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CENEL CONAILL

NORTHERN BRANCHES OF Ui NEILL

Extracts from the Annals of Ireland


~~~ Section IV ~~~



REFERENCES

AI = Annals of Inisfallen 438-1450
AT = Annals of Tigernach 488-1178
AU = Annals of Ulster 431-1541
CS = Chronicon Scotorum 353-1150
FM = Annals of the Four Masters 123-1616

Names underlined refer to the kings of Cenel Conaill.


THE CHRONOLOGY FROM AD 691 TO AD 899


AU 696

Loingsech son of Aengus begins to reign [as king of Tara].


AU 703

The battle of Corann in which fell the king of Ireland, Loingsech son of Aengus son of Domnall son of Aed son of Ainmire, i.e. by Cellach of Loch Cime son of Ragallach, together with his three sons, and two sons of Colgu, and Dub Díberg son of Dúngal and Fergus Forcraid and Congal of Gabar, and many other leaders. On Saturday, the fourth of the Ides of July, at the sixth hour, this battle was fought. The battle of Corann, in which fell Loingsech son of Aengus, king of Ireland, with his three sons, and also the king of Cairpre Droma Cliab, the king of Uí Chonaill Gabra, and ten other Irish kings. The battle was fought at Claenfhinn in Óenach Loga situate between Cenél Conaill and Connachta. Cellach of Loch Cime son of Ragallach son of Uata, king of Connacht, and . . .

AU 707: FM 705

The slaying of Indrechtach son of Dúnchad of Muirisc. Fergal son of Mael Dúin and Fergal son of Loingsech and Conall Menn, king of Cenél Cairpri, slew him.

CS 707

The slaying of Indrechtach son of Dúnchad i.e. of Muirisc, king of the three Connachta. Fergal son of Mael Dúin, king of Cenél Eógain, and Fergal son of Loingsech, king of Cenél Conaill, slew him.

AI 722

A battle between the Uí Néill and the Laigin, i.e. the battle of Uchub, in which fell Ferga, son of Mael Dúin, and many nobles with him, and [there was also a] great slaughter of the Laigin; and Flaithbertach reigned over Uí Néill.

AU 727: FM 721

The battle of Druim Fornocht* between Cenél Conall and Cenél Eógain, in which Flann son of Aurthuile and Snédgus Derg, descendant of Mrachide, were killed.

* Four Masters adds that this battle was fought by Flaithbheartach son of Loingseach and Aedh Allan son of Fearghal, and Aedh Allan was defeated and the chiefs slain on the side of Aedh were Flann, son of Erthaile, and Snedgus Dearg Ua Brachaidhe.

AU 728: AT 728

The battle of Druim Corcain between Flaithbertach son of Loingsech and Cinaed son of Írgalach son of Conaing Cumach son of Congalach son of Aed Sláine, in which Cinaed, and Eudus son of Ailill, Mael Dúin son of Feradach, and Dúnchad son of Cormac fell.

AT 728

Flaithbertach son of Loingsech took the kingship of Ireland.

AU 732

A battle between Cenél Conaill and Cenél Eógain, in which Aed son of Fergal triumphed over Flaithbertach son of Loingsech* son of Aengus son of Domnall son of Aed son of Ainmire of whose force these leaders were killed: Flann Gohan son of Congal son of Fergus, Flaithgus son of Dub Díberg.

* Four Masters under AD 729 records that after Flaithbertach son of Loingseach, son of Aenghus, had been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died at Ard Macha having resigned his kingdom for a monastic life.

AU 733

Another encounter between Aed son of Fergal and the Cenél Conaill in Mag Itha in which Conaing son of Congal son of Fergus and many others fell.

AU 734: AT 734

An encounter in Mag Itha between Flaithbertach son of Loingsech and Fergal's son—Aed Allán—in which the Uí Echdach of Cenél Eógain and others fell.

AU 735: AT 735

A battle in the territory of Muirtheimne between the Uí Néill and the Ulaid, in which Aed Rón, king of Ulaid, and Conchad son of Cuanu, king of Cuib, fell. Aed son of Fergal was victor.

AU 738: AT 738

The battle of Áth Senaig i.e. the 'battle of groans' on the 14th of the Kalends of September, the sixth feria, between the Uí Néill and the Laigin was sternly fought, and the two kings respectively, leaders firm and exalted i.e. Aed Allán king of Temair and Aed son of Colgu king of Laigin. One of them i.e. Aed Allán, though wounded, survived triumphant, but the other i.e. Aed son of Colgu was beheaded by a battle-sword. Then the descendants of Conn enjoyed a tremendous victory, when in extraordinary fashion they rout, trample, crush, overthrow and destroy their Laigin adversaries, so much so that almost the entire enemy is well nigh annihilated, there being a few messengers to bring back the tidings. And men say that so many fell in this great battle that we find no comparable slaughter in a single onslaught and fierce conflict throughout all preceding ages. There fell in the battle, moreover, excellent leaders: Aed son of Colgu, Bran Bec son of Murchad i.e. two kings of Laigin, Fergus son of Maenach, Dub dá Crich son of the grandson of Cellach son of Trian, i.e. two lords of Fothairt, Fiangalach grandson of Mael Aitchen, Conall great grandson of Aithechda, four sons of Flann grandson of Congal, Éladach grandson of Maelodar, and many others, and for the sake of brevity, they are here omitted.

AU 741

The killing of Murchad son of Fergal son of Mael Dúin.

AU 743: AT 743: AI 743

The battle of Seredmag won by Domnall son of Murchad, i.e. in Cenannas, in which fell Aed Allán son of Fergal and Cumuscach son of Conchobor, king of Int Airthir, and Maenach son of Conlaech, king of Uí Chremthainn, and Muiredach son of Fergus Forcraidh, king of Uí Thuirtre.

AU 747: AT 747: FM 742

Aed Muinderg, son of Flaithbertach, king of the North*, died.

* The first reference to this title in the Annals of Ulster e.g. king of the North.

AU 754: AT 754

Loingsech m. Flaithbertaigh rex Generis Conaill moritur.

Loingsech son of Flaithbertach, king of Cenél Conaill, dies.

AU 765: AT 765

Death of Flaithbertach son of Loingsech, king of Temair, in religious life.

AI 767: AU 767: FM 762

The slaying of Murchad son of Flaithbertach, king of Cenél Conaill.

AU 770

An encounter between Donnchad son of Domnall and Cellach son of Donnchad, and Donnchad went with the army of the Uí Néill against the Laigin and the Laigin eluded him, and went to Scé Nechtain. The Uí Néill remained seven days in Ráith Ailinne, and burned all the confines of the Laigin with fire.

AU 779

A hosting by Donnchad into In Fochla, and he took hostages from Domnall son of Aed Muinderg, king of the North.

AU 784

A battle won by Donnchad* son of Aed Muinderg over the Cenél Bogaine.

* Should this be Domnall son of Aed Muinderg?

AU 786

Mors Forbasaigh m. Sechnusaigh regis Gentis Bógaine.

Death of Forbasach son of Sechnusach, king of Cenél Bógaine.

AU 787

A battle between Cenél Conaill and Cenél Eógain, in which Mael Dúin son of Aed Allán was victor, and Domnall son of Aed Muinderg was put to flight.

AU 789.12

The battle of Clóitech between Cenél Eógain and Cenél Conaill in which Cenél Conaill were overthrown, and Domnall escaped—i.e. the battle of Clóitech won by Aed Oirdnide.

FM 794

Dunfhlaith, daughter of Flaithbheartach, son of Loingseach, died.

AU 804

Domnall son of Aed Muinderg, king of the North, dies.

AU 815

Colman m. Nell iugulatus est a Genere Conaill. Slogad la Aedh iarum for Cenel Conaill i torcair Rogaillnech m. Flaithgusa.

Colmán son of Niall was killed by the Cenél Conaill. Aed afterwards made an expedition against Cenél Conaill, on which Rogaillnech son of Flaithgus fell.

AU 817: FM 813

Mael Duin son of Cenn Faelad, superior of Ráith Both, a member of Colum Cille's community, was slain. Colum Cille's community went to Temair to excommunicate Aed.

AU 817

Colum Cille's community went to Temair to excommunicate Aed.

AU 819: CS 819

A skirmish between the Cenél Eógain and the Cenél Conaill in which Mael Bresail son of Murchad, king of Cenél Conaill, fell. Murchad son of Mael Dúin was victor.

AU 820

Murchad, with the northern Uí Néill, made an expedition to Druim ind Eich; Conchobor with the southern Uí Néill, and the Laigin moved northwards, till at length God by his great power separated them.

AU 847

Mael Goán son of Echaid, king of Cenél Bógaine, died.

AU 870: CS 870

Dálach son of Muirchertach, chief of Cenél Conaill, was killed by his own people.

AU 879

Ualgarg son of Flaithbertach, heir designate of the North, dies.

CS 882: AU 882

Flann son of Mael Sechnaill led an army both of foreigners and Irish into the North. He camped at Mag eter dí Glais, and they invaded Ard Macha, and he took the hostages of Cenél Conaill and Cenél Eógain on that occasion.

AU 889: CS 889

An expedition by Domnall son of Aed with the men of the north of Ireland against the southern Uí Néill.

FM 896: CS 901

Maelbreasail son of Maeldoraidh, lord of Cinel Conaill, was slain in the battle of Sailtin, by Murchadh son of Maelduin, lord of Cinel Eoghain.

Genelach Cenuiuil Conaill (Rawlinson B. 502 (ca. 1120 AD))

Máel Bresail m. Máel Doraid m. Óengusa m. h-Irchada m. Máel Bresail m. Flaithbertaich m. Loingsich m. Óengusa m. Domnaill m. Áeda m. Ainmerech m. Sétnai m. Fergusa m. Conaill Gulban m. Néill Noígiallaig.

FM 899: CS 904

Fogartach son of Maeldoraidh, lord of Cinel Conaill, fell upon his own javelin, and died of it the wound; of whom was said:

The great deeded chieftain of Eas Ruaidh,
about whom great hosts used to assemble,
He took a Lethiferous drink dangerous truly,
after persecuting the descendant of Jesse (i.e. Christ).




Section IV AD 900 to AD 1099




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