganstoun, Culroy and Ferdynnovellhill in the parish of Dunskore”. Dated 4th April, 1536 [p. 387].

Charter by Andrew, Abbot of Melrose, to John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland for the £4 lands of Friar Carse, with the fishing and mill thereof called the Grange Milne, in the parish of Dunscore, along “with the astricted multures of the £36 lands of Dalgonar, Killelago, Braschevalay, Pundland, Nether Breidwell, Dempsterton, Over and Nether Lagan, Over and Nether Dunisker, Riddynnis, Edgarstoun, Mulliganstoun, Culroy and Ferdynnovellhill”.
Dated 5th April, 1536 [385].

Precept of Clare Constat in favour of Thomas Kirkpatrick as heir of the deceased John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland, his father, in the £4 lands of Friar Carse, with the fishing and mill thereof called the Grange Milne, in the parish of Dunscore, along “with the astricted multures of the £36 lands named in the preceding charter.
Dated at Melrose 8th [blank] 1553 [387].

Charter to John Kirkpatrick of Friars Carse of the £4 lands of Friar Carse, with the fishing and mill thereof called the Grange Milne, in the parish of Dunscore, along “with the astricted multures of the £36 lands of Dalgonar, Killelago, Braschevalay, Pundland, Nether Beridweill, Dempstertoune, Over and Nether Lagane, Over and Nether Dunscoir, Riddmess, Edgarstoune, Mulliganstoun, Culroy and Ferdynnovellhill”.
Dated – December 1585 [402].

Precept of Clare Constat in favour of John Kirkpatrick now of Ellisland as heir of the deceased Thomas Kirkpatrick of Ellisland, his father, in the £36 lands of Friars Carse with the fishing and the mill thereof called Grange Milne in the parish of Dunscore, along with the astricted multures of the £36 lands of “Dalgouar, Killelago, Breschewallace, Pundland, Nether Beridwall, Dempstertoun, Over and Nether Lagane, Over and Nether Dunscoir, Riddinis, Edgarstoun, Muliganstoun, Culroy and Ferdinnovallhill”. Dated at Linlithgow --- December, 1585 [323].

Precept of Clare Constat in favour of John Kirkpatrick now of Ellisland as heir of the deceased Thomas Kirkpatrick of Ellisland, his father, of the office of bailliary of the £36 lands of old extent “Dalgonar, Killelago, Breschewallay, Nether Berduell, Dempstertoun, Over and Nether Lagane, Over and Nether Dunscoir, Riddinis, Edgarstoun, Amuliganstoun, Culroy and Ferdmanellhill with pertinents in the parish of Dunscoir ”. Dated at Linlithgow --- December, 1585 [324].

The charters listed above are almost identical in wording to the Papal Commission of 1465, which clearly suggests, that by then, the land of “Mulygaston” was already an established farmtoun. It is interesting to note from this list, that the name Mulliganstoun was also being spelt as Amuligantoun. In his book, The Story of Dunscore, Jack Masterton comments that “from 12th to 16th centuries, the monks [of Melrose] played a vital part in the life of the parish. They were justly famed for their ability as farmers and stockbreeders. By their drainage methods and river control they turned marshes into good farm land. But, after improvement, they preferred to rent the land to tenants, whom they continued to direct and encourage”[2]. By 1465, the monks evidently decided it was time to subinfeudate the £36 lands of Dalgoner etc, and along with the right to bailliary, which they granted to John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland. It will be asked then at what point in time did Milliganton acquire its name?

Before we can begin to try and answer this question, we must return to Charles Romanes’ book Selections from The Records of the Regality of Melrose to find out the names of the earliest known occupants, whose names only date from the second half of the 1500s. I have listed two documents below that tell us the property was by 1565, sublet to the Griersons, a family who are said to have been old native tenants of the merkland of Amiliganton.

Instrument of Sasine following on a charter granting to Thomas Kirkpatrick of Friar Carse the 24s. 6d. lands, of which a 6s. 3d. land in Edzarstoune is occupied by John Murehead, a 6s. 3d. land in McCubbynstoun by Robert [blank], a 5s. in Mauchanstoun Riddynnis by Roger Hayning, and a 7s. land in Fardingwell by Andrew Murehead, lying in the parish of Dunscoir. Dated 30th August 1565 and witnessed by Richard Kirkpatrick in Ellisland, Andrew Murehead in Ferdynwell, and Gilbert Grier in Amwlliganstoun, Harbert Andersone, clerk of the diocese of Glasgow being notary [389].

Crown Charter by King James VI narrating that the predecessors of the John Grierson, natural son of the deceased Roger Grierson in Amiligantoun, were old native tenants of the merkland of Amiliganton alias Ferdindaunblaine, which were enjoyed by the said deceased Roger for these many years past, and therefore granting and confirming to the said John Grierson and the lawful heirs of his body, whom failing, the heirs whomsoever of the said deceased Roger, the said merkland of Amiligantoun alias Ferdindaunblaine, in the parish of Dunscoir, half of which merkland was occupied by the deceased Gilbert Grierson, and the other half by the deceased John Grier and Elizabeth McCubene, his spouse, and afterwards by the said deceased Roger Grierson; which entire merkland formerly belonging to the Abbacy of Melrose now belongs to the Crown by the act of annexation; paying yearly 24s. as the old rent, and 32d. of augmentation, with duplication at entry of heirs. Dated Edinburgh 17th June 1606 [394].

The second document provides an important clue; it indicates that at the time of the reformation of Scotland in 1560, the property belonged to Gilbert Grierson, who was almost certainly related to the Griersons of Lag. This family first settled in the Dunscore area after the year 1408 or thereabouts, when Gilbert Grierson of Ards acquired the lands of Lag from Cuthbert Macrath of Laught. The first recorded reference to the surname of Muligane appears in 1437, when Cuthbert Amuligane witnessed a charter confirming a grant for certain lands in Shinnel Glen to Gilbert’s son and heir, also called Gilbert Grierson, who by then had built a house in Lag. As already outlined in Issue # 7, besides the 1437 reference, Cuthbert also witnessed another charter granted by Gilbert at the tower of Lag in 1440, the same year in which we find the name of Donald Mulikan listed as a juror in a case brought before Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig, sheriff of Dumfries.

As far as I can trace, the first Muligane to actually be recorded and named as living in the parish of Dunscore doesn’t appear until 1535, when William Amuligane in Dempsterton was granted remission for his part in the Gilmerston Raid of 1531. Of course, the farmtoun of Dempsterton was also one of the fourteen farmtouns granted to John Kirkpatrick of Ellisland, and which, just happens to lie next to the land of Lag. A good number of the early charters relating to the Griersons of Lag have survived along with those relating the barony of Snade. These record the names of a number of “Ms”, but like so many early charters and instrument of sasines, few of the documents in which the “Ms” appear as witnesses give their place of residence. One charter, however, should raise more than just an eyebrow, it concerns a property acquired by Vedast Grierson of Lag, which I have abstracted and included below.

Instrument recording that Vedast Grierson of Lag went in person to the lands betwixt the Water in the parish of Troqueer in Kirkcudbrightshire, that is to the house of Patrick McQuonquhe, and that he there took up earth and stones with these words “I justly break and destroy the intrusion, called sasine, wrongfully taken by William McCulloch of these lands with their pertinents” and he cast down the earth and stones in front of the house and broke, destroyed, annulled and quashed the said intrusion, called sasine, as far as in him lay. Done in the house of Patrick McQuonquhe at the hour of eleven before noon and dated 18th October, 1457. Witnessed by Andrew Grierson, Adam de Gordon, Finlay McIhauch, Matthew McMurdie, Andrew Grierson and Donald de Meligane [4].

All the men listed in this charter, either were kinsmen, friends or servants of Grierson, with the last named, Donald de Meligane, probably being the scribe. His name is of interest, as the style adopted indicates not only a surname but also place of location. It is known, for example, that the farmtoun of Gordieston, which lies west of the little village of Dunscore, takes its name from Adam de Gordon, a younger member of the Gordons of Lochinvar in Galloway. Perhaps the link between the surname McMurdie and the farm of McMurdoston, which lies next to Milliganton, is even more uncanny. It all seems too much to be a simple co-incident. And yet, it gets even better, in 1482, one John de Meligane was tried at the burgh court of Dumfries for assaulting a man by the name of John Halliday, whose surname still survives in the place name of Hallidayhill which lies next to Lag and barely a mile or two from Milliganton.
1. Reid, R. C. (editor): Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History & Antiquarian Society, 1915-16, 3rd Series, Volume IV, p. 47-48.
2. Romanes, Charles S. (editor): Selections From The Records of the Regality of Melrose and From the Manuscripts of the Earl of Haddington, 1917, published by Scottish History Society, Vol. III, p. 385.
3. Masterton, Jack: The Story of Dunscore 1969, p. 7.
4. Scottish Record Society: The Lag Charters 14-1720, no. 8

The Millikens of Boston

This article has been moved to the following webpage - Mullikens of Boston and Scarborough

Thomas Milliken of the Island of St. Kitt

After the treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the Island of St. Christopher in the West Indies became wholly an English territory and applications for land where submitted by colonist. A large number of bids were made by persons of ‘worth’ and included James Milliken and Thomas Milliken. The latter turns out to be a master mariner and though he eventually acquired a small plantation on the island, he continued to sail his vessel, the McDowell, shipping sugar and other goods between the West Indies and Britain. He was almost certainly engaged in the traffic of goods between the West Indies and the American Colonies, and I now wonder if it is possible he is the same Thomas, who with his wife, Elizabeth Mulliken, appear in Boston in 1692. This would make good sense for in 1692 James Milliken was admitted, freely, guild brother of the burgh of Irvine, a seaport situated on the Ayrshire coastline, for services done and to be done. These words may indicate he was engaged in the shipment of goods either as a ship owner or as merchant.

It is no co-incident that we find James Milliken turning up at the port of Irvine in 1692, for his uncle, also called James Milliken, was both a merchant and the town’s Baillie. He founded the merchant company of Hugh Milliken & Co. in Port Glasgow, whilst James Milliken became one of the founding partners of the great West Indies Company of Alexander Houston and Co. in Glasgow. Both these companies were for most of the 1700s, actively engaged in the shipment of sugar and tobacco from the West Indies, Maryland and Virginia to Scotland. If Thomas Milliken, master mariner of the Island of St. Christopher, can be identified as the same Thomas Mulliken of Boston, the proof of which may be found in the Boston archives, another avenue of research will have been opened up that once again leads back to Scotland and in particular - Ayrshire. I know very little about Thomas Milliken, but believe he had children, none of whom appear to have returned to Scotland or Ireland. I can only surmise that they either remained in the West Indies or settled in North America.

The 1630 Muster Rolls of Ulster

The following list of Muster Rolls cover the remaining counties of Ulster not included in Issue #8 of the Regarde Bien.

County Donegal
John Murray, Earl of Annandale, undertaker of the barony of Boylagh & Danagh.
British tenants - 143.
Molligan, George ………… no arms
Milligan, John younger …… no arms

County Tyrone
Capt. Alexander Sanderson, proprietor of Tullelegan in the barony of Dungannon.
British tenants - 36.
Myllikin, William …………. sword only.

Sir James Erskine knt., proprietor of Portclare, Ballykirgir & Ballymackell in the barony of Clogher.
British tenants - 138.
Melikin, James …………. sword & snaphance
Melikin, David ………… sword & clever

Sir William Parsons, proprietor of Ballyclough in the barony of Clogher. British tenants - 59.
Millikin, Gilbert ………… sword & pike

Lord Bishop of Clogher, his Church lands in the barony of Clogher. British tenants - 64.
Millikin, David …………. arms not given

1871 Census of Middlesborough

The following list of Milligans was found in the 1871 Census for Middlesborough, Edinburgh.

RG10/4890 / f 50 / p 35 & 36 / ns 173 @ 7 Mason Street, Middlesborough.
John Miligan (sic) head, married, 45, labourer, Ireland
Alice Ann Miligan wife, married, 35, Ireland
Andrew Miligan son, 14, labourer, Scotland
Michael Miligan son, l3, labourer, Scotland
Owen Miligan son, 6, Yks, Middlesbrough
John Miligan son, 4, Yks, Middlesbrough
Henry Miligan son, 7, Scotland
Mary Miligan dau, 11m, Yks, Middlesbrough

[Email address: -]

Joseph Milligan & Elizabeth McMicken

Does anyone hold information on Joseph Milligan & Elizabeth McMicken who moved into the Frankfort, KY area then up towards Falmouth, KY. They are believed to have had other kin that resided in the Midland, KY area. They are known to have had about five children:
Joseph Milligan Jr.
Fred Milligan
Leonard "Lennie" Milligan
Edna Milligan
Unknown son.
Later Joseph owned some type of tin shop in Cincinnati, OH, and is thought to have died sometime between 1913-1917 in KY.

Matthew Milligan & Elizabeth Dickson

Matthew Milligan born about 1811 in Ireland; died between 1851 – 1857, married Elizabeth Dickson (born about 1813, St. Quivox, Ayrshire, died before 1875) on 23rd October, 1831, in the parish of St. Quivox and Newton, Ayrshire.

1. Francis Milligan born about 1833, St. Quivox, Ayrshire; died 25th December 1875: married Margaret Frew (born 12th January 1834, Old Monkland, Scotland) on 10th April 1857 in parish of St. Quivox & Newton, Ayrshire.
2. Matthew Milligan born about 1835 St. Quivox; died in 1876; married Marion Roy (born in 1842, Kilmarnock) on 31st December 1861 in Kilmarnock.
3. Jean Milligan, born about 1838 St. Quivox.
4. Christina Milligan, born about 1840 St. Quivox.
5. John Milligan born about 1842 St. Quivox; married Mary Murray on 30th December 1864 in Kilmarnock; died before 1875-1881.
6. Allan Milliken born on 21st May 1844 St. Quivox.
7. Grace Milliken born about 12sst February 1849, Whillells? St. Quivox; married Thomas Johnson (born 1847, Kilmarnock) on 6th July 1872 in Kilmarnock.
8. Thomas Milligan born 13th April 1852, St. Quivox; married Mary Paterson (born about 1857, Kilmarnock) on 29th October 1875 in Kilmarnock.

Any help would be gratefully appreciated on both these families.

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February, 2001.