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Ua Maolagain in Ireland

1200-1500


1207
Domhnall Ua Muiredaigh, chief lector of Daire of Colum-cille, after great suffering felicitously finished his life. And Muircertach O'Millugain (or O'Maelagain) was chosen in his stead.
[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. II, p 245]

1220
Fonachtan Ua Bronain, successor of St. Colum-cille, rested in peace. And there ensued contention between the Community of Daire and the Cenel-Eogain, respecting the selection in his stead. It is this was done then: the Community of Daire chose Mac Cathmail into the succession and Aedh Ua Neill and the Cenel-Eogain chose Flann Ua Brolcain. After that, moreover, there ensued, contention between the Community of Daire and O'Brolcain and O'Brolcain was put out of the succession. After that, moreover, the Community of Daire and the Cenel-Eogain chose Muircertach Ua Millugain, namely, lector of Daire, into the succession. And he had the lectorship and the succession for a year, or a little more. And there ensued contention between Geoffrey Ua Daighri, namely, herenagh of Daire and O'Millugain, that is, the abbot, respecting the lectorship, so that they appealed to the judgment of the successor of Patrick and he made peace between them. And John, son of the late Lector, was chosen into the lectorship, according to the successor of Patrick and the successor of Colum-cille and the community of Daire besides.
[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. II, p 269]

1302
At the Justiciar’s Court held at Kildare the following Pleas were heard. ‘In as much as Will son of William, Ric son of William, Walter Britt, Roger Britt, Gregory Hopper, Will son of Maurice, Donald Ofgryt, Will the cook, Hugh Stapylton, Will Owyt, Ric Brun, Will the miller, John Owyt, Ric Lacy, Conyn Oduffy, John Connyl, Walter Bromyard, Walter Broun, Ric de Malegan, Moryertagh Offogrith, Roger the cook, Walter de Valle, Gillesse Ocrescy, Will Rath, and Philip Hohgan, were in the last war of the King in Scotland in the company of John de Fresyngfeld, suit of the King’s peace of all trespasses by them done to the octave of S. Michael last, is pardoned to them. Therefore let letters be made to them’.
[Mills, James (editor): Calendar of the Justiciary Rolls of Ireland (1905), p. 428]

July 8, 1310
Yet of Pleas of the Crown at Dublin before John Wogan, 8 July Justiciar, in the Quinzaine of St John Baptist, a. r. 4. Ralph Mulghan, charged that he, together with other malefactors, came by night to Miriyonge with horses and sacks and there stole from the hastivel of William le Devenys to the value of five shillings, comes and defends, etc. And John the clerk, John Davy, Alan de Crosse, John Halfide, Gregory Tauntoun, Thomas Tauntoun, John de Roche, Ph., son of David, Peter de Achdodenagh, Jordan le Waleys, William Chaumbirleyn, and Geoffrey Chevere, jurors, say that Ralph is not guilty and is not suspected, etc. Therefore he is quit.
[Calendar of Justiciary Rolls or Proceedings in the Court of the Justiciar of Ireland, 1 to VII years of Edward II, (Dublin), p. 153]

October 17, 1317
Grant confirming that William Londoun (Londres) may give in perpetual aims to the brethren of the order of St. Marie of Mount Carmel a site (placea) in Athboy, lying between the river-bank of the town and the land of Hencelin Mulghan.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 22/30]

1324
Bartholomew, a burgess, was indicted in the court of the Liberty of Kilkenny, that is, in the external court before Arnold le Poer, seneschal of the lord of the Liberty, and an extra jury for wounding one Adam Walsh in the belly with a lance. Of which wound Adam died. Evidence was given that certain men of Walter de la Pille came out from the town, with horses and arms and went to the land of certain burgesses, broke open their stacks and carried off their corn. A hue and cry was raised upon these men, and Bartholomew Folyn, hearing it in his house, went forth with a lance to keep up the hue and cry like a man of peace, as he was. He ran across Adam Walsh and called upon him to surrender to the king’s peace. For answer, Adam set upon Bartholomew with a lance, and in defending himself Bartholomew inflicted the wound with which he was charged, so that if the said Adam had any harm or loss, the fault was his own not Bartholomew’s.

In the second place, Bartholomew pleaded that the dead man’s name was really Omolgan, and that he was Irish and not English.

In the third place, he pleaded that the present jury had no right to pass upon him. They were, he said, outsiders, and he and the other burgesses of the town of Kilkenny had such liberty that no outsiders should be upon them only burgesses of the town.

The sovereign and commons of Kilkenny now appeared in court and sought that they might be allowed their liberties and free customs held by them from time immemorial. They produced two charters from Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and of Hertford, addressed to this seneschal at the complaint of his well beloved burgesses of Kilkenny, commanding him to respect their liberties and “of outsiders to take no outsiders upon the said burgesses for no trespasses done to them or by them within the said town.” The liberties claimed were allowed; the former jury, or indicters, were discharged and one of burgesses was sworn. They found that the dead man was Adam Omolgan, a mere Irishman, so that no offence had been committed, and Folyn was acquitted.
[The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland (1927), Vol. XVII, 6th Series, p. 31-32]

September 8, 1358
Henry of Rathfaygh, parson of Trubyhull, and Thomas Malecken, parson of Fynnore, in the diocese of Meath, intend to [exchange] dioceses. Presentation to the bishop of Meath of that Henry to the said church of Fynnore. At Dublin.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 73/34]

Note: Trubyhull is Trubley or Tubberville near Trim in the barony of Lower Deece in Co. Meath.

1397
In his Account, John Colten, Archbishop of Armagh, mentions the name Dermot Omolgan, presbyter of the rectory of Dromgarvan in County Londonderry about 1397.
[Reeves, Rev. William: Acts of Archibishop Colton in the Metropolitan Visitation of the Diocese of Derry A.D. c.1397 (Dublin, 1850), p.54]

Note: The name Maolagain also survives in the place name Ballymulligan in the parish of Artrea.

[April 30], 1400
Appointment of to assess and collect a subsidy granted by the commons of co. Meath.
Stephen Palmer and Rudolph Regan in the barony de Dees.
John Madok and Henry Elyot in the barony of Moyfynrath.
Richard Wotton and Richard Barrett in the barony of Dunboyne.
Richard Motyn and Richard Heyron in the barony of Slane.
Bertram Taaff and John Herdeman in the barony of Margallyn.
Adam Rowe and Nicholas Rowe in the barony of Kells.
Nicholas Taaff and John Bataill in the barony of Navan.
John Mulghan and Walter Meset in the barony of Luyn (Lune).
Alexander Palmer and John Fay in the barony of Foure.
Thomas Golding and John Comyn in the baronies of Delvin, Mullingar and Ferbill.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 158/115]

Note: The parish of Athboy lies in the barony of Lune and is located next to the parish of Killua in the barony of Delvin. The barony of Lune was granted to Robert Misset after the Norman settlement of the province of Meath. So, who was John Mulghan?

December 20, 1407
John Omulghan alias John Omullylgaunt gives 20s for a charter of English liberty. At Dublin.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 18/37]

February 12, 1412
William Smyth of Coventry merchant has letters of general attorney under the names of John Mulghan and Maurice Lawless.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 170/81]

July 3, 1419
Pope Martin V to John [Mulgan]. Provision to him, rector of Lyn in the diocese of Meath, priest, of the see of Leighlin which, on account of his age and weakness, bishop Richard lately with consent of the apostolic see resigned, as far as was possible, before a notary public and witnesses, which he has recently resigned by his proctor Donatus Odeoragain, clerk, of the diocese of Leighlin, to Anthony, bishiop of Porto, who had verbal mandate from the pope to receive it, and which is thereby void at the apostolic see and therefore reserved.
[Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland A.D. 1417-1431 (London, 1906), Vol. VII, p. 135]

August 20, 1419
Reginald Moynagh has petitioned showing how he was seised in his demesne as of fee of 1 messuage, 24 acres of land, 12 acres of meadow and 10 acres of pasture in Rentaghestoun in the barony of Kells, Co. Meath, until he was removed from the same by colour of a certain inquisition taken before Henry Stanyhurst, formerly deputy of Ralph Standysshe, former escheator of Ireland, by which it was found that one John Littoun was lately seised in demesne as of fee of the said messuage [etc.], and he killed one Thomas Mulghan, for which felony John was outlawed; and he died, thus outlawed, seised of the same. For that reason the said messuage [etc.] were taken into the K.'s hand, although John never had any [right] in that messuage, nor was he ever outlawed for that felony. Because the premises contain the truth, by assent of the deputy and council, Grant to him [Reginald] of restoration of the said messuage [etc.]. At Dublin.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p.215/23]

April 4, 1427
Commission―on account account of service, and by mainprize of James Alleyn kt of Co. Meath and Walter Whitey of Co. Wexford;to Henry Fortescu of custody of the manor of Rathmore, except for 2 messuages, 48 acres of land, 6 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture and 2 acres of more in Litylclone, parcels of the said manor; and also custody of the manor of Ardmulghan, together with all lands [etc.] in Rathcarran and 100s chief rent issuing from 1 messuage and 1 carucate of land that formerly belonged to John Mulghan in Drysshok; to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value p.a. At Dublin.
[Rotulorum patentium et clausorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium (Dublin, 1828), p. 241/7]

1431
The Bishop O'Mullagan, i.e. Bishop of Leighlin, died.

[O'Donovan, John (editor): Annala Rioghachta Eireann: Annals of the kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, from the earliest period to the year 1616, 1st edition (1848-51), Vol.4, p. 882]

Note: Prior to his accession as bishop of the Diocese of Leighlin in 1419, Sean O’Maolagain, also known as John O’Mullagan, was rector of Lynn, in the Diocese of Meath. The parish of Lynn lies in County Westmeath next to parish of Mullingar. Sean did not gain actual possession of his Episcopal temporalities of Leighlin until 1422. He died at Leighlin in 1431, having sat in the this See nine years. He was burned near his Church, near the Monument of Gurmund the Dane.

May 4, 1432
Pope Eugenius IV to Thomas Fleming, elect of Leighlin. Provision to him, a Friar Minor, S.T.B., in priest’s orders, of the said see, void by the death of John [Mulgan], during whose life it was specially reserved by the present pope.
[Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland A.D. 1427-1447 (London, 1909, Vol. VIII, p. 426]

1435
John, Bishop of Connor, held an ordination in the parish church of St. Feghin, of Termonfeghin, when, among others, "Willielmus O'Kynnay, Herenacus de Ardtraa [Artrea] titulum ejusdem herenacise exhibens," was admitted to the order of subdeacon; Patrick O'Mulkene, rector of Kyllone, and Magonius O'Douen, rector of Drumfade, in the diocese of Armagh, to the order of deacon''; and Patrick Omolachan, rector of Eanga in the diocese of Derry, to the priesthood.
[Reeves, Rev. William: Acts of Archibishop Colton in the Metropolitan Visitation of the Diocese of Derry A.D. c.1397 (Dublin, 1850), p. 119]

Note: The ordination of Patrick Omolachan is recorded in The Register of John Swayne, archbishop of Armagh and primate of Ireland 1418-1439. Eanga is Termoneeny.

1439
Brian Ua Maelagain died.

[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. III, p 144]

1441
Cathal Ua Maileigen died on the 16th of the Kalends of December Nov. 16.
[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. III, p 148]

1446
Domnall Ua Mailigen, a poor person devoted to God, died.

[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. III, p 158]

October 21, 1447
To Richard Mulghan, a canon of St. Patrick’s, Dublin. Absolution, as below. His recent petition contained that formerly, upon a number of pure Irish, enemies of king Henry and his lieges, invading the province and diocese of Dublin and the lands of the church of Dublin, which are under the temporal lordship of the said king, Richard, archbishop of Dublin, justiciary and governor for the said king of the province of Ireland, convoking the inhabitants (whereof the said Richard was one) of those parts of the said diocese to which the said enemies had betaken themselves, hastened thither for self defence for the repelling of the said enemies: that upon a numerous multitude of the said enemies coming upon a part of the army in which Richard was with the archbishop and a few of his men, a battle raged and at length the enemy were in great part routed; that in the course of it Richard, alarmed and almost beside himself, thoughtlessly gave to one of his companies, who asked it like a madman, the naked sword which he was carrying in his hands, wherewith the said companion shortly afterwards cut off the head of one of the said enemies; and that he was, for self defence and the defence of the said church, present at divers other conflicts in which divers homicides were perpetrated, but without slaying or mutilating anybody with his own hands. At the said petition (adding that he committed the aforesaid, in which both clerks and laymen were wont to join, not so much of free will as from obedience to the orders of his prelate, for self defence and the defence of the said church, and is not otherwise guilty in respect thereof, and that he desires to be promoted to the priesthood and minister therein, and to minister in the orders of subdeacon and deacon which were inadvertently received by him, after the aforesaid, and without his having obtained any canonical dispensation, and in the other orders which he has received, the pope hereby dispenses him, who holds a canonry of Dublin and the prebend of Typyt (rectius Typyr), on account of irregularity contracted by the aforesaid, dispenses him to the promoted to the priesthood and to minister therein and in the said other orders, and to receive and hold any benefice with or without cure, and rehabilitates him. Solet sedis apostolice.
[Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland A.D. 1447-1455 (London, 1915) Vol. X, p. 426]

1452
Deed of award (a) made by Nicholas O’Muloghane and other arbitrators between John son of Walter Blake, (b) on the one part, and Robert Stephen and his brethren on the other part, concerning the title to eight acres of land in the franchises of Athenry called Gort-Bernard. Recites that Richard Stephen, brother of the said Robert Stephen, granted by feoffment to Walter Blake, father of said John Blake, all the grantor’s equity of redemption in said lands which were in mortgage to Thomas Bodykyn of Athenry, and that the said lands had been acquired by the said Richard Stephen by deed of release from William Blake of Glaway, burgess; the arbitrators awarded said lands to John fitz Walter Blake. Dated A.D. 1452. Witnesses: Thomas O’Mulbrenayn, William O’Mulbrenayn, Nicholas O’Lachnan, Thomas O’Kerwyck, burgesses of Athenry. Attested under the seal of Walter Lang, cleric and notary of Athenry.
[Blake, Martin J.: Blake family records, 1300 to 1600: a chronological catalogue with copious notes and genealogies of many branches of the Blake family (London, 1902), page 35, no. 51]

October 10, 1463-4
Municipal Records of Waterford: Memorandum: That in the x. day of October, in the thyrde yere of Kyng Edwarde the Fourthe, John Cor being Maire, Jeames Brewere and John Molgan, bailiffs of the saide citie, in the dern hundred day, by commene assente it was grant it and ordayned that hereafter every citsaine and freman of the saide citie shal declare in the courte al manere actions, as dette, covenant, trespace, accompte, detieneve, disceite, and al other manere actions that ony of the said citsains or fremen wil take or may take againste other, within the francheise of the saide citie, withoute ony exception or abatynge of his tale by the defendaunt or his attorney in no manere wise, and also that the defendaunt shal not be takin ne convicted in his answere gyving, however he aunswere, but bothe parties to tell the playne of the matire. And if it hap, that ony citsaine or freman sue or vexe ony other oute of the francheise of the saide citie, by ony manere wyse, or afor ony estraunge Judge within the saide francheis, save only before the Maire and bailiffs and mynsters of the saide citie, that thanne he that doethe the contrary shal forfett his francheis and pay to the reparations of the wallis x. Li tociens quotiens, lasse than he be warne[d] and may have no right before Maire and bailiffs.
[The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, Historical Manuscripts Commission (London, 1885), 10th Report Appendix, Part V, p. 301]

July 22, 1468
Marriage settlement entered into between John Blake, son of Henry Blake, burgess of Galway, and Peter Lynch, burgess of the same town. Witnessed by the said John Blake bound himself to give as the dowry of his daughter Evelyne Blake, whom he had given in marriage to said Peter Lynch, the sum of 60 marks, or the value thereof in certain specified goods. And said Peter Lynch bound himself under penalthy of 60 marks to marry said Evelyne, and to obtain the dispensation necessary by reason of the consanguinity between them. Said John and Peter to bear the expenses of obtaining said dispensation equally; and any issue begotten between said Peter and Evelyne before obtaining of said dispensation and solemnization of said marriage to be treated by said Peter as being as much legitimate as the issue begotten after the publication of the banns, and the solemnization of the said marriage. Attested under the seals of both parties interchangeably. Witnesses: Father David Valencis, Canon of Enaghdune; Brother Henry Joyce, of the Order of Preachers; Roger Worlock, Nicholas French, and Walter Lang and William O’Maellagayn, clerks of the Dioceses of Tuam and Enaghdune. Dated at Galway on the morrow of Blessed Mary Magdalen, A.D. 1468, in the eighth year of King Edward IV.
[Blake, Martin J.: Blake family records, 1300 to 1600: a chronological catalogue with copious notes and genealogies of many branches of the Blake family (London, 1902), page 39, no. 60]

August 20, 1485
To the abbot of the monastery of Saul (de Saballo) in the diocese of Down, and Mark Macgyn and Denis Omwsteagh, canons of Dromore. Mandate to collate and assign to Bernard Obyrnd, clerk, of the diocese of Down (who was lately dispensed by authority of the ordinary on account of illegitimacy, as the son of a priest and an unmarried woman, to be made a clerk, after which he had himself made a clerk), the rectory of the parish church of Kyllwynchy in the said diocese, of lay patronage, and yearly value not exceeding about 1½ marks sterling, void because Nicholas Omaeylygan held it for more than a year without having himself ordained priest, and without dispensation, although he has detained it for some years after the said year without having acquired any new title or right, the said Nicholas being summoned and removed. The pope hereby specially dispenses the said Bernard to be promoted to all, even holy orders and receive and retain it, notwithstanding the said defect, etc.
[Twemlow, J. A.: Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland, Papal Letters 1484-1492 (London, 1960), Vol. XIV, p. 108]

1485
Feidhlimidh, son of Donchadh Mag Uidhir, was wounded and taken and Donchadh junior, his kinsman, in the same way, by Mac Gilla-ruaidh (namely, Brian) and by two sons of Edmond Mag Uidhir, namely, Aedh and Gilla-Isu. And Gilla-Padraig, son of Maghnus, son of Domnall Ua Mailigein the Tall and Cathal Ua Timain the Tawny, son of Aedh the Left-handed, were slain there by them. The son of John Mac Gilla-ruaidh (namely, Gilla-Padraig) was slain after that on a night incursion by that Feidhlimidh, son of Donchadh and by the Muintir-Maelagain and by Muintir-Timain and so on.
[Airt, Seán Mac & Niocaill, Gearóid Mac (Ed): The Annals of Ulster (Dublin (1983), Vol. III, p 296]

Note: According to Peadar Livingstone, the O’ Maolagain kindred were chiefs of Baylagh and Raphoe, before coming to Fermanghan. He thinks they settled in the Maghersteffany and Clankelly, and probably gave their name to Mullowulligan and Eshywulligan townlands near Clones.
[Livingstone, Peadar: The Fermanagh Story: A Document History of the County Fermanagh from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (Enniskillen, 1969), p. 434]



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