AI = Annals of Inisfallen 438-1450
AT = Annals of Tigernach 488-1178
AU = Annals of Ulster 431-1541
CS = Chronicon Scotorum 353-1150
FM = Annals of the Four Masters 123-1616
THE CHRONOLOGY FROM AD 900 TO AD 1099
CS 901: FM 896
Mael Bresail son of Mael Doraidh*, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed in the battle of Sailtini by Murchadh son of Mael Dúin, king of Cenél Eógain.
* Not recorded in the Annals of Ulster.
FM 901: AU 906: CS 906
Eigneachan son of Dalach, son of Muircheartach, lord of Cinel Conaill, died. Of his Eignechan's death was said:
Death has left destitute the hosts
who seek after precious gifts,
If it has changed the colour of a potent king;
great grief that Eigneach has died.
Eigneach, who was the sternest of youths,
King of the populous Cinel Conaill;
Alas that his shrunken,
colourless face is below the surface of the clay in death.
Innreachtach of populous Beannchair,
Ciarmhac of Gabhra of great renown,
Flann Feabhail generous and resolute,
Egneach of Sil Conaill of the good councils.
CS 904: FM 899
Fogartach son of Mael Ruanaid, king of Cenél Conaill, dies.
AU 906: CS 906
Éicnechán son of Dálach, king of Cenél Conaill, died.
A fleet of foreigners, consisting of thirty-two ships, at Loch-Feabhail, under Olbh; and Inis-Eoghain was plundered by them. Fearghal, son of Domhnall, lord of the North, was at strife with them, so that he slew the crew of one of their ships, broke the ship itself, and carried off its wealth and goods. Twenty ships more arrived at Ceann-Maghair, in the east of Tir-Chonaill, under the conduct of Uathmharan, son of Barith, but they committed no depredation on that occasion.
Cinaed son of Domnall, superior of Daire Calgaig and Druim Tuama, and chief counsellor of Cenél Conaill of the North, died.
A fleet of the foreigners came into Loch Febail, i.e. Acolb with thirty-two ships. Cennrig was quickly(?) and completely abandoned by them, except for a few who remained behind in it through sloth. Fergal son of Domnall, king of the North, was in hostilities with them, and killed the crew of one of their ships and wrecked the ship and took its booty. Another naval force was at Cenn Magair on the coast of Tír Conaill, i.e. under the son of Uathmarán son of Barid, with twenty ships.
Mael Ruanaid son of Flann, i.e. heir designate of Ailech, was killed by the Cenél Conaill.
A victory was gained at Tracht-Mugha, by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, over the Cinel-Eoghain and the foreigners of Loch-Feabhail, where three hundred of the Cinel-Eoghain and foreigners were slain, together with Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, heir apparent of the North.
Ua Canannan, i.e. Ru-aidhri, proceeded into Breagh, and left some of his army there with Conghalach.
A band of Ua Canannáin's followers were killed by Congalach and Amlaíb Cuaráin in Conaille.
An army was led by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain to Slaine, where the foreigners and the Irish met him, namely, Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh, and Amhlaeibh Cuaran; and the foreigners of Ath-cliath were defeated, and numbers slain and drowned.
Ruaidrí ua Canannáin led an army to Sláine, and the foreigners and Irish, i.e. Congalach son of Mael Mithig and Amlaíb Cuaráin, came upon him, and the foreigners of Áth Cliath were defeated, and many of them killed and drowned.
A victory was gained by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, in Meath, over Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh, where fell Conghalach, son of Ceallach, lord of Feara-Rois, and a number of others along with him.
Another hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain into Breagha; and he plundered all Breagha, and he reduced Conghalach to great straits. He encamped for the space of six months at Muine-Brocain, to reduce Meath and Breagha; and the dues of the King of Ireland were sent him from every quarter. A conflict afterwards took place between the Irish and the foreigners, namely, between Ruaidhri Ua Canannain and the foreigners of Ath-cliath, on the festival of Andrew the apostle precisely. The foreigners were defeated and slaughtered, for there fell six thousand mighty men, besides boys and calones; but Ruaidhri, heir to the sovereignty of Ireland, fell in the heat of that conflict, and Imhar, Tanist of the foreigners, also. Godfrey, however, i.e. the son of Sitric, escaped, and a few persons along with him.
Ua Canannáin made a foray and plundered Fir Lí and killed Flaithbertach ua Néill.
Niall Mothlach Ua Canannain was slain by the Cairbri-Mora.
A victory was gained over the Cinel-Conaill by Fearghal, son of Art, where Fiachra Ua Canannain was slain.
Ruaidrí ua Canannáin, i.e. heir designate of Ireland was killed by the foreigners after he had beleaguered Mide and Brega for six months and had inflicted a slaughter on the foreigners, to the number of two thousand or more. Niall ua Canannáin and a few others were also slain in a counterattack.—The battle of Muine Brócáin.
AU 957: CS 957: FM 955
Mael Coluim ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, died.
AU 962: CS 962
Aengus ua Maíl Doraid was killed by his own people.
Murcheartach, son of Eigneachan, son of Dalach, died.
Ua Canannain carried vessels with him on the lakes of Erne, so that the islands thereof were plundered by him.
Muircheartach Ua Canannain, lord of Cinel-Conaill, was killed by his own tribe.
Mael Ruanaidh grandson of Éicnecháin, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.
The Uí Chanannáin inflicted a battle-rout, and Domnall fell therein.
AU 967: FM 965
The battle of Formaíl was won by the Cenél Eógain over the Cenél Conaill, and Mael Ísu ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, and Muirchertach grandson of Tadc, heir designate of Connacht, and many others fell there.
Murchad son of Flaithbertach went on a foray in Cenél Conaill and took a great spoil; and one dart struck him, and he died thereof at Dún Clóitige, with communion and penance.
Gilla-Coluim Ua Canannain, lord of Cinel-Conaill, went upon a predatory excursion into Ui-Failghe, where the lord of Cairbre-mor, i.e. Fearghal, son of Fogartach, was lost on the expedition.
Gilla-Coluim Ua Canannain, lord of Cinel-Conaill, was slain by the king, Domhnall Ua Neill.
A naval victory was gained on Loch Eirne by the Airghialla, over the Cinel-Conaill, where many were slain, together with Niall Ua Canannain, and Ua Conghalaigh, and the son of Murchadh Glunillar, and other nobles.
AU 977: FM 975
Gilla Coluim ua Canannáin was killed by Domnall ua Néill.
The Airgialla inflicted a battle-rout on the Cenél Conaill, in which Niall ua Canannáin and many others fell.
AU 980: FM 978
Tigernán ua Mael Doraidh, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.
Tigernán ua Mael Doraidh, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.
AU 990: FM 989
Aed ua Maíl Doraid, i.e. king of Cenél Conaill, died.
FM 992: AU 993
Domhnall and Flaithbheartach, two sons of Gillacoluim, son of Canannan, were slain.
Ruaidrí son of Niall ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, dies.
Flaithbertach ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.
An army was led by Brian to Mag Corainn and he brought away the king of Cenél Conaill i.e. Mael Ruanaidh ua Maíl Doraidh subject to him to Cenn Coradh.
Maelruanaidh ua Maeldoraidh, king of Cenél Conaill, went overseas on pilgrimage.
Mael Ruanaidh ua Maíldoraidh died on pilgrimage.
Muirchertach ua Maíl Doraid was killed by the Uí Chanannáin.
Ruaidrí ua Canannáin was killed by Aed ua Néill.
Aed ua Néill made a raid on Tír Conaill in the snow, and killed ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill.
Domnall ua Maíl Doraid, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed.
Domnall son of Maelruanaidh ua Maíldoraidh, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by the sons of Fiangus.
Flaithbertach ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, died.
Niall Ua Maíldoraidh, king of Cenél Conaill, died on pilgrimage.
Gilla Críst ua Maíl Doraid, successor of Colum Cille both in Ireland and Scotland, and Mael Ruanaid ua Daigre, chief confessor of the north of Ireland, fell asleep in Christ.
Termonn Da-Beóc was plundered by Ruaidrí ua Canannán, and God and Da-Beóc took vengeance before a year was out.
Ruaidrí ua Canannán, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by ua Maeldoraid, i.e. Aenghus.
Donnchad ua Canannán, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed.
Domnall ua Canannáin, king of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.
Aed ua Canannán, king of Cenél Conaill, was blinded by Domnall ua Lochlainn, king of Ailech.