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O'Mulligan in Ireland

1500-1630


May 11, 1504
Deposition taken in the chapel of St. Lawrence, Holy Trinity Church, Dublin. Richard Walsh, canon of Holy Trinity Church, deposes that, when clerk of St. Warburgh’s, he went with the curate, Sir Henry Mulghan, to administer the last Sacrements to Richard Wyndon, who decldared to them, that, when, at the age eleven, he was with his grandfather Robert Wydon and Alice Isaak his wife, both ill and his grandfather insensible, Walter Chamflor, abbot of the monastery of the B.V.M., near Dublin, desired Robert to release his lands in the lordship of Sauntry to Alison Wydon their daughter for life with reversion to his monastery, but Alice refused to do so; and that Sir Roger Roche, chaplain, then curate of Ballybaghill, denied he was seised of the lands of said Robert. Sir Thomas Philpote deposes similarly.Thomas Hobbok desposes similarly, and adds that Thomas Fyche, sub-prior of Holy Trinity, and Sir Thomas Philpote were present. Witnesses – Sir Thomas Fyche, sub-prior, John Brown, literate, John Heyn, Walter Synott.

On the 8th November, 1504, William Hebbard deposed that he was parish clerk of Sauntry, where Robert Wydon lay insensible; and that Alicia Wydon, his daughter, had certain deeds not sealed. Witnessed by Sir Thomas Pecok, Richard Walsh, chaplains, master William Walsh, notary public, John Hay, literate, and John Mulghan, clerk of Dublin, who at the request of Jonet Algan, widow of Richard Wydon, and Wm his son, exemplified the same. Dated 8 November, 1504.
[The Twentieth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1888): Appendix to Twentieth Report, p. 108, no. 380]

1539-1561
Town Clerk of Galway – Nicholas Mulligan, notary.
[Hardiman, James: The History of the Town and County of the Town of Gallway, from the earliest period to the present Time (Galway, 1926), p. 237]

1541-43
An Inquisition which was taken at Ardquin, on July 4 1605 which states that John O'Mullegan, abbot of the late abbey of Cumber, in the Upper Clandeboy, at the time of the dissolution of the said abbey, was seized in fee as of right of his abbey, of seven townlands lying around, viz Ballymonster (the land adjoining the monastery itself); Balleneyany (called in other Inquisitions Ballengona, now Ballygowan) Ballycarnesmer (Carnasure); Ballengartoige, Ballenecullentre (Cullintraw); Ballygaruffe, with their appurtenances, and of all the tithes of said lands.' It was also found that he was seized of the rectories of Ballymacgeehan, Kilmood, Saintfield, or Tawnaghneeve, Kilaney, and Temple Effin, in Island Magee, with the right of nominating the vicars in these parishes; and from each of these parishes he received two-thirds of the tithes.
[O’Laverty, Rev. James: An Historical Account of the Diocese of Down and Connor, Ancient and Modern (Dublin, 1880), Vol. II, p. 136-7]

Note: Extracted from the Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellariae Hiberniae, Asservatarum, Repertorium (1839), Vol. II, 2 Jac’ I, granting this church and lands to James Hamilton. O’Mullegan was the last abbot of Comber, who resigned his office in 1543 at the dissolution of the abbey.

October 10, 1545
Pardon of Magonio O’Callen, of Evaghmynyan, in the County of Louth, husbandman, for the murder of Monertagh O’Mullegan, of Tullaghe, in the county of Louth.
[Calendar of the Patent and Close Rolls of Chancery in Ireland from the Reigns of Henry VII, Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth (Dublin, 1861), Vol. I, p. 109]

1557
Statue by the Town of Galway: [7.] Item: “That it is statutid and contractid by the wholle Counsaill, by the advisment and consente of the Wardyan and vicars, with the clerkes, as Will[i]am Mollogan and Matheue Lurcan, that foure boies for the augmentacion of Godes Devine Service shalbe assistinge and helpinge to singe dayly at the quere, specially at Mary masse l uppon the sayd clerkes ys chardge conserninge ther learninge to said thre boyes upon the said Will[i]am, which thre he must enforme and teach to singe after the beste facion that he maye, or ellea to paye one nobull 2 sterling to every of them, to be gyvin to another Master ; and Matheue to fynd another child in like manner ; the vicars and Colladge allwayes gyvinge the said childrin meat and drinke contynuallye. And the said boyes from tyme to tyme to be admittid and electid by the Mayor for the tyme being. And if the said prestes and Colladge or clerkes doth necglecte and gaynsaye anything comprised in this statute, the Mayor so being shall levey uppon them and every of them the yerly chardges or expensis of the said childrin. And this to be observid of them and ther successors perpetually.
[The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, Historical Manuscripts Commission (London, 1885), 10th Report Appendix, Part V, p. 387]

November 14, 1558
Grant of English liberty to William Mollegane, James Mollegan, Barnabas Mollegane, Peter or Piers Mollegane, and Nicolas Mollegan, and their issue.
[The Nineth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1884), Appendix to Nineth Report, p. 89, no. 270]

Note: After the Statutes of Kilkenny in 1366, the Irish, those namely who remained under their own chiefs and laws, were put as a community outside the English law that ruled the colonists. Furthermore, in 1460 the Irish Parliament enacted that civic freedom and admission to trades could only be obtained by Irishmen after they had got English liberty from the king, and had undertaken to be of English array, habit and apparel.

Even the Irish chiefs had no right to plead in and be answerable in the royal courts. In effect, they were vassals owing simple homage to the crown for their lands, but never subjects owing liege homage. They needed royal charters or an Act of Parliament to admit them to ‘English liberty’. For the rest of the Irish population, individual charters of emancipation or naturalization were the only device for citizenship and freedom from the Irish March law or Brehon law.

As result of the statutes of Kilkenny in 1366, two different legal systems (English and Brehon) operated in Ireland and this remained in place until 1603, when Brehon law was banned under James I and English law was applied by local magistrates and royal representative. Until then, local areas were given English monarchs to earls who created courts (palatinates or liberties), and royal administrative authority was delegated to these earls. Most ran their own legal systems and probably used both common and Brehon law in their courts.

November 26, 1565
Grant of English liberty to Donald Flanegane, chaplain, Cornelius Carroll, of Mothill, Thomas Regane, John Regane, and Nicholas Moleghane, and their issue.
[The Eleventh Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1879), Appendix to Eleventh Report, p. 116, no. 781]

March 15, 1568/9
Pardon to William Portas, of Blackeforde, Queen's co., gent., Teige [blank], Thomas Molghan alias Thomas Person, of Maryborough, same co., butcher.
[The Eleventh Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1879): Appendix to Eleventh Report, p. 197, no. 1321]

May 30, 1584
Grant (under queen's letter, 9 Feb., 1583.) to Peter Sherloke, of Waterford, gent.; of certain parcels of land in divers places in the Passadg to the low water mark, called parcel of Brivers lands, late possessions of Patr. Strange (rent 5s.), another parcel in said town of Passadg from the messuage of Patr. Maddan, in which Tho. Butler dwells, to the low water mark (2s. 4d.), another parcel in the Passadg, called the Strande or shore, between the quay of Peter Aylward built upon the lands of Cowl m'Sawri on the west, and the west part of the land or shore late in the seisin of Rob. Walshe fitz Peter on the east, and from the houses of John Lokar, Patr. Molgan, and Paul Sherloke on the south to the low water mark on the north (4s.), a garden in Colbeck alias Colpeck, in the franchise of Waterford, between the garden of Rich. Strange and S. Brides now in the occupation of Paul Sherloke (2s.), a garden by Barenstrete or Barrenstrete (Barronstron in one clause) in the parish of S. Patrick in the suburbs of the city of Waterford, now in the occupation of Tho. Comerford (16d.). To hold for ever in common socage, as fully as the hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in Ireland lately held them. Rent 14s. 8d., as above.—30 May xxvi.
[The Fourteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1888): Appendix to Fourteenth Report, p. 39, no. 4402]

February 25, 1588
Pardon to Shane roe Molghan, Logh Reagh, Co. Cavan.
[The Sixteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1884), Appendix to Sixteenth Report, p. 63, no. 5143]

September 1, 1590
John Molaghan pardoned with Garred fitz Redmund Stack, of Achacurlhy, in Co. Kerry.
[The Sixteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1884), Appendix to Sixteenth Report, p. 132, no. 5457]

December 14, 1597
Pardon to Thady O'Mullegan. Provided that the pardon shall not be of effect for any in prison or on bail; nor extend to pardon any murder, intrusion into lands of the crown, or any debt to the crown.
[The Seventeenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Seventeenth Report, p. 82, no. 6190]

April 20, 1600
Pardon to Art Molegan, of Brinston, co. Meath. Provided that the pardon shall not extend to any murder, or any intrusion on crown lands or debts to the crown. The exception of murder is also added to the usual clause excepting treason against queen's life.
[The Seventeenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Seventeenth Report, p. 122, no. 6389]

April 17, 1601
Pardon to Oyne m'Morrogh M'Shillie, of Taulaght, Co. Kerrie, gent., and thereafter, a number of people pardoned including Edm. m'Morris Melig, Tho. M'Morris, Wm. m'Tho. T Meligan.
[The Sixteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1884), Appendix to Sixteenth Report, p. 183-4, no. 6497]

May 15, 1601
Pardon to Patr. O Molegan, of Tyntobberne, excepting from pardon, murder committed before his entry into rebellion, intrusions on crown lands, and debts to the crown.
[The Seventeenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Seventeenth Report, p. 218, no. 6517]

May 25, 1601
Pardon to Derbie and Philip Molleghan, of Glane, and John begg Mulleghan, is excepted from the proviso excluding any in prison or bound to appear.
[The Seventeenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Seventeenth Report, p. 233, no. 6529]

Note: In 1598, during the Nine Year War, many of the Geraldine supporters of James Fitzthomas Fitzgerald, who claimed the earldom of Desmond in Muster, rebelled against the Crown and drove off large numbers of English settlers in the confiscate Fitzgerald lands in the counties of Limerick, Tipperary, Cork and Kerry. The rebellion was quashed and many of those who took were pardoned. Their names appear in the Irish Fiants of Elizabeth I in 1601 and include the following O’Mulligans of Glane. The townland of Glane lies in County Meath. However, as the pardon lists relate mainly to the Province of Munster it seems Glane should be identified with Glena in County Kerry.

August 25, 1601
Pardon to Teig m’Shane m’Edm. O Moelegane, of Ardkyt (Ardkitt, Co. Cork).
[The Eighteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Eighteenth Report, p. 30, No. 6566]

November 13, 1602
Pardon to Philip Moleghine, of Moyntergarane (Co. Longford), Brene O Moleghan, of Lysnenoan (Lisnennan?), yeoman, and Edm. O Molegan, of Tully, in a list of people pardon from Counties Longford and Westmeath at the suit of Sir Frances Shane, knight.
[The Eighteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Eighteenth Report, p. 99, No. 6699]

July 22, 1603
General Pardon to Patrick O’Mollgan of Granard, carpenter, Collo McHugh O’Kellie of Bellgare, etc.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 96, No. CII]

November 22, 1603
Pardon to Owyn O Hagane, of Tulloghoge, chief of his name, gent, Neile boye O Hagan and many others, including Ownye O Maylegan, of same, yeoman, in the county of Tyrone, in the province of Ulster. Submission in the Co. Tyrone.
[The Eighteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Eighteenth Report, p. 108, No. 6714]

February [26], 1603/4
Pardon to Rory O’Donnell, of Tyrconnell, in province of Ulster, gent., and a list of other people, including, Donell, and Twohell O Moylegane of Tyrconnell, ‘natural followers of the said Rory O’Donnell’. Intrusion on crown lands and debts to the crown excepted.
[The Eighteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland (Dublin, 1886), Appendix to Eighteenth Report, p. 108, No. 6761]

June 30, 1606
Lord Deputy to Attorney and Solicitor-General for Ireland. Warrant for fiant with grant of free and general pardon (treason and murder only except) unto the persons here-under written, being in number 24 (Moyses Hill, Captain Hugh Clotworthy, and John Waldron from the said exception of wilful murder only except), the first of the list being Moses Hill of Hillesborough in the county of Antrim, Esq. Dublin, the last day of June 1606.
[Calendar of State Papers relating to Ireland, James I 1603-1606 (London, 1872) p. 506, no. 773]

July 6, 1606
General Pardon to Moses Hill of Hillesborough in Antrim Co. Esq., Hugh Clotworthey of Masserine in the same county, Esq,, John Waldron of Dublin, gent., Tho. Hill of the Newrie in Down Co., gent., Callowa Maginsse of Kilwarlin in Down Co., Comen Maginesse of the same, gent., Rorie McManisse of the same, yeoman, Neile McManisse of the same, yeoman, Hugh McDonell O’Neil of Dunmore in Antrim Co., gent., Edw., McManisse of Kilwarlin in Down Co., yeoman, Pat. Kellie of Loughgayle in the same co., yeoman, Daniel Kelly of the same, gent., Edward McGran of the same, yeoman, Peter McGran of the same, yeoman, John O’Sheall of Rallon in Antrim Co., gent., James O’Haghan of the Fall in the same co., gent., Ardell Moynagh of the same, yeoman, Connoghor O’Keynan of Magherimorne in the same co., yeoman, John O’Mulligan in Down Co., yeoman, Owen oge O’Neile of the Fall in Antrim Co., gent., Phelim Moynagh of the same, yeoman, Callogh Ballagh McRowrie oge of the Clandonells in Tyrone Co., Onor nee Garthlan of Harristowne in Louth Co., Donell oge, horsemen, and Patrick McCarton, gent., 6th July 4th.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 96]

June 18, 1607
General Pardon to Ever McShane McOwyne O’Neale, Donnell McNeale boy McMoyllen, Nice Owra McGilpatrick, Bernagh McMoylan, Shane McBrian O’Neale of Edenduffe-Carricke in Antrim co. Gent. Neale McHugh McMortagh of the Fynagh in said co. Gent. Shane oge O’Neile of Edenduffe-Carricke, gent. Hugh oge O’Neale of the same, gent. Neale McBrian O’Neale of the same, gent. Donell McVagh of the same, yeoman, Art oge McAnally of the same, yeoman, Gillegrome O’Leghrie of Moyaver in said co. Yeoman, Patrick O’Kennane of the Finnagh in said co. Shane O’Morrane of the same, Owyn Karn O’Kennan of the same, Murtagh Snapp of Belfast, yeoman. Shane oge O’Neale McBrien Lynagh of the same, gent. Margaret Roche otherwise Dowley, Ed. McBrien, gent. Christ. Taylor, Teige O’Brien otherwise Ensigne Brien, gent., William Duffe O’Whologhane, Rich. Shearman of Knockfergus, yeoman, Phelim Duffe McConnell and Rorie O’Madegan. June 18, 5th.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 110, No. xxxv]

Note: Note: Rev Patrick Woulfe in his Irish Surnames suggests O’Whologhane is a form of the Gaelic name O’Fullacháin, meaning descendant of Uallochán, diminutive of uallach, proud. I have included this name, as it is possible Whologhane is a corruption for Mologhane.

1607
Examination of Brian O’Duhy, servant to Arte M’Roory. Saith that his master came to that town [Dublin] that day fortnight from his own house in Cremorne, in the county of Monaghan, to appear in the King's Bench at the suit of one Murgh O'Mullegan, of Drogheda, and that Mr. Dillon was his counsel. Being demanded what company his master kept, and where he lay since his coming thither, said he lay at Lieutenant Cester's house in [High?] street some weeks, and removed from thence for want of means, and went over the water to the constable's house upon the Great Green, where he lay till the night preceding, and saw none out of Ulster but Bryan Rough M'Edmond M'Mahon, of Ballynelorgan, in the county of Monaghan, who came thither, being sent for by [blank in the original], to declare to him the meares of Ballyhanroghie, in Clancarwell. His master lay at his host's since noon the day before till he went to bed, about eight o'clock, and did not leave the house all night; and had in his company Captain Edmond Barrett and three or four of his friends. His master intending to go home next day (as Mr. Dillon told him he had lost his suit) rose at daybreak, and would have saddled his horse, but the good man of the house would not suffer him to take away the horse because of his debt for diet and lodging. He refused to take a white satin doublet and fair cloak in pawn. In the meantime George Howth came with a file of soldiers and apprehended examinate and his master.
[Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, James I, 1606-1608 (London, 1874), p. 153, no 219]

January 13, 1609
General Pardon to Henry mcShane O’Neill of Portclary, co. Tyrone, gent. Arte McRowrie O’Neale of Slughtarts in same co., Hugh oge McNeale McHugh Merigie O’Neale of the same, gent. Edmund oge McEdmund O’Neale of the same, yeoman, Rowrie Ballagh McHugh of the same, yeoman, Toole boy O’Mellane of the same, yeoman, Arte bane McHugh of the same, yeoman, Dowaltagh McMelaghline boye O’Donelye of Dounganon, yeoman, Owin oge McCahill I Coyny of Dunganine, yeoman, Phelime McGilpatricke I Conye of the same, yeoman, lady Margaret ny Neale, wife of Cormocke McBaron, knt, Donell O’Mellegan in Tyrone co., Shane oge O’Higgine, Brian O’Tellaun of the same, Toole O’Mollegan in the same co. Gillpatricke O’Carrolan, Tirlagh oge O’Galcure, Donell O’Magrena, Tirlagh O’Skanlan, Cormocke O’Galcure, Owin O’Galcure, Dermod O’Donnegan, Tirlagh O’Galcure, Phelime Dowe McKeveny, Manus oge McTempane, Rowrie McGilmortine, Gillchrist O’Higgine, Coyne McKeynie, and Shane McKeyne, all in Tyrone Co.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 136]

March 10, 1609
Shane O'Molligan, Donnogh Ballagh O'Molligan and Swine O’Moligan is pardoned with Owen O’Gallagher of Coolemstrian Co Donegal and many others.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 139]

Note: In September, 1610, King James I granted to Cuthbert Cunningham, a native of Scotland, a patent of naturalisation, and the land and manor of CoolemcItrien in All Saints Parish, which had belonged to Owen O’Gallagher in the barony of Raphoe. It seems very likely then that Shane O'Molligan, Donnogh Ballagh O'Molligan and Swine O’Molligan were either members of the O’Mulligan kindred still living in the district of Raphoe and/or the ‘Mointermolligan’ (Muinter-Mulligan), who were herenaghs of Tullyfern in the parish of Kilmacrenan in 1609.

September 17, 1609
At an Inquisition taken at Lifford, Co. Donegal, before commissioners and jury, it was found the parish of Tullaghfurny [Tullyfern in Kilmacrenan] contained 8 ballibetaghes, of which 4 qrs., are church land and Mointermolligan is herenagh, who pays to the bishop a rent of 4m Ir. 32 meathers of butter and 108 meathers of meal, according to the inhabiting of the land, 36 free gorts are equally divided among the tenants, and 12 other free gorts belong to the bishop’s official, for which the herenagh pays the official 1s yearly, 2l pension to the bishop for his third of the tithes, in this parish there is a parson and vicar who pay 8s each proxies to the bishop, the tithes and repairs are as in Faughan parish, the parson and vicar have 4 gorts of glebe each.
[Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellariae Hiberniae, Vol. 2, Appendix, V Donegal]

March 8, 1615
An Inquisition taken at Eniskillin (Co. Fermanagh) before Sir John Blenerhasset, Knight, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, and Sir Robert Oglethorpe, Knight, the second Baron of the same Court. It found that Con Roe O'Connelly, of Mullagheglasse, yeoman, on the 20th Novr., 1614, at Dromeforde, stole a brown cow worth £3, the property of Edward Sibthorpe, gentleman, and was aided on the last day of the same month by Cnogher mcCafforrie and Neile O'Mullegan, of Mullaghglasse. No finding.
[Young, Robert M.: Historical Notices of Old Belfast and its Vicinity (Belfast, 1896), p. 33]

July 28, 1617
General Pardon for Shane McHugh O’Mullan, Mulmory McDonnell O’Rely, Edm. oge McFerrall O’Rely, Bryan oge McCabe, all of Cavan Co. Hugh Muffett otherwise Moghett, John Greames, both of Westmeath Co. James Power of Wexford Co. Jordan Keatinge of the Queen’s Co. Hugh McDonell of Wicklow Co. Patrick O’Hugh McJames, Phelomy McGlasney O’Hallon, Daniell McDriell, Teige McDriell, Gilpatrick McDonnell McEdmund Grome, Phelim O’Hanlon, Patrick O’Hanlon, Manus O’Sheall, all of Armagh Co. John McWilliam O’Dwire, and Margaret Ryan, or O’Dwire, his wife, of Tipperary Co. Connor oge O’Donnoghoe of Meath Co. Padin Dun of Talagh in Dublin Co. Mulmory McOwen, Miles Jonin of Sligo Co. James Tallon of Wicklow Co. Hugh Caron of Westmeath Co. Gerald Grace Fitz-Philp of Kilkenny Co. Donnogh O’Lawrie of Downe Co. Patrick McOwen McMahowne, Brian Arney, and Edm. O’Mollegan of Westmeath Co. For a sum of 36m Ir. – 28 July 15th.
[Calendar of the Patent Rolls of the Chancery of Ireland (Dublin, 1800), James I, p. 326]

April 16, 1626
Eugene O Mullegan appears as a litigant at the Manor court of Armagh.

Note: Also appeared on 9 April, 1627.

[The Armagh Manor Court Rolls “Period 1625-1627: And Incidental Notes on 17th Century Sources for Irish Surnames in Co. Armagh. Published in Seanchas Ardmhacha: Journal of the Armagh Diocesan Historical Society, Vol. 2, No. 2(1957), pp. 295-322]





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