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CENEL CONAILL AND CENEL EOGAIN

NORTHERN BRANCHES OF Ui NEILL

Extracts from the Annals of Ireland


~~~ Section III ~~~



REFERENCES

AI = Annals of Inisfallen 438-1450
AT = Annals of Tigernach 488-1178
AU = Annals of Ulster 431-1541
CS = Chronicon Scotorum 353-1150
FM = Annals of the Four Masters 123-1616

Names underlined refer to the kings of Cenel Conaill.


THE CHRONOLOGY FROM AD 562 TO AD 690

AT 562

Cath Mona Daire Lothair for Cruithnib ria n-Uib Neill in tuaiscirt, a n-dorcratar .uii. righ Cruithnech im Aed m-Brecc*. Baedan mac Cuind co n-dib Chruithnib nod-fig fri Cruithniu, & Cenel n-Eoghain & Conaill nod-fichset conducti mercede na Lea & Arda Eolairg. De quo Cend Faeladh cecinit:

Sinsit faebuir, sinsit fir
a Moín deirg Daire Lothair,
adhbur comrainne nad cert,
secht rig Cruithneach im Aedh m-Brecc.

Fichthir cathCruithe n-uile.
ocus for-loiscther Elne,
fichthir cath Gabra Liffi
ocus cath Cuile Dremne.

Bensat giallu iar congail
as siar im chnuas n-uach,
Fergus, Domnall, Ainmire
ocus Nindidh mac Duach.

Fillis da mac Meic Earca
ar cend in chatha cetna
ocus in rí Ainmire
ad-bath a selbaib Setna.


[Translation] The battle of Móin Daire Laothair gained over the Picts by the Uí Néill of the north, wherein fell seven Pictish kings, including Aodh Brecc. Baetán son of Conn, with two Picts fought it against the Picts, and the Kindred of Eogan and of Conall fought.it, hired by the recompense of the Lea and Ard Eolairg. Whereof Cennfaelad sang:

Weapons stretched, men stretched
On the red bog of Daire Lothair
Cause of an unjust partition
Seven Pictish kings with Aodh Brecc.

The battle of all the Picts is fought
And Elne is burned
Fought is the battle of Gabra Life
And the battle of Cúil Dremne.

They took away hostages after conflict
Thence, westward, together with a ... gathering
Fergus, Domnall, Ainmire
And Nindid son of Dua.

Mac Erca's two sons turned
To meet the same battle
And the king Ainmire
Died in the possessions of Setna.


* Book of Leinister, “Aed Brecc. i cath Monad Daire Lothair ro marbad & cethri rig Cruthen”, that is, fourth king of the Dail Araide.

AU 563

Bellum Mona Daire Lothair for Cruithniu re n-Uib Neill in Tuaisceirt*. Baetan m. Cinn co n-dib Cruithnibh nod-fich fri Cruithniu. Genus Eugain & Conaill mercede conducti inna Lee & Airde Eolargg.

The battle of Móin Daire Lothair won over the Cruithin by the Uí Néill of the North. Baetán son of Cenn with two branches of the Cruithin(?) fight it against the Cruithin. Cenél nEógain and Cenél Conaill were hired, being given the Lee and Ard Eolarg as recompense.

Weapons press forward, men press forward
In the great bog of Daire Lothair,
A cause of strife discomfited
Around the king of the Cruithin, Aed Brecc.

The battle of all the Cruithin is fought,
They burn Eilne;
The battle of Gabar Liphi is fought,

And the battle of Cúil Dreimne.

Hostages are taken away after conflict,
Away west, with a human harvest(?)
By Forgus, Domnall. Ainmire,
And Nainnid son of Daui.

Mac Erca's two sons returned
In the same manner;
The king Ainmire came back
With the possessions of Sétna.

Splendidly moves
Baetán's steed upon the host;
Well satisfied is Baetán of the yellow hair,
It will carry its little load(?) upon it.


* This appears to be an anachronism. The word Tuaiscirt is generally applied to the Ui Neill of the north from the 8th century onwards.

CS 563

Cath Mona Daire Lothair for Cruithnechaibh re hUibh Néll an tuaisgirt dú a ttorcrattar .uii. righ Cruithne um Aedh m-Brec. Baetan mac Cuind co ndibh Cruitnibh no fig fri Cruithne et Cinel nEoghain et Conaill no figset, conducti mercede na Lea & Ard Eolairg de quo Cennfaolad cecinit:

The battle of Móin Daire Lothair won over the Cruithin by the Uí Néill of the North, in which fell seven kings of the Cruithin including Aed Brec. Baetán son of Cenn with two branches of the Cruithin fight it against the Cruithin, and Cenél nEógain and Cenél Conaill fought it for hire, for the Lee and Ard Eolarg. Of this Cennfaelad sang:

Weapons press forward, men press forward
In the great bog of Daire Lothair,
A cause of strife discomfited,
Around the king of Cruithin, Aed Brecc.

The battle of all the Cruithin is fought,
They burn Eilne;
The battle of Gabar Liphi is fought,
And the battle of Cúil Dreimne.

Hostages are taken way after conflict,
Away west, with a (human harvest),
Fergus, Domnall, Aimire,
And Nainnid son of Daui.

The two sons of Mac Erca return
To join in the same battle;
And the King, Ainmire,
Returns into the possessions of Senna.


CS 563: AU 563: AI 563

Nauigatio Coluim Cille ad insolam Iae .xl ii. anno aetatis suae.

The voyage of Colum Cille to the Island of Í in the 42nd year of his age.

Prophecy of the blessed man [Colum Cille] regarding the Tumults of Battles fought at a distance.

ABOUT two years, as we have been told, after the battle of Cule-Drebene in Connaught, at which time the blessed man first set sail and took his departure from Scotia Ireland, it happened that on the very day and at the same hour when the battle, called in Scotic Ondemone near Coleraine, was fought in Scotia Ireland, the same man of God was then living in Britain with King Connall, the son of Comgell, and told him everything, as well about the battle itself, as also about those kings to whom the Lord granted the victory over their enemies. These kings were known as Ainmore, son of Setna, and the two sons of Mac Erca, Domnall and Forcus. And the saint, in like manner, prophesied of the king of the Cruithne, who was called Echoid Laib, and how, after being defeated, he escaped riding in his chariot.

[The Life of Columba, written by Adamnan c. 700]

AU 565

The slaying of Diarmait son of Cerball i.e. by Aed Dub son of Suibne; and the two sons of Mac Erca, Forgus and Domnall, succeeded him.

AU 566: CS 566: AT 565

The battle of Gabair Liphi. Forgus and Domnall were victors.

AU 566: CS 566: AT 565

Mors quoque Domnaill filii Muirchertaig mc. Earca cui successit Ainmire mc. Setni.

Also the death of Domnall son of Muirchertach Mac Erca, to whom succeeded Ainmire son of Sétna.

AT 568: CS 568

Bass Ainmireach maic Setna, ríg Erenn, la Fergus mac Nellin, de quo dictum est:

AU 569 or 576

The slaying of Ainmire son of Sétna by Fergus son of Néilléne.

Of this was said:

Feimen, when there was a king,
Was no abode lacking in valour;
Today its aspect is crimson
In the hands of Ainmire son of Sétna.


AI 569

Death of Ainmire son of Sétna, and of Baetán, son of Eochu.

CS 570: AU 570

The killing of Fergus son of Néilléne by Aed son of Ainmire.

AU 572: CS 572: AT 571: AI 571

Occisio da oea Muiredaigh, .i. Boetán mc. Muirchertaigh & Echaid mc. Domnaill, .i. m. Muirchertaigh mc. Erca, tertio anno regni sui. Cronan m. Tigernaigh, ri Ciannachtae Ghlenna Geimin occisor eorum erat.

The slaying of two descendants of Muiredach i.e. Baetán son of Muirchertach and Echaid son of Domnall son of Muirchertach Mac Erca, in the third year of their reign. Crónán son of Tigernach, king of the Ciannachta of Glenn Geimin, was their slayer.

A Prophecy of the blessed St. Columba regarding two other Kings, who were called the two grandsons of Muiredach Baitan, son of Maic Erc, and Eochoid, son of Domnall

AT another time, while travelling through the rough and rocky country which is called Artdamuirchol Ardnamurchan, he heard his companions, Laisran, son of Feradach, and Diormit, his minister, speaking on the way of the two above-named kings, and addressed them in these words, ‘O my dear children, why do you talk thus foolishly of these men? Both of these kings of whom you are now conversing are newly slain, and have had their heads cut off by their enemies. And this very day some sailors shall come here from Scotia Ireland, and tell you the same about these kings.’ That same day some sailors arrived from Hibernia, at a place which is called Muirbolc Paradisi Portnamurloch in Lismore, and told the two above-named companions, who were now sailing in the same ship with the saint, how these kings had been slain, and thus the prophecy of the venerable man fulfilled.

[The Life of Columba, written by Adamnan c. 700]

CS 573: AU 573

The battle of Feimen won by Cormac son of Crimthann, king of Mumu, in which Colmán Bec son of Diarmait was defeated; but he escaped.

CS 573: AU 574

Death in the sixteenth year of his reign of Conall son of Comgall, king of Dál Riata who granted the island of Ia to Colum Cille.

AU 575

The great convention of Druim Ceat at which were present Colum Cille and Aed son of Ainmire.

AU 577: CS 577

The killing of Aed son of Eochu Tirmcharna alias Timrim, son of Fergus son of Muiredach Mael son of Eógan Sreb son of Daui Galach son of Brion son of Eochu Muigmedón, by the Uí Briúin.

AU 580 or 586: AI 578: AT 578

The battle of Druim Meic Erce in which Colgu son of Domnall son of Muirchertach son of Muiredach grandson of Eógan fell. Aed son of Ainmire emerged victor.

AT 584

Baedan mac Níndedha, maic Conaill Gulban, rí Temrach, occisus est.

Baedan son of Nindid son of Dua son of Conall Gulban, king of Tara, was slain.

AU 586

The killing of Baetán son of Ninnid son of Daui alias son of Fergus Cennfhata son of Conall of Gulbu, king of Temair, who reigned one year.

AU 592: AT 584

Beginning of the reign of Aed son of Ainmire.

CS 598: AU 598: AT 596: AI 601

The battle of Dún Bolg, won by Brandub son of Eochu with the Laigin, on the 4th of the Ides of January, in which fell Aed son of Ainmire by Brandub son of Eochu and Béc son of Cuanu, king of Airgialla, and other nobles; of this was said:

At Buach
The wave dashes against the brink;
Accounts report, though abhorrent,
That Aedh, son of Ainmire, was slain;

His wife said:

There were three beloved sides
Of whose return there is no hope;
The side of Taillten, the side of Temhair,
And the side of Aedh, son of Ainmire.


AT 596

Initium regni Colman Rimedha & Aedha Slane simul.

AU 598: CS 598: AI 601

Beginning of the joint-reign of Colmán Rímid and Aed Sláine.

FM 598: AT 601: AU 603 - Ui Fiachrach

The battle of Eachros, in Muirisc, by Colman, chief of Cinel Cairbre, against Maelcothaigh, chief of Cinel Fiachrach, of Muirisc; and the battle was gained over Maelcothaigh.

AU 600

The slaying of Suibne son of Colmán Mór son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach by Aed Sláine in Brí Dam in the Suaine, i.e. a stream.

AU 602: CS 602: AT 600

Bellum Slenne in quo Colman Rimidh, rex Generis Eugain, uictor erat, & Conall Cuu m. Aedho m. Ainmirech fugitiuus alias fugitiuus euasit.

The battle of Slemain in which Colmán Rímid, king of Cenél nÉogain, was victor, and Conall Cú, son of Aed son of Ainmire, took flight or escaped by flight.

AU 603:AT 601 - Ui Fiachrach

Cath Eachrois i Muiriusc inter Genus Cairpri et Nepotes Fiachrach Muirsce. Mael Cothaigh, rí h-Úa Fiachrach in fugam uersus est. Colman rí Cairpri uictor erat.

The battle of Echros in Muiresc between Cenél Cairpri and Uí Fhiachrach Muirsce. Mael Cothaid, king of Uí Fhiachrach, was put to flight.

AU 604: CS 603: AT 602

The slaying of Colmán Rímid son of Baetán Bríge son of Muirchertach Mac Erca by a man of his own kindred i.e. by one of his kindred called Lochán Dilmana.

Of what value kingship, of what value law
Of what value power over princes
Since it is king Colmán the Counter
Whom Lochan Dithnadha has slain?


AU 604

The slaying of Aed Sláine son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach by Conall son of Suibne. They reigned together with equal power at Temair.

AU 604

Death of Conall Cú, son of Áed son of Ainmire.

AU 604

Mors Aed Buidi, rí Ceniul Maeni.

Aed Buide, king of Cenél Maine, died.

AU 605

Bellum Slaebhre in quo uictus est Brandubh mc. Eathach. Nepotes Neill uictores erant, .i. Aed Uaredac in quo tempore regnauit.

The battle of Slaebre in which Brandub son of Eochu was vanquished. The Uí Néill were the victors, i.e. Áed Uairidnach, who reigned at that time.

CS 608: AU 609

The killing of Sechnusach son of Garbán, king of Cenél Bógaine, by Domnall son of Aed.

AU 611

Death of Eógan son of Eochu Laib.

AU 612: AT 610

Mael Coba begins to reign this year.

AU 615: AI 616

The slaying of Mael Coba son of Áed in the battle of Sliab Tuath Bélgadhain, alias in the battle of Sliab Truim. Suibne Menn was victor.

AU 620

The slaying in Mag Slécht in the territory of Connacht of the kindred of Baetán i.e. of Ailill son of Baetán and of Mael Dúin son of Fergus son of Baetan.

CS 620

The slaying of the kindred of Baetán, i.e. of Ailill son of Baetán and of Mael Dúin son of Fergus son of Baetán and of Díucaill, in Mag Leced in the territory of Connacht.

CS 620: AU 620

The death of Fiachra son of Ciarán son of Ainmire son of Sétna i.e. a second founder of Daire Calgaigh.

AU 621

Iugulatio Aengusa mc. Colmain Maghni, .i. regis Nepotum Neill.

The killing of Aengus son of Colmán Mór i.e. king of the Uí Néill.

AT 627

Fiacha Fínd, rí Cenéoil Boghuine, mortuus est.

AU 628: CS 628

The battle of Both, in which Suibne Menn son of Fiachna was victor, and Domnall son of Aed took flight.

AU 628: CS 628

The slaying of Suibne Menn—the king of Ireland, Suibne Menn son of Fiachna son of Feradach son of Muiredach son of Eógan—in Taerr Bréni, i.e. by Congal Caech son of Scanlán.

AU 628: CS 628

Domnall son of Aed son of Ainmire begins to reign.

AU 630

Bellum Leithirbhe inter Genus Eugain inuicem, in quo Mael Fithrich cecidit.

The battle of Leitheirbe between the Cenél nEógain themselves, in which Mael Fithrich fell.

AU 630

Uel sic in Libro Duibh Da Lethe narratur: bellum Lethirbe eter Cenel Mc. Erca & Cenel Feradaig in quo Mael Fithrich cecidit. Ernaine m. Fiachna uictor erat.

Or thus it is related in the book of Dub dá Leithe: The battle of Leitheirbe between the descendants of Mac Erca and the descendants of Feradach, in which Mael Fithrich fell. Ernaine son of Fiachna, was victor.

CS 630

Cath Letairbi eidir Cinel Feradhaigh et Cinel Meic Erca in quó Maelfithrigh cecidit. Ernan mac Fiachna uictor erat.

The battle of Leitheirbe between the Cenél Feradaigh and the Cenél Meic Erca, in which Mael Fithrich fell. Ernaine son of Fiachna was victor.

AU 630: CS 630

Taerr Bréni is burned, and the killing of Brandub, son of Mael Cobo.

AU 636: CS 636: AT 638

The killing of Ernáine son of Fiachna, who defeated Mael Fithrich son of Aed Allán alias Uairidnach in the battle of Leitheirbe.

AU 637

The battle of Mag Roth and the battle of Sailtír were fought on the same day. of the Cenél nEógain, and adherent of Domnall, was victor in the battle of Sailtír.

CS 637

The battle of Mag Roth won by Domnall son of Aed and the sons of Aed Sláine but Domnall son of Aed ruled Temair at that time, in which fell Conall Caech king of Ulaid and Faelchú son of Airmedach king of Mide in a counterattack, with many nobles.

CS 637

The battle of Sailtír on the same day, won by Conall Cael son of Mael Cobo against the Cenél nEógain.

FM 641

Maelbreasail and Maelanfaidh died; and Flann Enaigh was mortally wounded. These were of the Cinel Conaill Gulban.

CS 642

Death of Domnall son of Aed, king of Ireland, at the end of January.

Afterwards Domnall Brec was slain at the end of the year, in December, in the battle of Srath Caruin, by Hoan, king of the Britons. He reigned 15 years.

AU 643

Here it is uncertain who reigned after Domnall. Some historigraphers state that four kings, i.e. Cellach, Conall Cael, and two sons of Aed Sláine son of Diarmait son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach, namely Diarmait and Blathmac, reigned in mingled rule.

AU 643

Cellach and Conall Cael i.e. two sons of Mael Cobo son of Aed son of Ainmire, begin to reign, as some state.

AU 650: CS 650

The battle of Dún Cremthainn in which Aengus son of Domnall fell. The victors were the sons of Mael Coba, i.e. Cellach and Conall Cael.

AU 654

The killing of Conall son of Mael Cobo i.e. by Diarmait son of Aed Sláine.

AT 655

Cath Flescaigh, ubi cecidit Cumascach mac Ailello, rí h-Ua Cremthainn, in quo Crundmael mac Suibne, rí Ceneoil Eogain, uictor erat.

AU 656

The battles of Cumascach son of Ailill, in which he fell. Crunnmael son of Suibne was victor.

CS 656: AU 656

The battle of Flescach in which fell Cumuscach son of Ailill, king of Uí Crimthann, in which Crunnmael son of Suibne, king of Cenél nEógain was victor.

AU 658 or 664

Death of Cellach son of Mael Cobo and of Cellach son of Sárán or Rónán, and of Fiachra Telnán, and of Blathmac son of Rónán son of Colum.

AU 663

The killing of the two sons of Domnall son of Aed i.e. Conall and Colcu.

AU 664: CS 643

Death of Cernach son of Diarmait son of Aed Sláine son of Diarmait Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann.

AU 666: CS 666

Death of Ailill Flann Esa, son of Domnall son of Aed son of Ainmire.

FM 670

Dungal, son of Maeltuile, chief of Cinel Boghaine, was slain by Loingseach, son of Aenghus, chief of Cinel Conaill.

AT 672

Cath Dungaile maic Maile tuile, rí Ceneoil Boguíne. Loíngsceach uictor fuit. Dungal cecidit.

AU 679

Cenn Faelad son of Ailill son of Baetán, the learned, rested.

CS 681: AU 681

The burning of the kings in Dún Ceithirn i.e. Dúngal son of Scannal, king of the Cruithin, and Cenn Faelad son of Suibne, king of the Ciannachta of Glenn Geimin, Mael Dúin son of Mael Fithrich, at the beginning of summer.

The battle of Bla Sléibe afterwards at the beginning of winter in which Mael Dúin son of Mael Fithrich was slain by the Ciannachta of Glenn Geimin and by Flann Finn son of Mael Tuile.




Section III AD 690 To AD 899




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