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History Of Delaware County
T. B. Helm
1881

Lora Radiches

CHAPTER III

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

EIGHTH REGIMENT OF INFANTRY - (THREE MONTHS MEN).

Organized at Indianapolis, April 25, 1861, William P. Benton, Colonel: Went by rail to Clarksburg, W. Va., June 19, 1861. Marched to Buckhannon, thirty miles, June 21, 1861. Battle of Rich Mountain, July 11, 1861, rebels defeated. Returned to Indianapolis July 29, 1861. Mustered out of service August 2, 1861, at Indianapolis.

STATISTICS OF REGIMENT

Mustered in, officers, 31; men, 747; total, 784. Died, 7; deserted, 15; returned, 762. Regimental officers from Delaware County. Assistant Surgeon George W. Edgerly. Re-enlisted in the Eighth Indiana Regiment, for three years.

COMPANY C.
Captain-Thomas J. Brady, re-enlisted in the Eighth Regiment for three years.
First Lieutenants-Geo. W. Edgerly, promoted Assistant Surgeon; Joseph Kirk.
Second Lieutenants-William Fisher, probably resigned; Nathan Branson, reenlisted as Quartermaster in Eighth Indians for three years.
Sergeants-Andrew O'Daniel, George James, William Berry; Edwin Pugh, mustered out as private.
Corporals-Samuel G. Williams, Thomas H. Kirby; Cyrus M. Newcomb, mustered out as private; William Hatfield.
Musicians-Thomas Dalrymple, Mile S. Smith.

(Note-When no date or other intimation is given of leaving the service, it is to be supposed that the person remained to the final muster-out of the regiment.)

Privates-James Adams, as Corporal; Emanuel Aldrich, John Bishop, Henry Bowman, John H. Brown, Samuel Carmen, Frederick Coppersmith, wounded at Rich Mountain July 11, 1861; Thomas Corbitt, James Cummerford, George Darracott, George W. Eastman, Isaac W. Ellis, James Ennis, Lewis Everett, John Fifer, Jacob Fry, Robert Galbraith, William Gates, Joseph Gessell, John A Gilbert, Uriah Harrold, Robert Harter, Joshua Horsman, John Ervin, Lewis Jourdan, Daniel B. Kimball; Asbury L. Kerwood, wounded at Rich Mountain July 11, 1861; Jacob Kinsey, John Kirk, Charles Kiser, John A Klein, John B. Maddy, Richard M. Martin, Alexander Miller, John H. Miller, Simon Miller, John Motes, Sylvester Peterman, Jeremiah Priest, Abel Pugh, James Pugh, George Raupp; Collier M. Reid, wounded at Rich Mountain July11, 1861; Andrew G. Ridenour, wounded July 11,1861; John Ridge, Butler Sears, John Shields, Francis Shell, Joseph Shipley, Apton Single, John Stake, William Stevens, Lemuel Sullivan, George Taylor; John C. Taylor, as Sergeant; John H. Walker, wounded at Rich Mountain July11, 1861; William Watson; Francis Williams, as Corporal; Horace Williams, Jesse Williamson, Willis Williamson, Nicholas Wise, Aaron V. Wright, Eli Younce. Total list; wounded, 4.

TENTH REGIMENT (THREE MONTHS).


Evender C. Kennedy.

SEVENTH REGIMENT- (THREE YEARS).

Mustered into service at Indianapolis September 13, 1861. Ebenezer Dumont, Colonel, mustered out September 20, 1864. Ira G. Grover, Colonel. Only two men are reckoned to this regiment from Delaware County: Isaac Needham, Company F. and George W. Brandon, Company G. No particulars given.

STATISTICS OF REGIMENT

Officers, 45; men, 1,001; recruits, 190; total, 1,236. Died, officers, 11; men, 201; deserted, 20; missing, 27.

EIGHTH REGIMENT INFANTRY (THREE YEARS SERVICE)

Mustered into service at Indianapolis August 20, 1861. William P. Benton, Colonel. Mustered out August 28, 1885. John R Polk, Colonel.

STATISTICS OF REGIMENT

Officers, 72; men, 980; recruits, 117; Total, 1,229. Died, 233; deserters, 75.
OPERATIONS OF THE REGIMENT.

This regiment, originally organized for the three months' service, was re-organized for three years, on the 20th of August 1861, and mustered into service at Indianapolis on the 5th of September, 1861; went to St. Louis, joining the army of Gen. Fremont, on the 11th of September, 1861; subsequently, it was assigned to duty at Jefferson City, Mo., joining the brigade of Gen. Jefferson C. Davis, on the 14 of September. On the 17th of December following, it assisted in capturing 1,300 rebels at Warrensburg, Mo., and participated in the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., on the 6th, 7th and 8th of March, 1862, remaining in Arkansas and Missouri until March, 1863, when it joined Grant's army near Vicksburg, at Milliken's Bend, and was assigned to duty in Benton's Brigade, Thirteenth Army Corps, Gen. McClernand commanding. It took part in the battles of Magnolia Hill, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, and the campaign around Vicksburg, from the 29th of April to July 4. In the battle of Magnolia Hill, the loss of the regiment was thirty-two. The assault on Vicksburg was made on the 22d of June, continuing until July 4-, 1863. On the 5th of July, the regiment marched with the army to Jackson, and returned to Vicksburg on the 24th. It went to Carrollton, La., by steamer, on the 20th of August 1863; was with Banks' Teche expedition, from August to November, going to Texas on the 12th of the latter month, and participated in the capture of a fort on Mustang Island, on the 17th; of Fort Esperanza, Texas, on the 27th.

At Indianola, Texas, on the 1st of January 1864, 417 out of the 515 then belonging to the regiment, re-enlisted as veterans. Up to that date, the loss of the regiment was 48 killed in action, 32 died of wounds, and 137 died of disease-in all 217. Afterward, on the 22d of April 1864, they arrived at Indianapolis on veteran furlough remained for one month, returning then to New Orleans. From that point it moved forward, on the 27th of July, to Morganza Bend, in Texas, marching the following day to Atchafalaya where, it engaged the rebels and returned to Morganza Bend, subsequently embarking on a steamer for Washington City, where it arrived on the 12th of August. From there it marched to Berryville, Va., and was there assigned to duty in the Nineteenth Army Corps, participating in the campaign of the Shenandoah Valley, under Gen. Phil Sheridan. On the 19th of September the regiment took part in the engagement of Opequan, and in the battles of Fisher's Hill, on the 22nd of September, and Cedar Creek, October 19, leaving the valley on the 6th of January, 1865, and arriving at Savannah, Ga., by steamer from Baltimore, ten days later. Remaining on duty in Georgia until the 28th of August, 1865, it was at that date mustered out of service, and took transportation thence to Indianapolis, at which place it arrived on the 17th of September, under command of Col. John R. Polk, with 14 officers and 245 men, and, after being publicly received by Gov. O. P. Morton, on behalf of the State at the Capitol grounds, was finally discharged from service, amid the plaudits of a grateful people.

A condensed review of the fields of operation of the Eighth Regiment is thus given, drawn from the report of the Adjutant General. During the three months campaign, the Eighth Regiment operated in Western Virginia, in the early part of 1861. This regiment enlisted for the three years' service, occupied, for the remaining part of 1861, different portions of Missouri. In 1862-1863, its movements were chiefly continued to Arkansas and Mississippi, but subsequent1y, in the latter part of 1862, to The Mississippi River and to Vicksburg. The campaign of 1868-64 extended to Louisiana and Texas; the Shenandoah Valley in the last part of 1864, closing in Georgia in 1865.

From first to last, the Eighth Indiana took part in the following engagements in their order:
Rich Mountain, Virginia, July 11, 1881;
Pea Ridge, Arkansas, March 6-8, 1862;
Cotton-Plant, Arkansas, July 7, 1862;
Austin, Mississippi, August, 1862;
Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, from May 19, to July 4, 1863;
Port Gibson (Magnolia Hill), Mississippi, May 1, 1863;
Jackson, May 14;
Champion Hill, May 16;
Black River Bridge, May 17;
Assault on Vicksburg, June 22;
Siege of Jackson, July 9-16, 1863
Mustang Island, Texas, November 17, 1863;
Fort Esperanza, Texas, November 27, 1863;
Atchafalaya, Louisiana, July 28, 1864;
Opequan, Virginia, September 19, 1864;
Fisher's Hill, Virginia, September 22;
New Market, Virginia, September 23;
Cedar Creek, Virginia, October 19, 1884.

Thus it will be seen that their field of operations lay in Virginia, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas and Georgia. Their route lay from Indianapolis to Western Virginia and back to Indianapolis; for St. Louis, Jefferson City, Springfield, Warrensburg, Missouri, Cross Timbers, Pea Ridge, Arkansas; over the Ozark Mountains into Missouri again, down White River to Batesville, to Arkansas; to Helena, Arkansas, to St. Louis, Missouri; to Iron Mountain; down the Mississippi River by steamer to Milliken's Bend, Louisiana; to Port Gibson, Jackson, Champion Hill, Black River Ridge, Vicksburg; Jackson again, and back Carrollton, Louisiana, Teche Country, Louisiana and to Texas thence to Indianapolis, home, and back again to New Orleans, Morganza Bend, , Texas and Atchafalya, Louisiana; thence to Washington City, Shenandoah Valley, Georgia, and finally to Indianapolis, and home at last to stay, a tedious dangerous journey, longer probably, than to have gone half round the world, and performed, moreover, with such exposure to, and endurance of, privations and sufferings and loss of life itself, as only they can realize Or, understand, who have undergone a similar experience.

REGIMENTAL OFFICERS FROM DELAWARE COUNTY

Major. Thomas J. Brady -Commissioned May 10, 1862; promoted to colonel of the One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment, September 19, 1863; was mustered out at the expiration-of term, six months; re-entered as Colonel of the One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment, for one year, October 20, 1864, and was mustered out with the regiment, July 11, 1865; meantime-he had been appointed Brigadier General by, brevet, March 18, 1865. Quarter Master-Nathan Branson; dismissed February 27, 1865. Assistant Surgeon-George W. Edgerly, died November 10, 1861.

COMPANY A.

Captain-Thomas J. Brady; promoted to Major; Colonel of the One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment; Colonel of the One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment; mustered out of service July 11, 1865. First Lieutenant-George W. Parkinson, resigned December 31, 1861. Second Lieutenant-Andrew O'Daniel; promoted to First Lieutenant; Captain; killed in action at Vicksburg May 22, 1863. Commissary Sergeant-John A. McConnell, veteran. First Sergeant-William Watson, promoted to First Lieutenant; Captain; killed in the action at Cedar Creek, Virginia, October 19, 1864. Sergeants-Matthew M. Hughes, promoted to First Lieutenant, Captain; James Nation, discharged 1861, disability, Samuel C. Williams, appointed Sergeant Major, discharged for disability 1862. Thomas Carman mustered out September 1864. Corporals, James H Adams; veteran, promoted to Second Lieutenant, mustered out as private August 28,1865; Jacob H. Kinzey, veteran; John C. Gaunt, transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps: Andrew Ridenour, killed at Vicksburg, May 22, 1863; George Eviston, discharged 1861, disability; Thomas Corbitt, veteran, died at Savannah, Georgia April 25, 1865; George Craw, killed at Vicksburg, May 22, 1863; William A. Gates, veteran discharged April 26, 1865.

Musician's-Anthony Leakey, veteran, discharged November 28, 1864; George V. Tilson, veteran, mustered out with regiment. Wagoner - William Coffeen, mustered out as private, September 4, 1864. Privates-Josiah F. Adams, veteran; William G. Beath, veteran, captured at Cedar Creek, Virginia; Joseph Brown, veteran; John Carmin, veteran, Corporal, Sergeant; George Cummins, Richard E. Craw; Benjamin Drake, veteran, appointed Corporal; William F. Fisher, veteran; Andrew J. Gibbs; Henry Garrison, veteran; Emeriah Garrard, veteran; William H. Irwin, Quartermaster Sergeant, promoted to Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, Assistant Commissary Sergeant; Daniel Keen. (Page 91)


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